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1. vimperska cache - Cerna brana

A cache by vojt@, milvon, filda4 Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 7/10/2008
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

Krátká procházka pod Vimperským zámkem
Kurzer Spaziergang unterhalb vom Schloss in Vimperk.
Short walk to Vimperk Castle.

Po zaparkovani na N 49°03.185 E 13°46.345 v blizkosti pekne cukrarny jdete po cervene kolem gymnazia smerem k Vimperskamu zamku.
Zvlastni starobyly puvab a pridech stredoveke touhy po obrane pred drsnym svetem propujcuje Vimperku jeho mimoradne dochovale mestske opevneni. Pravo k jeho vybudovani ziskal v roce 1479 spolu s povysenim Vimperka na mesto Petr Kaplir ze Sulevic od ceskeho krale Vladislava Jagellonskeho a sidliste na Zlate stezce tak sevrel pas hradeb v dobe, kdy stale dokonalejsi palne zbrane zacinaly stredovekym opevnenim zvonit umiracek. To vsak nic nezmenilo na skutecnosti, ze obraz Vimperka jako malebneho mesta v krasnem prirodnim ramci se uzavrel do neobycejne a ucelene pusobivosti. Mestske opevneni navazalo na opevneni hradu a venec hradeb doplnily basty a ctyri brany, z nichz tou dolni pod namestim vyjizdely soumarske karavany po Zlate stezce do Pasova.
Silu a odolnost mestskych hradeb mohlo na pocatku tricetilete valky proverit dvoji oblehani Vimperka stridave stavovskym a cisarskym vojskem (1619 a 1620), ale neproverilo. Obranci mesta se totiz vzdy po kratkem boji vzdali a hradby tak zustali zachovany. Tehdejsimu modernimu delostrelectvu by ostatne ani odolat nemohly. Dalsim prekotnym vyvojem se potom stredoveka opevneni rychle menila z vojenskeho obranneho prostredku v prekazku dalsiho rozvoje mest a ta, ktera prezila masove bourani v 19. stoleti, v soucasnou turistickou atrakci.
Vimperk mel stesti a uchoval si vice ci mene dochovaly pas hradeb po celem obvodu stredovekeho mesta (s vyjimkou nekolika useku na zapadni strane), sest bast a vezovitou tzv. Cernou branu pod hradem

Cache je umistena u kamennych schodu pred Cernou branou. Je treba odlakat pozornost mudlu prochazejicich kolem napriklad tim, ze se na schody posadite.

In: 2 karabiny, hrací kostka, LED lampicka, mušlicka.



You can parking on N 49°03.185 E 13°46.345

The exceptionally well-preserved tlen walls give Vimperk a special old-time charm marked with the mediaeval desire for a safe haven from the harsh outer world.The right to build fortifications was gained in 1479 ,along with town-status , by Petr Kaplir of Sulevice from the Czech King Vladislav of Jagellon.The settlement situated on the Gold Trail was consequently enclosed into a belt of walls at a time when the rapid improvement in firearms was beginnin to mark the twilight of medivaeval fortification. All of this cannot change the fact that the construction of the walls added to the picturesqueness of Vimperk, creating the impression of a neat ,compact unit set in beautiful natural scenery. The town walls were essentially an extension to the castle fortification , and the defence system was reinforced with bastions and four gates. The one below the square was used by caravans of pack animals leaving the tow on their way to Passau along the Gold Trail.

The test of the fortifications could have come at the onset of the Thirty Years´ War ,when Vimperk was successively besieged by the army of the Estates and that of the Emperor (in 1619 and 1620),but it did not.The defenders surrendered after a short battle on both occasions, preserving the walls, which could not have survived bombardment by modern artillery of those times.In the centuries to come town walls changed from being a military means of defence into a barrier to the rapid growth of the towns, and those that survived the 19th-century mass demolition ,into a tourist attraction. Vimperk was lucky to have retained a more or less well-preserved circle of walls all around (with the exception of a few sections in the west), six bastions and the tower-like Black Gate below the castle.

The Cache is placed on stone stairs close near the Black Gate. Keep watch for muggels!

Additional Hints (No hints available.)



 

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