The White Tower (Lefkos Pyrgos) is a monument and museum on the waterfront of the city of Thessaloniki and it has been adopted as the symbol of the city.
The present tower dates from the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (1520–66). There was an older tower on the same site, probably built by French knights during the period of the Latin Empire in Constantinople. The Tower was used by the Ottomans successively as a fort, garrison and a prison. In 1826, at the order of the Sultan Mahmud II, there was a massacre of the prisoners in the Tower. Owing to the "countless victims of Ottoman torturers and executioners", the tower acquired the name "Tower of Blood" or "The Red Tower", which it kept until the end of the 19th century.
The Tower was for centuries part of the walls of the old city of Thessaloniki (known as Selanik by the Ottomans), and separated the Jewish quarter of the city from the cemeteries of the Muslims and Jews. The city walls were demolished in 1866. When Thessaloniki was annexed from the Ottoman Empire to the Greek State during the Balkan War of 1912, the tower was whitewashed as a symbolic gesture of cleansing, and acquired its present name. King George I of Greece was assassinated not far from the White Tower in March 1913.
The Tower is now a buff colour but has retained the name White Tower.
It now stands on Thessaloniki's waterfront boulevard, Nikis (Victory) Street.
It houses a Byzantine museum and is one of the city's leading tourist attractions.
The Tower is under the administration of the Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities of the Greek Ministry of Culture.
Hope you enjoy this place and the scenic view.
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