Budapest Jewish Quarter and WWII Ghetto
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The cache has been adopted, but it has been revived in format (password collecting) what is not allowed in Geocaching.com. So it is half legged now: available on geocaching.hu, and although you can find the real cache, there is no chance to show the area on this way.
I invite you a 4km/2.5ml urban walk within the area of former Budapest Jewish Quarter and Ghetto of the Second World War.
The area of the former ghetto consisted of several blocks of the old Jewish quarter. The Nazi occupation of Budapest took place in March 1944, and the ghetto was established in December 2, 1944. It lasted for 47 days, until January 17, 1945, the liberation of Budapest by the Soviet Army.
As with other ghettos that had been set up in other parts of Nazi-occupied Europe the area was completely cut off from the outside world. It was surrounded by a high fence and stone wall that was guarded. No food was allowed in, rubbish and waste were not collected, the dead lay or piled up on the streets (primarily on Klazuál square). The buildings were overcrowded.
From occupation to liberation the Jewish population of Budapest was reduced from 200,000 to 70,000 in the ghetto, and about 20,000 housed in specially marked houses outside the ghetto having been granted diplomatic protection by neutral politicians, including Raoul Wallenberg, who issued Protective Passports on behalf of the Swedish Legation, and Carl Lutz, who did the same via the Swiss Government. Of those that were deported (most of them to a concentration camp on the Austrian border), the vast majority were liberated by the advancing Red Army.
Source : Wikipedia
I’d like to guide you between the main sights of this area. The route takes you along the borders of the former ghetto, and it shows you the inner area as well.
Although not all of these sights and streets are nice, they have historical value and role.
The last non-demolished section of the ghetto walls is situated in the backyard of Kiraly street 15. (Please note that it is in a private property.) It is an old stone wall made use by the Nazis in 1944 adding a line of barbed wire. The walls of the ghetto were typically older structures found on the area. A memorial wall was erected in the garden of Great Synagogue.
Ghetto Memorial Tablet
For the memory of the victims of the ghetto.
The Gozsdu Court
The Gozsdu-udvar is a house-lined passage with interconnected courtyards. The complex was originally built at the turn of the century and is the legacy of a 19th-century Romanian lawyer Manó Gozsdu (Emmanuel Gojdu). In his will he left his fortune to the Romanian community in Transylvania and Hungary. Today there are shops, luxury flats and its courts are open for pedestrian crossing. One part of passage is closed, as (re)construction works continue.
Rumbach street Synagogue
The Orthodox synagogue in Rumbach Street was built in 1872 to the design of the Viennese architect Otto Wagner. The Moorish Revival synagogue has eight sides and while the interior is badly in need of restoration, the octagonal, balconied, domed synagogue intricately patterened and painted in Islamic style is exquisitely beautiful. It was built not as an exact replica of, but as an homage to the style of the octagonal, domed Dome of the Rock Muslim shrine in Jerusalem.
Carl Lutz memorial
Carl Lutz (b. Walzenhausen, 30 March 1895; d. Berne,12 February 1975) was the Swiss Vice-Consul in Budapest from 1942 until the end of World War II. He helped save the lives of 65.000 of Jews from deportation to Nazi Extermination camps during the Holocaust. He was awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1965. This statue was erected in 1991 at the entrance to the former ghetto.
Raoul Wallenberg Holocaust Memorial Park
The Raoul Wallenberg Emlékpark (memory park) in the rear courtyard holds the Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs — at least 400,000 Hungarian Jews were murdered by the Nazis. Made by Imre Varga, it resembles a weeping willow whose leaves bear inscriptions with the names of victims. There is also a memorial to Wallenberg and other Righteous Among the Nations.
Dohány Street Synagogue
There is a virtual cache. See here: http://coord.info/GCH50Z
Museum of Electronics
The relics of heavy-current electronics can be seen on the permanent exhibitions of the museum. Generation and distribution of current, illuminating engineering, household and medical appliances. Electrification of the railway. The Ganz factory in the golden age of the Hungarian electronics. Guidance in Hungarian and foreign languages. Temporary exhibitions.
Fészek Artists' Club
This is a very unique clubhouse, as it is a home for all kind of art. Fészek means nest, but it is an acronym. F for festok/limmers; É for építészek/architects; S for szobrászok/sculptors; Z for zenészek/musicians; E for énekesek/Singers; K for komédiások/comedians.
The club has been founded in 1901. The building was bought from only donations. It was ruined by bombs during WWII, but quickly reconstructed from donations again. Although its shine faded a bit by the times, it is still the significant place of the professional arts.
Kazinczy street Synagouge
The synagogue was built in 1913 to the design of the Loeffler brothers. It quickly became religious and cultural centre of the orthodox jew community. The building and its interior were damaged during the WWII, but it was restored after, and served the community well. Today the building is closed, as its state is „dangerous”.
Market Hall of Klauzal square
At the end of the 19th century the city had five large, roofed markets all of which were built in a very similar style. All five were opened on the same day. This is the Number 3 Market Hall. The structure, the lighting and the coldstore were very modern in their time. It can be visited, however its curiosity faded as it became a supermarket.
About the cache The cache has been adopted, but it is revived in form (password collecting) what is not allowed in Geocaching.com.
So it is half legged now: available on geocaching.hu, and although you can find a real cache, there is no chance to show the area on this way.
I suggest to follow the original stages, and visit the sights on way, and log in the cache.
The starting point is very near to the northern corner of the Ghetto. It is easily accessible by public transportation, from “Oktogon” station of subway (Metro line 1), or “Király-utca” stop of tramway 6 or 4. Though you can find parking places, I do not suggest coming with car. Parking fees can be high, and the traffic is usually bad here around.
(No hints available.)