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Kafkuv hrob / Kafka's grave

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Hidden : 02/25/2008
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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[CZ] Franz Kafka (1883 – 1924), celosvetove znamy prazsky spisovatel zidovskeho puvodu, jeden z literarne nejvlivnejsich a nejocenovanejsich spisovatelu 20. stoleti.

[EN]Franz Kafka (1883 – 1924) was one of the major German-language fiction writers of the 20th century. His unique body of writing - much of which is incomplete and was published posthumously - is among the most influential in Western literature.


FRANZ KAFKA

 

[CZ]

Narodil se a zil v Praze, v rodine zidovskeho velkoobchodníka s galanterii Hermanna Kafky a Julie Kafkove, rozene Löwyove; mel dva bratry, Georga a Heinricha, ale oba zemreli v detském veku, a tri sestry, Elli, Valli a Ottlu, vsechny byly pozdeji obetmi nacistickeho teroru a zemrely v koncentracnich taborech. Se svym otcem nevychazel dobre, coz ovlivnilo nejen jeho detstvi, ale i dílo – citil se osamoceny, bezmocny. Po Praze se priblizne 14krat stehovali. To vyvolavalo v Kafkovi smisene pocity k tomuto mestu. Kafkova materstina byla nemcina, ale hovoril take cesky a castecne francouzsky. Ackoli byl Zid, neumel hebrejsky. Teprve az v poslednim roce zivota se zacal hebrejstinu ucit.

Dílo
Za nejdulezitejsi Kafkovy prace jsou vseobecne povazovany romany Proces, Nezvestný (tez zvany Amerika), Zamek a povidka Promena. Stezejni cast Kafkova dila byla za jeho zivota temer neznama, publikoval jen nekolik kratkych povidek. Proslulosti dosahl Kafka az po sve smrti, zejmena po 2. svetove valce, a dnes patri ke klasikum literatury 20. stoleti a jednem z nejvetsich inovatoru romanove formy vypraveni. V jeho dile se projevuje jeho osobni dusevni rozpolcenost; pocit vyrazenosti a izolovanosti jsou dulezitymi motivy jeho tvorby. Kafka byl silne psychicky nestandardni osobnost a sve tryznive a desive vnitrní vize promital do tvorby.

Hlavni temata, ktera Kafku zajimala a doslova vzrusovala byla: moc, výkon moci a její dopad na poddane osoby, a jedinec uprostred tohoto vseho.

Kafkovi vlastnim stylem je misty až neuveritelne podivne humorne liceni, jez neni ale nijak komentovano, kdy autor patrne bavil predevsim sam sebe. Dalsim podstatnym rysem Kafkova stylu je zaliba, touha byt ponizovan (vubec nejdulezitejsi rys), jeho hrdinove se take prave predmetem ponizovani stavaji. Nicmene vse je nazirano ironicky, s osobitym humorem autora. Chmurnost jeho pribehu vyplyva z ukonceni, ktera jsou zpravidla tragicka, bezvychodna, nepotesujici. Kafka timto pouze odrázel stav okolo sebe a v romanovem svete svych postav tento pocit pouze prehanel a dovadel do temnych dusledku.

 

[EN]

Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the capital of Bohemia (now the Czech Republic). He was the eldest of six children. He had two younger brothers, Georg and Heinrich, who died before Kafka was seven, and three younger sisters, Elli, Valli, and Ottla. Kafka's sisters all perished in German concentration camps.

None of Kafka's novels was printed during his lifetime, and it was only with reluctance that he published a fraction of his shorter fiction. This fiction included Meditation (1913; Eng. trans., 1949), a collection of short prose pieces; The Judgment (1913; Eng. trans., 1945), a long short story, written in 1912, which Kafka himself considered his decisive breakthrough (it tells of a rebellious son condemned to suicide by his father); and The Metamorphosis (1915; Eng. trans., 1961), dealing again with the outsider, a son who suffers the literal and symbolic transformation into a huge, repulsive, fatally wounded insect. In the Penal Colony (1919; Eng. trans., 1961) is a parable of a torture machine and its operators and victims--equally applicable to a person's inner sense of law, guilt, and retribution and to the age of World War I. The Country Doctor (1919; Eng. trans., 1946) was another collection of short prose. At the time of his death Kafka was also preparing A Hunger Artist (1924; Eng. trans., 1938), four stories centering on the artist's inability either to negate or come to terms with life in the human community.

