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EarthCache

The Sprague Well

A cache by PassingWind
Hidden : 3/3/2008
In Wisconsin, United States
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: not chosen (not chosen)

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Geocache Description:


THE SPRAGUE WELL

This is one of many Artesian Wells that grace the shores of Chequamegon Bay on Lake Superior between Ashland and Washburn. This well is believed to be the first drilled artesian well in Bayfield County and was completed at a depth of 119 feet 8 inches in April of 1903 by Monroe H. Sprague of the Akeley-Sprague Lumber Co. that once graced this very site which is now Thompson’s West End Park.

An aquifer provides the water source for this artesian well. Porous stone is sandwiched between a top and bottom layer of an impermeable substance like clay or rock. The artesian water pressure is kept high due to porous stone being crushed between impermeable rocks along with the water’s density, and elevation of recharge zone (gravity). When you get to a point below the entryway of the flow, there is enough pressure (artesian pressure) to bring the water up.  The water in the aquifer is also under enough pressure that, when the aquifer is tapped by a well such as this, the water rises up the well bore to a level that is above the top of the aquifer called the potentiometric surface.

 

Flow from the original 4 inch casing was rated at 224 gal. min. – “So free of minerals it was piped directly to the saw mill boilers.” In 1956 the flow was measured at 54 gal. min. from a 1 inch pipe and tested 104 PPM total mineral content.

 

Long a freshwater treat for Washburn residents, it remains a landmark of early lumbering days on Chequamegon Bay.

** Artesian Well and Confined Aquifer Animation**

 

 


TO LOG THIS CACHE:
1) Determine the output of the well in gallons per minute (gpm) and compare that to the original and 1956 flow measurements.

 

E-mail me the answer(s) HERE.

 




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Inventory

There are no Trackables in this cache.

 

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185 Logged Visits

Found it 182     Didn't find it 1     Write note 1     Publish Listing 1     

View Logbook | View the Image Gallery of 21 images

**Warning! Spoilers may be included in the descriptions or links.

Current Time:
Last Updated: on 10/23/2014 11:40:22 AM Pacific Daylight Time (6:40 PM GMT)
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum