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Cruz de Portugal [Xelb] Traditional Cache

Hidden : 06/13/2007
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size:   micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


A Cruz de Portugal é um um cruzeiro quinhentista gótico-manuelino esculpido  em calcário e aproximadamente 3 metros de altura. 
Numa das faces podemos ver a Pietá e, na outra Cristo crucificado.

Comparável, a outros que por todo o Portugal se erguiam à entrada das localidades, embora, sem duvida dos mais belos, tanto o seu particular gosto manuelino quanto o seu nome reforçam a ideia que será obra vinda de meio mais cosmopolita, talvez de Lisboa. 

Cruz de Portugal por ter vindo do reino de Portugal para o do Algarve ou por se situar, hoje, na estrada que lá conduz?

Porque não pensar numa possível oferta à cidade feita pelo rei D. Manuel em 1499 quando aqui se deslocou para piedosa e pomposamente transladar seu cunhado e primo, o anterior rei D. João II?

O seu estilo também, embora em certos pormenores dum manuelino muito popular, não encontra razoável paralelo com outras obras manuelinas de Silves ou da sua região, onde aliás é abundante. O mestre mais capacitado e de obra reconhecida em Alvor, Estômbar e Silves ( Igreja da Misericórdia ), de modo nenhum nos parece o autor da Cruz de Portugal. 

Texto adaptado do texto de Manuel Castelo Ramos em http://www.geocities.com/baetaoliveira/cruz.html 

 

[EN] Cruz de Portugal is a Gothic-Manueline Cross scultured in Limestone with approximately 3 meters of height, from the XV century.
In soft Limestone of unknown origin you can see in one face the Pietá and on the other Christ on the Cross.
This cross can be compared to others that can be found in Portugal (they were built at the entrance of the cities), but, it´s for sure one of the most beautifull of the country, specially because of his Gothic Manueline style. This, and his name increases the probability that the cross came from a bigger town like Lisbon. 
Cruz de Portugal (Cross of Portugal) probably a gift from the Kingdom of Portugal to the Kingdom of the Algarve, or because it´s located on the road that led to the Algarve in ancient times (Silves was the capital of the Algarve for centuries). 
It´s also possible that it was an offer to the town by King D. Manuel in 1499 when he came to Silves to take the body of his brother in law and cousin, former King D. João II to Lisbon.
It´s style, even if it´s a very popular Gothic Manueline, finds no rival in other works in Silves or in the region. The most able master  with recognized work in Alvor, Estombar and Silves (Misericordia Church) as a diferent style and it doesn´t seem to be the author of this cross.

Adapted from the text of Manuel Castelo Ramos in http://www.geocities.com/baetaoliveira/cruz.html

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

CG: Ab puãb, gncnqn pbz crqenf, whagb nb 2º cbfgr qr sreeb qn erqr qn seragr (erqr znvf cregb qn rfgenqn), rfpbaqvqn rager nf qhnf erqrf. RA: Ba gur tebhaq, pbirerq jvgu fgbarf, arkg gb gur 2aq veba cbyr bs gur sebag srapr, vafvqr.

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)