Contrary to Kafka's halfhearted instruction that his unprinted manuscripts be destroyed after his death, his friend Max Brod set about publishing them and thus became the architect of his belated fame. The best known of the posthumous works are three fragmentary novels. The Trial (1925; Eng. trans., 1937) deals with a man persecuted and put to death by the inscrutable agencies of an unfathomable court of law. The Castle (1926; Eng. trans., 1930) describes the relentless but futile efforts of the protagonist to gain recognition from the mysterious authorities ruling (from their castle) the village where he wants to establish himself. Amerika (1927; Eng. trans., 1938), written early in Kafka's career, portrays the inconclusive struggle of a young immigrant to gain a foothold in an alien, incomprehensible country. In all of these works, as indeed in most of Kafka's mature prose, the lucid, concise style forms a striking contrast to the labyrinthine complexities, the anxiety-laden absurdities, and the powerfully oppressive symbols of torment and anomie that are the substance of the writer's vision. Kafka's fiction, somewhat like ink-blot tests, elicits and defeats attempts at conclusive explanation. Practically every school of modern criticism has produced a corpus of interpretations. Kafka's own aphorisms, however, may come the closest to offering a key.



NOVY ZIDOVSKY HRBITOV / NEW JEWISH CEMETERY

Pro ty, co nevidi obrazek nahore / For those, who can't see the picture above:

Oteviraci doba / Opening hours

Nedele / Sunday - Ctvrtek / Thurstday: 9:00 - 16:00
Patek / Friday: 9:00 - 14:00
Sobota a zidovske svatky/ Saturday and jewish holidays: Zavreno / Closed
Posledni vstup 30 minut pred zavrenim. / Last admission 30 minutes before closing time.

 

[CZ]

Byl zalozen v roce 1891, kdyz doslouzil Stary zidovsky hrbitov v dnesní Fibichove ulici. Byl proponovan pro cca 100 000 hrobu, tedy asi na jedno století. Svou rozlohou je vice nez 10 x vetsi nez Stary zidovsky hrbitov v Josefove. Obradni sin s dustojnou modlitebnou, dum ocisty pro pohrebni obrady, budovy spravní a pomocne i ochranna zed kolem hrbitova byly zbudovany v tehdejsim vladnoucim stavebnim slohu - v novorenesanci. Obradni sin navrhl architekt Bedrich Münzberger. Hrbitov byl od pocatku radne rozdelem na hrbitovni pole, ktera byla postupne zaplnovana hroby, takze prochazka hrbitovem je i prehledem jednotlivych po sobe jdoucich slohu hrobek a pamatniku mrtvych: od novogotiky pres novorenesanci, prazskou a videnskou secesi, pres klasicismus, purismus a konstruktivismus az k soucasnosti. Na hrbitove se pohrbiva dodnes. Mnohe umelecky hodnotne nahrobky jsou dily prednich ceskych socharu a architektu - Jana Kotery, Josefa Zasche, Josefa Fanty, Cenka Vosmika aj.

Ve stredu hrbitova u hlavni aleje je pole venovane pracovnikum zidovskych nabozenskych obci a dalsich vyznamnych cinitelu, pri vstupu na hrbitov je misto pro cestne hroby vyznamnych rabinu jako napr. dr. Nathan Ehrenfeld nebo dr. Gustav Sicher a take pamatnik Patria, pamatnik zanikle dolnokralovicke obce ve tvaru obycejneho balvanu a Pamatnik obeti 1. svetove valky z r. 1926 ve tvaru obdelneho kvadru vsazeneho do dvou obdelnikovych podstavcu. Podel vychodni hrbitovni zdi jsou nakladne rodinne hrobky, napr. vyznamnych podnikatelskych rodin Petschku a Waldesu. Waldesovska hrobka je zdobena dvema reliefnimi bustami - poslednim dilem Josefa Vaclava Myslbeka.

