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Koknese Castle Ruins

A cache by vvida Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 07/02/2009
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size:   micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:

[ENG] Cache is placed in Koknese's castle ruins.
[LAT] Sleepnis ir novietots Koknese pilsdrupaas.

[ENG] Cache itself is a 35mm film canister.
[LAT] Konteineris ir 35mm fotofilminjas kaarbinja.

[ENG] Koknese Castle (Latvian: Kokneses pils) is a complex in Koknese, Latvia, dating from the 13th century. The castle was situated on a high bluff overlooking the Daugava river valley. In 1965 a hydroelectric dam was built downriver, creating a reservoir that partially submerged the castle and flooded the surrounding valley.

Before the arrival of the Teutonic Knights, Koknese was the site of a wooden hill fort inhabited by the Balts. In 1209 Bishop Albert of Riga ordered the construction of a stone castle at the site, naming it Kokenhusen. For the first 50 years of its existence, Koknese was solely used as a defensive fort, but by 1277, Koknese had enough population to receive city rights. Koknese also became a member of the Hanseatic League thanks to its strategic location on the Daugava trade route.

The castle was heavily contested between Polish, Swedish and Russian forces in the 16th and 17th centuries. It changed hands many times, while the native inhabitants endured periodic slaughter, capture, and famine. In 1701, during the Great Northern War, Koknese was finally blown up by retreating forces to avoid the strategic castle falling into advancing Russian hands. The castle was never rebuilt and fell to ruin.

The town around Koknese began to reappear in the 19th century, after serfdom was abolished and a railroad station was built in the village, facilitating movement to the area. In 1900, a park was established around the castle ruins, and Koknese became a popular summer resort. The area was known for its scenic waterfalls, cliffs, and look-outs.

In 1965, the Soviet government built Plavinas Hydro Power Plant in the town of Aizkraukle. The reservoir flooded the entire length of the Daugava to Plavinas. Koknese Castle, once sitting atop a high bluff, was placed at the river's edge, while the scenic Daugava valley was submerged.

[LAT] Kokneses ordena mura pils (senais vacu nosaukums - Kokenhusen, Kokenhausen) ir viduslaikos celta pils, kas atrodas musdienu Kokneses teritorija, Daugavas upes krasta. Lidz musdienam no agrakas ordena pils ir saglabajušas tikai atseviškas kiegelu sienas.

Kokneses ordena mura pils ir celta 1209. gada. Kokneses novada pirmais vasalis bija bruninieks Rudolfs no Jerihovas. Sakuma vasala pils kalpoja tikai aizsardzibai, bet sakot ar 14.gs. to atbilstoši sadzives prasibam iekartoja dzivošanai. Šaja laika pils pagalma cela koka ekas, bet 15.gs., kad saka attistities uguns ieroci, tas pamazam nomainija ar mura celtnem. Jerihovas Rudolfam sekoja citi – Meinards, Johans, Jordans. 1269. gada biskaps Nikolajs vairakus novadus Koknese izlenoja bruniniekam Teodorikam un vina sievai Sofijai. Pec Teodorika naves ipašumi nonaca Sofijas otra vira H. Fon Tizenhauzena ipašuma. Kokneses pili un citus ipašumus arhibiskaps bija iecerejis sev par parvalde esošas teritorijas centru, par ko ieilga strids ar ordeni, lidz 1398. gada Koknesi un apkartni sev tomer izcinija arhibiskaps. No 1397. – 1566.g. Koknese kluva par arhibiskapa rezidenci un Kokneses pili uzturejas ari arhibiskapa galms – 800 – 900 cilveku. Ik nedelas maizei un alum patereja 3900 puru labibas. 1582. gada Stefans Batorijs apstiprinaja Koknesei jau agrak pieškirtas Rigas tiesibas. Ari velak citi valdnieki Koknesei pieversa uzmanibu, it ipaši ka tirdzniecibas vietai pie Daugavas. Tacu 17.gs. pilsetas nozime mazinajas. Zviedru laikos 17.gs. 20. gados pili parbuve atbilstoši jaunajam fortifikacijas prasibam. Sava novietojuma del ta bija praktiski neienemama un šada pastav lidz 1701. gadam, kad to uzspridzinaja. Pec tam pils vairs nav atjaunota.

Pec Kokneses pils uzspridzinašanas 1701. gada , lai to gadijuma neatjaunotu ienaidnieks, Karlis XII paveleja pili galigi iznicinat. Ta paša gada oktobri notika sagatavošanas darbi spridzinašanai, un 27. novembri tika sagrauts ziemelpuses austrumu gals Broce paskaidrojuma zem 1797. gada zimejuma raksta, ka, uzspridzinot pili, vairaki lielgabali no pils tikuši aizmesti lidz Daugavas krastam netalu no Perses ietekas. 1868. gada sausaja vasara tos izvilka mala un uzstadija kalna pils rietumu gala uz dabigas terases, kur tie staveja lidz appludinašanai. Viens no tiem jau pirms pirma pasaules kara bija nogazts zeme, un ap 1950. gadu kads lužnu vacejs Rubenis aizveda to uz staciju. Tikai ar sabiedribas iejaukšanos tika panakts, ka lielgabalu atveda atpakal un nosvieda celmala. Tad sakas spekstacijas buve, lielgabalus savaca un aizveda pie Kokneses luteranu baznicas. Baznica tolaik bija tapusi par makslas un vestures muzeju. Kad vieteja draudze atguva savu ipašumu, lielgabali atkal bija japarvieto, un tos nokrava Jankalna pie vecajiem krustiem. 1862. gada nobruka pils ziemelu puses austrumu gals pret Persi. Kadus gadus pec appludinašanas nobruka liels gabals turpat no rietumu gala. Jau Latvijas patstavibas laika bija meginajumi paglabt pilsdrupas no sabrukšanas, cenšoties bistamakajas vietas betonet muru virspusi. Kadreizejas pilsetas dienvidaustrumu sturi paša krastmala baronu laikos bija uzcelts mura paviljons, no kura, ka reiz teicis kads vecs muižas kalps, baroniem skatities ledus iešanu Daugava. Daži to sauca par baronu tejas naminu. Iespejams, ka tas bija celts uz kadas senlaiku celtnes pamatiem, jo vairakos senos zimejumos tai vieta ir kada celtne vai vismaz tas atliekas. Ap 1950. gadu pec izremontešanas un piebuves uzcelšanas šeit izvietojas Jekabpils novadpetniecibas muzeja filiale. Buvejot spekstaciju, šo celtni nacas nojaukt. Paceltie Daugavas udeni izskaloja krastus, un saka atsegties seni apbedijumi ar rotaslietam – bija atklajies 11. – 12. gs. kapulauks. Velak, 80. gados, lai visu šo krastmalu pasargatu no talakas izskalošanas, to nobera ar dolomita škembam un blukiem. Vadoties pec atrastajam senlietam, turpat Gundegu apkartne 1986. un 1987. gada atklaja un izpetija 11. – 12. gs. kapulauku – 68 skeletkapus un 5 ugunskapus. Mirušie bijuši latgali un seli, ari libieši. Netalu no pilsdrupam 18.gs. izveidojas muiža. Kokneses muižas kunga maja no 1885. lidz 1887. gadam dzivoja rakstnieks Rudolfs Blaumanis.

[ENG] Coordinates may be incorrect, but by using hint you should easily find the place where to search.
[LAT] Koordinaates var buut nepreciizas, bet izmantojot hintu jums bez probleemaam vajadzeetu atrast vietu, kur mekleet.

[ENG] Entrance fee:
Adults 0,70 Ls
Students, pupils, pensioners 0,30 Ls
Free entrance for children under school age, disabled persons and politicaly repressed persons.
5-10% discount for groups.

[LAT] Ieejas maksa Kokneses pilsdrupas:

Pieaugušajiem 0,70 Ls
Skoleniem, studentiem, pensionariem 0,30 Ls
Bezmaksas ieeja pirmsskolas vecuma berniem, invalidiem un politiski represetajam personam (uzradot apliecibas)

Grupam atlaides 5-10%

[ENG] I would advise you to go there in evening or at night because 1) then there is no entry fee 2) castle is lighted out with beautiful flood lights.

[LAT] Es Jums ietektu doties tur vakaraa vai naktii, jo 1) nav jaamaksaa par ieeju 2) pilsdrupas tiek izgaismotas ar prozhektoriem.

Good luck.
Veelu veiksmi.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[ENG] npebff gur oevqtr va gur pnfgyr jub yrnqf gb bar bs gur jvaqbjf. ba gur yrsg fvqr ncebk. 2.5z nobir tebhaq.
[LAT] fuxwrrefb gvygh cvyf grevgbevwnn, xnf irq hm ivrah ab ybtvrz. xervfnwnn chfrr, ncz. 2.5z ivef mrzrf.

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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