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Mezotne hillfort

A cache by IvarsB Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 09/05/2009
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:


[LAT] Slepnis ir neliela partikas kastite. Sakotnejais saturs: logbook, zimulis, asinamais, daži nieki mainai, GC pirmajam atradejam.
Jus varat novietot mašinu pie Mežotnes baznicas ( N 56 26.566; E 024 02.601 ).
Mežotnes pilskalns atrodas Dabas parka “Bauska”, kas ir Natura 2000 – Eiropas nozimes aizsargajama teritorija.

[ENG] Cache is a small plastic container. Original contents: logbook, pencil, sharpener, some stuff for trade, GC for the first finder.
You can park your car at Mezotne church ( N 56 26.566 ; E 024 02.601 ).
Mezotne castle mound are located on the territory of the nature park “Bauska”, which is included into Natura 2000.

[LAT]
Lielupes augšteces ieleja seno zemgalu dzelzs laikmeta kulturvides ieverojamaka dala ir Mežotnes senvietu komplekss. Šeit abas puses Lielupei atrodas piecas senvietas: labaja krasta – Mežotnes centra senkapi, kreisaja – Mežotnes pilskalns ar senpilsetu un ostas vietu pilskalna dienvidaustrumu pakaje, Vina kalns, Mežotnes senkapi un Ligotnu apmetne.
Pilskalna nocietinajumu sistemu 3500 kvadratmetru platiba veidoja divi gravji, priekšvalnis 2 – 5 m augstuma un 8 m augsts valnis, kas pieklavas 16 m augstajai Lielupes kraujai. Liela valna aizsargceltnes pirmo reizi buvetas ap 800. gadu un cietušas no biežiem uzbrukumiem ( sakot no vikingiem un beidzot ar krustnešiem) – tas nopostitas un atjaunotas desmit reizes laika no 10. lidz 14. gs. sakumam. Lielais valnis katra atjaunošanas reize paaugstinats, nostiprinats ar stavkoku rindu, kas parklata ar mala kartu, bet uz valna visapkart plakuma malai uzbuveta gulbuves aizsargceltne. Vartu vieta atradas liela valna ziemelu gala, valnis pie ieejas bija nostiprinats ar stabu rindam, bet vartu celtne bija gulbuve, kas parsegta ar balkiem un mala kartu, abos galos noslegta ar vartiem.
Lielaka kauja šeit norisinajas 1220. gada februari, kad Livonijas biskapa Alberta vadiba uzbrukuma Mežotnei devas ap 8000 krustnešu, libiešu un latgalu karotaju. Aplenkums ilga vairakas dienas, kauja tika partraukta un atsakta tris reizes, lidz zemgali atstaja pili, bet krustneši ar sabiedrotajiem to izlaupija un nodedzinaja. Zemgali Mežotnes pilskalna atgriezas 13. gs. 50. gados, un pedeja sadursme Mežotne notika 1271. gada, kad Livonijas ordenis ienema cietoksni bez kaujas.

[ENG]
Complex of archaeological sites of Mezotne in the valley of river Lielupe upper reaches is an important part of Semigallian cultural heritage from the Iron Age. There are five archeological objects on both banks of the river.The main ancient burial field of Mezotne was situated on the right bank and the hill fort with an acient town and port on the Southern – East foot of the hill, the hill fort “Vina kalns”, ancient burial site of Mezotne and the settlement of Ligotni – on the left bank.
The system of fortifications covered an area of 3500 square metre and included two moats, fore – wall 2 –5m high and rampart up to 8m high, which was placed close to the rocky steep of Lielupe. The first fortifications on the main rampart were erected in the 9th century. They suffered damage from frequent attacks ( by Vikings in the beginning and crusaders in the end ). The fortifications were destroied and rebuilt ten times during the period of 10th – 14th century. With each renovation, the main rampart was made higher, fixed with rows of posts and covered with clay. The fortification log buildings were built on the rampart around all edges of the hillfort plateau. The gateway was placed in the Northern part of the main rampat, fixed with posts, the gate building was made of logs and covered with clay.
The bigest battle that took place here started in February of 1220 when Bishop Albert of Livonia attacked Mezotne with an army of 8000 crusaders, Livs and Latgallians. The siege lasted only a few days ( the attack was iterrupted three times ) until Semigallians left the hillfort, but the crusaders and their allies plundered and burned it down. The Semigallians returned to Mezotne in the middle of 13th century. The very last collision that took place here was in 1271: at that time the Livonian Order occupied the fortress without a fight.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[LAT]Fnivwhfvrf xbxv, mrz fnxarz
[ENG]Vagreynprq oenapurf, orybj gur ebbgf

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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