Odpociva zde take napr. spisovatel Ota Pavel, v urnovem haji napr. basnik Jiri Orten. Hrbitov ma zvlastni povoleni provozovat urnovy hyj, prestoze zidovska tradice zakazuje kremace mrtvych. Teto moznosti vyuzivaji zejmena smisena manzelstvi.

Novy zidovsky hrbitov v Praze 3 je jako celek zapsan mezi chranene kulturni pamatky.

 

[EN]

The New Jewish Cemetery in Prague 3 is a preserved cultural monument as a whole ; due to its character, disposition and a hundred-year excellent administration supported by a considerable role the Hevra Kaddisha (burial society) played in Prague's Jewish community. The Hevra Kaddisha saw to it that graves were established in cemetery lots both chronologically and in accordance with the family's wish and significance which played its natural and social roles even at the moment of death in the bourgeois society. The Hevra Kaddisha also saw to it that inscriptions on tombstones were truthful and testifying to the buried person's character.

Since its establishment in 1891, the cemetery has been surrounded by the wall protecting the space for some 100.000 graves, i. e. for about one century. There were also structures built in the building style that prevailed in Prague in those times - neo-Renaissance. It is the style of the funeral parlor with a respectable hall of prayer, and adjacent rooms needed for the ritual preparation of the burial ; as well as the administration building including the cemetery caretaker's office and his and gravediggers' apartments, and other structures such as a storehouse of wood used to make coffins. Since the very beginning, the cemetery has been properly divided in lots which were gradually used as graves ; and a walk around the cemetery also gives an idea of the styles in which the tombs were built. The cemetery is situated on a hill sloped from the north down to the south and from the west down to the east, in a basin in its southeastern part where a columbary with its own funeral parlor was added in the 20s. Originally, it was completely separated and now it is connected with the main cemetery by means of passageways. The division of the cemetery suggested a significant architecture of tombstones for the graves situated at the corner of individual lots as well as the graves situated near main alleys - particularly in the alley were a burial procession walked from the funeral parlor down to the grave. The New Jewish Cemetery which will never be completely filled with graves because the devastating blast of Nazism exterminated those who could and should have rested here one day, is a homogenous architectural monument.

Zdroj/Source: Internet

 

CACHE

[CZ]

Uvedene souradnice vas dovedou pred hrob Franze Kafky. Priblizne za nim se nachazi pomerne velky hrob rodiny Margoliusovych.

A = posledni cislice v roce narozeni Karoliny
B = posledni cislice v roce narozeni Salomouna
C = posledni cislice v roce narozeni Rudolfa

50° 4.(B + C - 2)(B * C + 4)
14° 28.(A + C + 1)(B - A - 1)(B - C - 3)

Dosazenim do uvedeneho vzorce ziskate souradnice hrobu Emila Lederera. Pokud vam vychazeji zaporna cisla, tak se jeste jednou zamyslete, kolik let bylo Karoline a Salomounovi, kdyz umreli. 

D = posledni cislice v roce umrti Emila

Dosazenim do nasledujiciho vzorce ziskate finalni souradnice. 

50° 4.(D - A - 1)(D + 1)(C - 1)
14° 28.(D - C + 1)(B + 1)(D + 1)


[EN]

Coordinates above will direct you in front of Franz Kafka's grave. There is a relatively big grave of Margolius family approximately behind Kafka's grave.

A = last numeral in year of birth of Karolina
B = last numeral in year of birth of Salomoun
C = last numeral in year of birth of Rudolfa

50° 4.(B + C - 2)(B * C + 4)
14° 28.(A + C + 1)(B - A - 1)(B - C - 3)

Now you have a coordinates of grave of Emil Lederer. If in the result are negative numbers, think again how old was Karolina and Salomoun when they died. (The translation of the sign is: He died on February 17th 1924 in 78th year of his life.)

D = last numeral in year of death of Emil

And here are the final coordinates. 

50° 4.(D - A - 1)(D + 1)(C - 1)
14° 28.(D - C + 1)(B + 1)(D + 1)

 


Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[CZ] Fgebzbin qhgvan
[EN] Gerr pnivgl

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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