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6000 Years of Hellenic History - Knossos

A cache by Shrek_&_Fiona Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 6/29/2007
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


With these caches we're going to travel into the myths and the history of Greece. A journey that began 6000 years ago.

Spots.

  1. Cycladic civilization: prehistoric Greece
  2. Minoan Civilization
  3. Mycenaean civilization
  4. Ancient Greece
  5. Hellenistic Greece
  6. Roman Period
  7. Byzantine Period
  8. Greek War of Independence
  9. The modern Greek state

 

2.Minoan Civilization

Knossos

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

About the place : Knossos was inhabited for several thousand years, beginning with a neolithic settlement sometime in the seventh millennium BC, and was abandoned after its destruction in 1375 BC which marked the end of Minoan civilization. The first palace on the low hill beside the Krairatos river was built around 1900 BC on the ruins of previous settlements. It was destroyed for the first time along with the other Protopalatial palaces around Crete at 1700 BC, probably by a large earthquake or foreign invaders. It was immediately rebuilt to an even more elaborate complex and until its abandonment was damaged several times during earthquakes, invasions, and in 1450 BC by the colossal volcanic eruption of Thera, and the invasion of Mycenaeans who used it as their capital as they ruled the island of Crete until 1375 BC.

Arthur Evans, the British Archaeologist who excavated the site in 1900 AD restored large parts of the palace in a way that it is possible today to appreciate the grandeur and complexity of a structure that evolved over several millennia and grew to occupy about 20,000 square meters. Walking through its complex multi-storied buildings one can comprehend why the palace of Knossos was associated with the mythological labyrinth.

Cache Details : The cache is located a small distance from Knossos to avoid the large crowds. It is hidden in the Agia Eirini gorge about 2 km further south from the Knossos minoan palace. Also, in the area you will find a roman aqueduct and the small church of Aghia Eirini.

Leave the main road at this point: N35 17.091 E025 09.917 and you can park your car here: N35 16.952 E025 09.949 From here it is only a few more meters to the cache. The cache contains only a logbook (no pen so bring your own) and a secret question. You have to send us a message with the answer to the question in order for your find to be accepted. Please do not remove the paper with the secret question from the cache! Also, remember this answer as it may be useful to you for finding other caches in this series.
Good luck and happy Geocaching!

Me autes tis kryptes tha taksidepsoume mesa stous mythous kai tin istoria tis Elladas. Ena taksidi pou arxise prin apo 6000 xronia.

Spots.

  1. Kykladitikos Politismos: Proistoriki Ellada
  2. Minoikos Politismos
  3. Mykinaikos Politismos
  4. Arxaia Ellada
  5. Ellinistiki Periodos
  6. Romaiki Periodos
  7. Byzantini Periodos
  8. Elliniki Epanastasi
  9. Sygxroni Ellada

 

2.Minoikos Politismos

Knossos

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Plirofories Topothesias : H Knossos katoikitai edo kai arketes xiliades xronia, arxizontas me katavlismous tis neolithikis epoxis tis evdomis xilietias pro Xristou. Egkatalifthike meta tin katastrofi tis to 1375 pX xronologia pou simatodotei kai to telos tou Minoikou politismou. To proto palati ston xamilo lofo dipla apo ton Krairato potamo xtistike gyro sto 1900 pX pano apo ta ereipia proigoumenon katavlismon. Katastrafike gia proti fora mazi me alla proto-palatia stin Kriti peripou to 1700 pX, pithanon eksetias megalou seismou i ksenon epidromeon. Ksanaxtistike sxedon amesos me polyplokoteri morfi kai mexri tin egkatalipsi tou eixe ypostei zimies arketes fores apo seismous, eisvoleis, kathos kai to 1450 pX apo tin gigantiaia ekriksi tou yfaisteiou tis Thiras, kathos kai apo tous Mykinaikous eisvoleis, oi opoioi xrisimopoiisan tin Knosso os tin proteyousa tis kyriarxias tous pano stin Kriti mexri to 1375 pX.

O Arthour Evans, O bretanos arxaiologos pou pragmatopoiise tis anaskafes to 1900 mX anastilose megala meri tou palatiou me enan tropo o opoios mas kanei na ektimisoume tin megaloprepeia kai polyplokotita enos ktismatos to opoio ekselixthike mesa apo arketes xilieties kai megalose toso oso na katalamvanei ena xoro 20,000 tetragonikon metron. Perpatontas mesa apo ta polyploka kai poly-orofa ktiria katalavainei kaneis ton logo gia ton opoion to palati tis Knossou einai syndedemeno me ton mythologiko lavyrintho.

Plirofories Kryptis : H krytpi vrisketai se mikri apostasi apo tin Knosso gia na apofeygontai ta megala plithi. Einai krymmeni sto faraggi tis Agias Eirinis, peripou 2 km notia apo to palati tis Knossou. Episis, stin perioxi tha vreite ena romaiko ydragogeio kathos kai tin mikri ekklisia tis Agias Eirinis.

Bgeite apo ton kyrio dromo edo: N35 17.091 E025 09.917 kai mporeite na parkarete edo: N35 16.952 E025 09.949 Apo edo einai mono liga metra mexri tin krypti. H krypti periexei mono ena logbook (den yparxei stylo i molyvi, opote na exete diko sas) kathos kai mia kryfi erotisi. Prepei na mas steilete minima me tin apantisi stin kryfi erotisi gia na theorisoume egkyri tin eyresi tis kryptis. Sas parakaloume na min parete mazi sas to xarti me tin kryfi erotisi. Afiste to mesa stin krypti. Episis, na thymaste tin apantisi sas se autin tin erotisi dioti mporei na sas xrisimeysei stin eyresi allon krypton autis tis seiras.
Kali tyxi kai kalo Geocaching!

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Rknzvar gur fubeg fvqr bs gur fgbar jnyy

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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