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Northampton Old & New
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This is an eight part multi cache in the Northampton Town Centre.
It could take you over an hour to complete!
Please be aware that there are not many free parking areas left in the town and there is an army of traffic wardens. You have been warned!
The coordinates given are roughly in the middle of all the locations that you need to visit.
The locations are numbered 1-7 but you can do them in any order you like.
Below is some of the interesting things in Northampton's past:
Earliest evidence of human settlement at Briar Hill, a Neolithic encampment within a large circular earthwork. It was probably used as a religious and community centre.
Hill fort established at Hunsbury as the stronghold of a local chieftain. Although known locally as "Dane's Camp", it pre-dates the Danish arrival by several hundred years. It consisted of a circular ditch and bank enclosing about 4 acres. Although partly eroded, the earthworks are still visible.
Northampton became the seat of the national Parliament.
Queen Eleanor's Cross built on London Road to mark stopping place of the funeral procession as King Edward I took his wife's body from Lincoln to Westminster Abbey - one of only 3 remaining crosses out of the original 14.
Black Death plague reduced the town's population from about 3,000 to about 1,500 and triggered a massive decline in Northampton's fortunes.
War of the Roses: Battle of Northampton fought in Hardingstone fields between the river and Delapre Abbey - Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians and captured Henry VI.
Fire destroyed much of the town.
Fire destroyed part of the town.
Five women and a man executed for witchcraft.
Plague - over 500 people died.
Civil War ended after decisive victory by Cromwell at nearby Naseby. Cromwell slept at Hazelrigg House in Marefair the night before the battle.
Castle and town walls demolished by order of Charles II because town had sided with Parliament, the enemy of his father (Charles I) during Civil War.
Great Fire of Northampton, caused by sparks from an open fire in St. Mary's Street near the castle, devastated the town centre, destroying about 600 buildings, including All Saints church in 6 hours. Three quarters of the town was destroyed - 11 people died, about 700 families made homeless. Local people and businesses raised £25,000 towards re-building the town centre based around the Market Square. Streets were widened to help prevent a re-occurrence. King Charles II donated 1000 tons of timber for the re-building. A commemorative statue of the king (dressed in Roman toga) stands on the portico of the re-built All Saints church. Later (1724), the new appearance inspired the author and traveller Daniel Defoe to describe Northampton as the "handsomest and best built town in all this part of England…..finely rebuilt with brick and stone, and the streets made spacious and wide".
World's first water-driven cotton mill established near Tanner Street.
Spencer Perceval, the town's M.P., became Prime Minister.
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval (Northampton's M.P.) shot dead in House of Commons lobby by John Bellingham.
Paganini, the virtuoso violinist, performed at the George Hotel.
Joseph Grose, local motor car pioneer, drove first motor vehicle in town.
Joseph Grose, local motor car pioneer, incurred first speeding fine (of £1), by travelling at a staggering "15-16 m.p.h." !
Horse racing at Racecourse abandoned after several serious accidents. Electric trams introduced - replaced horse-drawn trams.
"Vint's Palace" opened in Gold Street. It showed both films and variety acts - Charlie Chaplin appeared there twice. Racecourse ploughed to provide war-time allotments. Zeppelin raid on town - 3 civilians killed by incendiary bombs.
St. James' End badly flooded - worst floods for 30 years.
First set of traffic lights installed at junction of Abington Street and Fish Street (only the third set in England). The R101, Britain's new giant airship, passed low over town centre on maiden voyage.
Stirling bomber crashed in Gold Street. Wreckage extended to George Row, but no serious damage to All Saints Church. Crew had baled out - pilot's body found on Racecourse, other crew members landed safely.
The Beatles played two concerts (March and November) at the ABC cinema.
Northampton Town Football Club won promotion to Division 1 for first time in their history. In first home game they drew 1-1 with Arsenal. In second home game they drew 1-1 with Manchester Utd., watched by crowd of over 21,000 - largest league crowd ever at County Ground at the time.
Express Lift Company's test tower (418 feet) opened by Queen Elizabeth II. BBC disc jockey Terry Wogan referred to it as Northampton's "lighthouse".
Development Corporation wound up, having added 20,000 dwellings, 40,000 inhabitants and over 200 companies. Population: 168,000
Guildhall extension added (to the east) - designed by local architects Stimson, Walton, Bond.
Princess Diana's funeral procession passed through town on way to Althorp.
Severe flooding of Far Cotton and St. James areas on Good Friday - 2 people died, thousands of homes affected.
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Last Updated: on 11/15/2017 3:26:49 PM (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada) (11:26 PM GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum