Skip to Content

<

ESCAPE ROUTE I - M5

A cache by MONHO Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 07/13/2009
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2.5 out of 5

Size: Size: other (other)

Join now to view geocache location details. It's free!

Watch

How Geocaching Works

Please note Use of geocaching.com services is subject to the terms and conditions in our disclaimer.

Geocache Description:


ESCAPE ROUTE I - M5

t

Definition of a dyke:
A dyke (or dike) in geology is a type of sheet intrusion referring to any geologic body that cuts discordantly across planar wall rock structures, such as bedding or foliation (see figure below). 
Dykes are the escape routes of hot, molten magma from over pressurised magmatic chambers and provide an insight into the chemical composition of the magma at the time of intrusion into the surrounding country rock.

Intrusive dykes:
This EarthCache deals with intrusive dykes. An intrusive dyke is an igneous body with a very high aspect ratio, which means that its thickness is usually much smaller than the other two dimensions. Thickness can vary from sub-centimeter scale to many meters and the lateral dimensions can extend over many kilometers. A dyke is an intrusion into an opening cross-cutting fissure, shouldering aside other pre-existing layers or bodies of rock; this implies that a dyke is always younger than the rocks that contain it. Dykes are usually high angle to near vertical in orientation, but subsequent tectonic deformation may rotate the sequence of strata through which the dyke propagates so that the latter becomes horizontal.


Morphology of dykes:
Sometimes dykes appear as swarms, consisting of several to hundreds of dykes emplaced more or less contemporaneously during a single intrusive event. The world's largest dyke swarm is the Mackenzie dyke swarm in the Northwest Territories  of Canada. Dykes often form as either radial or concentric swarms around plutonic intrusives, volcanic necks or feeder vents in volcanic cones. The latter are known as ring dykes.


Composition:
Dykes can vary in texture and their composition can range from diabase or basaltic to granitic or rhyolitic, but on a global perspective the basaltic composition prevails, manifesting ascent of vast volumes of mantle-derived magmas through fractured lithosphere throughout Earth history. Pegmatite dykes are extremely coarse crystalline granitic rocks often associated with late stage granite intrusions or metamorphic segregations. Aplite dykes are fine grained or sugary textured intrusives of granitic composition.


The EarthCache scenario:
This Earthcache is located in the northern stretch of beach in Ericeira which is located just NW and N of Lisbon and Sintra, respectively.
The rock types are marly limestones of Middle Cretaceous age (Albian; 112.0 to 99.6 M.a.) cut occasionally by igneous dykes.


Claiming the found:
You must get down to the beach to see the dyke in question (use the child waypoint supplied). When you get to the dyke, tell me:

  1. What colour is the dyke?
  2. What is its thickness?
  3. Is the thickness uniform or does it vary?
  4. Is it a single dyke or are there more than one within a 10 m radius?

Photos in the log are always welcome, but please do not post photos that show the answers of the Earthache!

After sending the answers by e-mail you can log the Earthcache. If there is any doubt regarding the answers you will be contacted to clarify it.

This cache has a sister: Visit Escape Route II - M8 by clicking HERE.

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dike_(geology)

q The most exciting way to learn about the Earth and its processes is to get into the outdoors and experience it first-hand. Visiting an Earthcache is a great outdoor activity the whole family can enjoy. An Earthcache is a special place that people can visit to learn about a unique geoscience feature or aspect of our Earth. Earthcaches include a set of educational notes and the details about where to find the location (latitude and longitude). Visitors to Earthcaches can see how our planet has been shaped by geological processes, how we manage the resources and how scientists gather evidence to learn about the Earth. To find out more click HERE.

 



Para se habilitarem a mais um found, respondam às seguintes perguntas:

1- Qual é a cor do dique?
2- Qual a sua espessura?
3- A sua espessura é uniforme ou variável?
4- Num raio de 10m existe mais algum dique?

Fotos no log serão sempre bem vindas, mas por favor não coloquem fotos que revelem as respostas da Earthcache!

Depois de enviar as respostas pode fazer o log, caso exista alguma duvida em relação ás respostas dadas serão contactados para a esclarecer.

free counters

Additional Hints (No hints available.)



 

Find...

312 Logged Visits

Found it 304     Didn't find it 2     Write note 5     Publish Listing 1     

View Logbook | View the Image Gallery of 131 images

**Warning! Spoilers may be included in the descriptions or links.

Current Time:
Last Updated:
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

Return to the Top of the Page

Reviewer notes

Use this space to describe your geocache location, container, and how it's hidden to your reviewer. If you've made changes, tell the reviewer what changes you made. The more they know, the easier it is for them to publish your geocache. This note will not be visible to the public when your geocache is published.