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Jerlin Japonsky v Zatci / Styphnolobium in Zatec

A cache by lizatko Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 7/18/2008
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


Jerlin Japonsky v Zatci / Styphnolobium in Zatec


cesky:

Jednim z pamatnych stromu nachazejicich se na uzemi mesta Zatce je Jerlin Japonsky (lat. Sophora Japonica L.). Nalezt jej muzete mezi ulicemi Lidicka a Studentska u sportovniho arealu Mladi. Tento uctyhodny strom byl prohlasen za pamatny Okresnim narodnim vyborem v Lounech dne 14. zari 1989 pro svuj mohutny vzrust, tj. vysku 18m, obvod kmene 275 cm ve vysce kmene 1,3m a stari 120 let. Ochranne pasmo je vymezeno obvodem koruny.

Popis
Koruna stromu, rychle rostoucich a dorustajicich vysky 15, vyjimecne az 25 m, je obvykle siroce kulovita, o prumeru 30 az 40 m. Existuji vsak valcovite kultivary (napr. Columnaris, Fastigiata nebo Princeton Upright), které maji mensi sirku nez vysku.
Strom ma sedohnedou kuru s vystouplymi hrebeny. Povrch mladsich vetvi a vyhonku je olivove zeleny.
Slozene listy jsou lichozperene, 12 az 15 cm dlouhe, se 7 az 17 listky podlouhle eliptickymi, vejcitymi az vejcite kopinatymi, 2 az 5 cm dlouhe a 1 az 2 cm siroke, na vrchu tmavozelene nebo sedozelene, na spodni strane svetle zelen
Kvetenstvi vytvari koncove laty dlouhe az 30 cm, tvorene velkym mnozstvim (az 80) drobnymi kvitky.
Jednotlive oboupohlavni motylokvete kvitky jsou slonovinove bile az zlutobile, drobne, 2 az 4 mm dlouhe, slabe vonici. Jsou hmyzosprasne.
Kvete v cervenci az srpnu. V Evrope kvetou obvykle teprve jedinci starsi priblizne 15 let.
Plod je stopkaty valcovity lusk, 5 az 7(20) cm dlouhy, duznaty, obsahujici jedno az pet tmavohnedych az cernych zplostenych elipsoidnich semen o rozmerech 7-9 mm x 4-5 x 3-3,5 mm. Semena jsou dobre kliciva.

Areal rozsireni
Puvodni areal rozsireni zahrnuje oblasti Dalneho vychodu, predevsim Ciny (pres druhove jmeno neni tento druh v Japonsku puvodni, ale je tam zavleceny); pestovanim jako okrasny strom se rozsiril do mirneho pasu celeho sveta. V Evrope je znam a pestovan od 18. stol., v Cesku od roku 1835.

Stanoviste
Vyzaduje slunne stanoviste s dostatkem vlahy a zivin, nesnasi vsak zamokrene tezke pudy. Dospele stromy vydrzi i silne mrazy do ?25 °C; mlade semenacky vsak muze mraz poskodit, proto je dobre je predpestovavat nejmene 2 roky ve sklenicich. Je velmi odolny proti znecistenemu prostredi vcetne zasoleni pudy a proto se v soucasne dobe pouziva i jako okrasny strom v mestskych stromoradich. Po zakoreneni snasi i dele trvajici sucho.

Obsahové latky
Jerlin obsahuje jedovaty cytisin, ktery muze zpusobit nevolnosti. Je vyznamnym zdrojem rutinu, obsazenym v listech a zejmena v nezralych semenicich (az 40 %). Semena obsahuji skrob.

Pouziti
Pestuje se jako okrasny strom v zahradach a parcich jednak pro svuj vzhled ale i pro pekne kvetenstvi. Je medonosnou rostlinou a umoznuje hnizdeni ptactva.
Drevo je pevne a tvrde a v oblasti sveho puvodu se uziva jako stavebni material.
Prestoze obsahuje cytisin, na Dalnem vychode se kvety a mlade listky pouzivaji k priprave caje, vzhledem k velkemu obsahu rutinu. Listy, predem nekolikrat sparene, se ve vychodni kuchyni uzivaji podobne jako spenat.
V cinskem lekarstvi patri jerlin k 50 nejvyznamnejsim lecivym rostlinam. Uziva se jako antibakterialni, protizanetlivy, antispasmaticky , procistovaci, a protihorecnaty prostredek, jako diuretikum, laxativum, hypotensyvum a abortivum. Odvar z listu zvlácnuje a zvlhcuje kuzi a snizuje krvacivost, jak z povrchovych ran, tak pri vnitrnim krvaceni, pomaha tez pri lecbe epileptickych zachvatu a vseobecne k uvolnovani kreci. Odvar z dreva se pouziva k leceni nezidu a hemoroidu.
V minulosti kvety a zejmena lusky byly zdrojem prirodniho zluteho barviva.

Zdroj: www.wikipedia.cz

english:

ATTENTION, you can only get to the cache by the street Studentska. Please, pay an attention when you are logging.

Styphnolobium is one of memorable trees located in Zatec. You can find him between streets Lidicka and Studentska near sport stadium Mladi. This respectable tree was proclamated as memorable in 14th September 1989 for its mighty growth, hight: 18 m, perimeter of the trunk: 275 cm, age 120 years. The zone of protection is formed by perimeter of the treetop.

Description
Styphnolobium is a small genus of three or four species of small trees and shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae, formerly included within a broader interpretation of the genus Sophora. The species of Styphnolobium differ from Sophora in lacking the ability to form symbioses with rhizobia (nitrogen fixing bacteria) on their roots. They also differ from the related genus Calia (mescalbeans) in having deciduous leaves and flowers in axillary, not terminal, racemes. The leaves are pinnate, with 9-21 leaflets, and the flowers in pendulous racemes similar to those of the Black locust.


Species
Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, the Pagoda Tree (Chinese Scholar, Japanese pagodatree; syn. Sophora japonica), is native to eastern Asia (mainly China; despite the name, it is introduced in Japan), is a popular ornamental tree in Europe, North America and South Africa, grown for its white flowers, borne in late summer after most other flowering trees have long finished flowering. It grows into a lofty tree 10-20 m tall with an equal spread, and produces a fine, dark brown timber.

Uses
The Pagoda Tree is widely used in bonsai gardening. The Guilty Chinese Scholartree was a historic Pagoda Tree in Beijing, on which the last emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Chongzhen, hanged himself.
S. japonica is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Source: www.wikipedia.com



Kes je zarazena do serie vyznamne stromy/Cache is included in series Memorable trees

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[cesky:] znyr cvib arzn fnapv
[english:]fubeg zna unf ab punapr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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