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Marienhausen castle ruins

A cache by mediamasterLV & apelsiinmeiteneLV Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 07/02/2009
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size:   small (small)

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Geocache Description:


Pilsdrupas / Castle ruins

[LAT]
1293. g. Rigas arhibiskaps Johanns de Fehte uzdeva cisterciesu mukiem uz Vilakas ezera salas uzbuvet nocietinatu klosteri. Kad celtniecibas darbi sakas, pagaidam vestures avoti kluse, tacu, domajams, 14. gs. klosteris jau bija uzbuvets. Sakotneji ta bija tikai cetrsturaina no laukakmeniem buveta eka, kuru sargaja ezera udeni un 8 m plats un 2 m dzils aizsarggravis.

16. gs., kad Livonijas austrumu robezas saka apdraudet Maskavas knaza augosa vara, Marienhauzenas klosteri 1509. – 1516. g. nacas parveidot stipra cietoksni. Papildus vecajai klostera ekai uzbuveja 3 apalus t.s. lielgabalu tornus. Cietoksni ar ezera krastu savienoja palu tilts, kuru nepieciesamibas gadijuma vareja daleji nojaukt.

Livonijas kara laika Rigas arhibiskaps Vilhelms par militaro atbalstu Marienhauzenu iekilaja Polijai. 1560. g. pili apmetas polu un lietuviesu garnizons. 1577. gada pie Vilakas ezera nonaca pats krievu cars Ivans Briesmigais (Ivans IV) un pili ienema, tacu krievi seit nenostiprinajas. Driz pec Polijas karala Stefana Batorija rikojuma pili atkal atjaunoja. 1582. g. Marienhauzena kluva par vietejas karala dominijas – Vilakas starastijas – centru.

Ziemelu kara krievi pili parverta drupas. 1713. gada par starastu kluva Konstantins Hilzens. Vins cietoksni neatjaunoja, bet Vilakas ezera krasta lika pamatus muizai.

2020.gada 9.oktobri tika atklats Latvija garakais pontonu tilts, kurs savieno salu ar ezera krastu taja pat vieta, kur savulaik atradas vesturiskais palu tilts. Lidz ar to slepnis no T5 kluvis par T2.

Detalizetaka info par pildrupam ir seit.

Valsts nozimes arheologijas piemineklis nr. 2869. Apmekletaji un to celabiedri tiek aicinati iztureties saudzigi, ar kulturas vertibai atbilstosu cienu. Par pieminekla tisu vai netisu bojasanu tiek piemerota administrativa atbildiba.

Objekts atrodas pierobezas josla, kur ir speka pierobezas joslas rezima papildu kartiba.



[ENG]
In the year 1293 Archbishop of Riga Johann de Fehte asked Cistercian monks to build on the island of the Vilaka lake a fortificated monastery. When construction work started, historical sources are quiet yet, but, presumably, in 14th century monastery had already been built. Initially it was only a quadrilateral building from stones, secured by the lake water and 8 m wide and 2 m deep ditch.

In 16th century, when the eastern borders of Livonia were endangered by Moscow Tsars ascending power, in the years 1509 - 1516 Marienhausen monastery was transformed to a strong fortress. In addition to the old monastery building there were built three round so-called gun towers. Fortress was connected to the lake shore by pile bridge, which could be partially disassembled, if necessary.

During Livonian War Archbishop of Riga Wilhelm pledged Marienhausen castle to Poland for military support. In the year 1560 castle was colonized by Polish and Lithuanian garrison. In the year 1577 Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV) came to the Vilaka lake and occupied the castle, but the Russians did not hold this place. Soon after, ordered by the King Stefan Batory, the castle was restored once again. In the year 1582 Marienhausen became the Center of local King dominion called Vilakas starastija.

During Northern War the Russians turned the castle into ruins. In the year 1713 Konstantin Hilzen became new starasts (governor) of Vilaka. He did not restore the fortress, but set a new manor on Vilaka lake shore.

On October 9, 2020 the longest pontoon bridge in Latvia was opened between the island and the lake shore in the place of original pile bridge. Therefore the cache was transformed from T5 to T2.

More detailed info about castle ruins is here.

National Archaeological Monument no. 2869. Visitors and their travelling companions are encouraged to behave carefully, with appropriate respect for cultural value. Intentional or inadvertent tampering on the monument is applied by administrative responsibility.

Object is located in borderland, where additional borderland order is valid.




Ezers / Lake

[LAT]
Vilakas ezers ir gandriz 2 km gars un ap 1 km plats glacialas (ledaju) izcelsmes saldudens ezers, orientets ziemelu-dienvidu virziena. Udenstilpnes platiba 1,38 km^2, videjais dzilums 3,2 m, lielakais dzilums 5,6 m, bet krasta linijas garums 6,2 km. Ledus sega parsvara sak veidoties novembra 3. dekade, bet izzud aprila 2. un 3. dekade. Ezera centralaja dala atrodas 1,8 ha liela sala, apaugusi ar kokiem, starp kuriem redzami pilsdrupu fragmenti.

Ezera gultni veido malaina smilts ar akmeniem, vietam izveidojies dunu slanis. Ezera ietek Meirupite un no ta iztek Vedzupite (Vezupite). Krasti parsvara ir lezeni, ziemelu puse zemi, dienvidu puse - stavaki. Ziemelu un austrumu puse stipri apaugusi ar kokiem un krumiem. Ezera dienvidu krasta atrodas pilsetnieku iecienita peldvieta, bet austrumu krasta – viesu nams Zivsalas. Seit iespejama ari laivu noma. Ezeru aptver meldru un niedru josla un taja aug lepes, udensrozes, glivenes un haras. Udenos mit lidakas, asari, raudas, plauzi un kisi. Ezera ieplust biologiski attiriti pilsetas notekudeni.

[ENG]
Vilaka lake is almost 2 km long and about 1 km wide glacial (ice) origin freshwater lake, oriented into north-south direction. Water area 1.38 km^2, average depth 3.2 m, maximal depth 5.6 m and the shore line length 6.2 km. Ice occurs predominantly 3rd decade of November and disappears 2nd and 3rd decade of April. In central part of lake is located 1.8 ha large island, covered with trees, among which you can see castle ruins.

The lake bed consists of clayey sand with stones, partly observed sludge layer. Into the lake flows river Meirupite and from the lake flows river Vedzupite (Vezupite). Coasts are predominantly flat, on the north side - low, on the south side - steeper. North and east side are heavily covered by trees and bushes. In the south coast is located city favorite beach, in the east coast - guest house Zivsalas. Here you can also rent a boat. Lake covers rushy and reed band, there grows spatterdocks, water lilies, pondweeds and stoneworts. In the water live pikes, perches, roaches, breams and ruffs. Into the lake flows biologically treated urban wastewater.



[LAT]
Informacija sagatavota, izmantojot Leontinas Maksimovas gramatu „Vilaka un tas laudis gadsimtu celos” (ISBN 9984290026)

[ENG]
Information prepared using Leontina Maksimova book "Vilaka and their people through century ways" (ISBN 9984290026)

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[LAT] cvr fnxarz gerwtnyinvanz chxvz
[ENG] ng gur ebbgf bs guerr-urnqrq qentba

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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