The "Red Gold" drew immigrants here since the 1880's, to mine the iron ore needed by a growing America. Through the extraction of iron from the hills of Northern Iron County's Penokee Range to the north, extending one mile west and three-fourth miles east of the marker that stands before you. Wisconsin made significant contributions to the fast moving industrial revolution of the world, particularly in production of steel, building materials and automobiles.
The mining location around the Montreal Mine looks more like an upscale community than an industrial site. Montreal, the city on the hill, was incorporated in 1924 and was the site of the Montreal Mining Company, the only planned mining company town in Wisconsin. Designed in 1921 to accommodate the nationality and temperament of mine workers, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 132 white painted company homes consisted of four different models that came from Bay City, Michigan.
The nearby city of Gile, located on the river, was the center of the area’s timber industries. The largest, the Montral River Lumber Company, operated from 1884 until 1904, milled 80,000 board feet of white pine a day. Lumbering continued here on a smaller scale until 1915. From Gile you can clearly see the huge vast rock tailing piles standing like pyramids across from Gile Falls.
In May 1886, one year after the commencement of the boom, one of the range newspapers gave a summary of the values of the Gogebic mines that was regarded as entirely reasonable and conservative in placing the total at $24,000,000. "The Gogebic range, which a year ago to-day was practically unknown and of uncertain and doubtful value," was the editor's comment, "is to-day estimated to contain more wealth than the entire assessed valuation of some of the oldest states in the Union."
The Montreal Mine is located in the Proterozoic Ironwood Iron Formation that’s crosscut by Keweenawan dikes. Permeability barriers imposed by the dikes localized rich zones of supergene mineralization down over 5,000 feet. In 1963, 600 workers lost their jobs. Many went to the American Motors plant in Kenosha and their homes were sold for $2,200 to $3,500.
Montreal Mine Minerals:
Actinolite, Barite, Braunite, Calcite, Celestine, Dickite, Dolomite, Galena, Goethite, Gypsum, Hematite, Kaolinite, Magnetite, Manganite, Marcasite, Minnesotaite, Neotocite, Pyrite, Pyrolusite, Quartz, Rhodochrosite, Romanechite, Siderite, Stilpnomelane, Talc, and others.
TO LOG THIS CACHE:
1) How many tons of iron ore were shipped during the mines lifespan?
2) What was the vertical depth of the mine?
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