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EarthCache

Rhyolitic Breccia and Banded Rhyolite

Hidden : 7/18/2005
In California, United States
Difficulty:
3 out of 5
Terrain:
2.5 out of 5

Size: Size: not chosen (not chosen)

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Geocache Description:

This cache is one of the stops on the NPS nature walk (stop 11). A booklet with the full set of stops is available at the visitor center. The closest parking for this cache is on the west side of the monument. This cache discusses igneous rocks and two types of rocks formed from rhyolite.

Safety Warning: Be sure to carry enough food and water with you. Summer temperatures easily exceed 100 degrees.

There is a similar cache (GCPRKN) for the east side that includes pummice lapilli tuff, perlite, and diacite.

Igneous rocks are formed from the cooling of molten (liquid) rock. Igneous rocks are typically divided up into four types based on the amount of silica they contain. Silica is common compound found in the earth’s crust. For each of the four types of igneous rocks, there is a volcanic and plutonic name for the rock. Plutonic rocks form undergound and cool slowly forming interlocking mineral crystals. Volcanic rocks form on the surface and cool quickly forming very few if any visible mineral crystals. See http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Products/Pglossary/VolRocks.html for a set of graphics.

Rhyolite is a volcanic rock with the most silica content of the igneous rocks (between 68 to 77%) and tends to be the coolest of the igneous rocks (about 900 deg C). It is typically light red to pink to tan and has very few if any visible crystals. Due to their high silica content and relatively low temperature, molten rhyolite is typically thick and chunky. This generates explosive eruptions that tend to pile up close to the volcano or short stubby lava flows.

Lava is molten rock on the surface. While the molten rock is still underground molten rock is called magma.

The rock at this location is made up of large angular chunks (clasts) surrounded by a pinkish tan rock (the matrix). This type of rock is called rhyolitic breccia. The large angular chunks in the outcrop are likely rocks from an earlier eruption that were blown apart encased it in the rhyolitic lava. Much of the rock at the park is made up of rhyolitic breccia.

One of the larger dark clasts (about 3' to 4' up the wall) has what looks like curved lines running across it. These lines have been described as being similar to tree rings. This type of rock is called banded rhyolite. This type of rock forms from flowing lava that allows bubble- and crystal-rich layers to form on the surface. Multiple flows build upon each other to create the multiple lines.

Logging requirements:
Send me a note with :

  1. The text "GCPRKV Rhyolitic Breccia and Banded Rhyolite" on the first line
  2. The number of people in your group.
  3. Describe how far apart the bands are in the rock.

Material in this cache came from NPS booklets and the above mentioned website.

Placement approved by the Pinnacles
National Monument


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Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Trg ernyyl pybfr naq hfr lbhe svatreanvy gb zrnfher vs lbh unir gb

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)

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Inventory

There are no Trackables in this cache.

 

Find...

98 Logged Visits

Found it 93     Didn't find it 1     Write note 2     Post Reviewer Note 1     Update Coordinates 1     

View Logbook | View the Image Gallery of 40 images

**Warning! Spoilers may be included in the descriptions or links.

Current Time:
Last Updated: on 9/21/2014 9:06:44 PM Pacific Daylight Time (4:06 AM GMT)
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum