Zeroes to Heroes | Gaylord Nelson
In Wisconsin, United States
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Welcome to the Bruce B. Purdy Nature Preserve and the "Zeroes to Heroes" naturalist cache collection, a series of puzzle caches that highlights some of the most influential Naturalists either from Wisconsin or with many ties to the state. Our hope is that you will come to learn a thing or two about Wisconsin's rich progressive preservationist and protectionist history, spearheaded by these incredible individuals who began their humble journeys with one singular purpose: To pass on our rich natural heritage to our offspring of tomorrow by doing our best to preserve it today.
The series is also an attempt to bolster the confidence of cachers who may have never considered creating or placing a puzzle cache by pairing them with some of the valley's most prolific puzzle and traditional cache placers.
GAYLORD ANTON NELSON
"There was a special adventure to being a young boy in northwestern Wisconsin. There was the adventure of exploring a deep green pine forest, crunching noisily through the crisp leaves and pine needles on a sharp fall day, or taking a cool drink from a fast running trout stream or a hidden lake." -- Gaylord Nelson
In 1969, then a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, Nelson came up with one of the most powerful ideas of his time: Earth Day. Inspired by the teach-ins formed to protest the Vietnam War, Earth Day was an instant success. On April 22nd 1970, 20 million Americans (20% of the U.S. population at the time) took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment.
Nelson proposed the first nationwide environmental protest "to shake up the political establishment and force this issue onto the national agenda. " "It was a gamble," he recalls, "but it worked."
American Heritage Magazine called the first Earth Day "one of the most remarkable happenings in the history of democracy."
Earth Day introduced the Environmental Decade, an unparalleled period of legislative and grassroots activity to protect the nation’s environment. More significant environmental legislation was signed into law during the eleven-year “decade” (1970-1980) than during the 170-year period prior to Earth Day. Congress passed twenty-eight major environmental laws, and hundreds of other public lands bills to protect and conserve natural resources.
When Senator Nelson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995, President Clinton noted, “as the founder of Earth Day, he is the grandfather of all that grew out of that event — the Environmental Protection Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act. He also set a standard for people in public service to care about the environment and try to do something about it.”
"If we intrude on this work of nature, what will the consequences be?" --Gaylord Nelson
N 44 20. NEL W 088 21. SON
N = On March 25th, 196N Nelson made his first speech before the U.S. Senate in support of a bill to ban detergents from water supplies. Nelson described that N.8 billion pounds were used each year resulting in serious foaming of rivers and lakes. "We need a comprehensive and nationwide program to save the national resources of America," he said.
E = In 19E0, Nelson called for Congressional hearings on the safety of contraceptive pills, which were famously called "The Nelson Pill Hearings."
L = In 196L Wisconsin Governor Nelson created the Outdoor Recreation Acquisition Program, a plan to expand state-protected parks and wetlands that was financed through a penny tax on packs of cigarettes.
S = Senator Nelson authored and sponsored legislation to preserve the 2,170 mile Appalachian Trail which became law in 196S.
O = Nelson introduced the first legislation to ban dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), a synthetic pesticide in 196O. The US ban on DDT is cited by scientists as a major factor in the comeback of the bald eagle from near-extinction.
N = Gaylord Anton Nelson was 8N years old when he died of a heart attack on July 3rd, 2005.
E = September 2E, 1969 Senator Nelson announced his idea for a nation-wide teach-in day on the environment in a speech in Seattle.
A = Five months before Earth Day on Nov A0, The New York Times carried a lengthy article by Gladwin Hill reporting on environmental events.
R = The name "Earth Day" (rhymes with Birth Day) was recommended by many including a friend of Nelson's, a New York advertising executive (born April 22nd 192R), who designed the ad campaign "Timex: It takes a licking, and keeps on ticking".
T = A big "break" in organizing the event came when New York City Mayor John Lindsay agreed to close down Tth Avenue for the Event and offered his office and staff to help out.
H = Some thought Earth Day should be on April 2H, John Muir's Birthday. Unfortunately, event organizers mistakenly thought Muir's birthday was on April 22.
D = Rock band, Dramarama, wrote a song about Earth Day called What Are We Gonna Do? which was released on the album Vinyl in 19D1.
A = In 199A Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues on to the world stage.
Y = Earth Day inspired the creation of an independent agency that began operations December 2nd, 19Y0 that eventually created the voluntary Energy Star program that fosters energy efficiency.
This cache is a multi-cache so be prepared with all of the puzzle answers from the cache page when you hunt the cache. The answers for NELSON will lead you to WP1. Answers for EARTHDAY will be used in the field to find your way to the final. It will be clear which A is which in the field.
Regarding the cache, you are looking for a small container with enough room for Geocoins and small swag. It's initially well stocked and has 1 pathtag for you collectors out there. BYOP. Please re-hide as good or better than you found it so muggles do not see the cache.
Watch out for the thorns near WP1 and the final i.e. don't hunt this one in shorts! The terrain has been increased a half star for the thorns. Cache was hidden in Winter and should be huntable and findable in Winter. Snowshoes definitely recommended!
Geocaching Check-in Procedures:
All geocachers must sign-in at the Apple Creek YMCA (2851 E. Apple Creek Rd- just across the road from the preserve) before geocaching on the preserve. A guest sign-in book is located at the front desk. You do not need to speak with staff to sign in nor do you need to sign out after you are done caching. The sign in log will be checked against the on-line logs to verify that this procedure is being followed. If geocachers do not follow this procedure, all geocaches will be removed from the Purdy Preserve. The Apple Creek YMCA is open M-F 5:00 AM-9:00 PM, Sat 5:45 AM-4:00 PM, and closed on Sundays. Geocaching must take place during these same hours.
Preserve Rules as follows; Trails open dawn to dusk, Hike on marked trails only, Carry-in and Carry-out, Respect property boundaries, All users must possess a YMCA membership, guest pass, (or guest book sign-in), or reside in Apple Hill Farms. The following are prohibited; Pets, Bicycles, Motorized vehicles, Cross-country skiing, Smoking, Drugs/Alcohol, Camping and Removal or destruction of plant or animal life. Please enjoy the preserve responsibly while respecting wildlife and other preserve users. All questions regarding this preserve may be directed to the Apple Creek YMCA at 733-9622
(No hints available.)
Last Updated: on 5/24/2015 4:14:37 PM Pacific Daylight Time (11:14 PM GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum