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Hloubkari v Rakovniku

A cache by bo-br Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 10/11/2009
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:

CESKY
Nenarocna kes vas zavede k nadrazi v Rakovniku, ktere se pred koncem 2. svetove valky stalo nekolikrat cilem utoku letcu utocicich na pozemni cile - tzv. hloubkaru.

ENGLISH
This cache wants to invite you near the railway station in Rakovnik, which was a target of the allied fighter-bombers in the last phase of the WWII.


Hloubkari v Rakovniku

CESKY

Hloubkari obecne

Hloubkari je oznaceni pro spojenecke letce v obdobi druhe svetove valky, kteri svymi utoky vedenymi z malych vysek meli za ukol likvidovat pozemni cile a predevsim narusit ci znicit dopravni infrastrukturu. Oznaceni „hloubkar“ je z nemeckeho slova Tiefflieger (hloubkovy letec).
Asi nejznamejsi jsou utoky hloubkaru na vlaky. Kdyz se podaril zasah do parniho kotle parni lokomotivy (odtud je lidovy nazev „kotlari“), prakticky vzdy to znamenalo tezke poskozeni, znehybneni lokomotivy a jeji vyrazeni z provozu. Pred vlastnim utokem letec vetsinou davkou z palubnich zbrani do naspu nebo nizkym pruletem varoval osazenstvo lokomotivy resp. vlaku a poskytl mu cas na úkryt. Teprve potom uderil.
V Cechach byly ke konci valky aktivni zejmena Americane, predevsim stihaci bombardery typu Republic P-47D Thunderbolt z 9. letecke armady americkych vzdusnych sil (takticke letectvo). Tyto stroje byly vyzbrojeny osmi kulomety Browning ráže 12,7 mm, vyzbroj doplnovaly pumy nebo rakety. Jejich robustni kontrukce byla idealni prave pro utoky na pozemni cile. Dalsim casto pouzivanym letounem byl North American P-51 Mustang.

Republic P-47D Thunderbolt, zdroj: http://commons.wikimedia.org

Hloubkari v Rakovniku

Rakovnik, kde se krizovalo celkem pet trati a pobliz nadrazi byla vytopna, nemohl zustat stranou pozornosti hloubkaru. Prvni utok probehl dne 3. brezna 1945 v 11.25 h, vysledkem byla z provozu vyrazena lokomotiva 354.140 a poskozena byla lokomotiva 524.205.

Dne 17. dubna 1945 se Americane objevili znovu, tentokrat v 10.15. Za obet jim padly dve lokomotivy. Zrejme se jednalo o lokomotivu 254.257 (inkasovala 40 zasahu) a lokomotivu 434.2324 (50 zasahu). Utok se obesel bez obeti.

Hloubkar nad nadrazim v Rakovniku, dobova fotografie
(foto K. Koubek, casopis Rozlet c.19, 1947). Omluvte prosim snizenou kvalitu.

Dalsi utok hloubkaru na nadrazi a vytopnu v Rakovniku probehl dne 20. dubna 1945. Byl patek, kratce pred pul druhou odpoledne (13.25), kdyz se nad rakovnickym nadrazim mihly ctyri stroje Republic P-47D Thunderbold s bilymi hvezdami na kridlech. V jejich kokpitech sedi prislusnici 359. perute 368. stihaci skupiny 9. letecke armady (velitel ctverice 2/Lt. G. Mongar, dale pak porucici Onusseit, L. Marsch a W. Ponton). Za revu motoru delaji prulet nad nadrazim a kazdy z nich si vybira svuj cil. Za maly okamzik jiz proud olova z osmi kulometu v kazdem letounu drti lokomotivy ve vytopne i v kolejisti, smrst strel se nevyhyba ani vagonum a budovam.

Rozstrilene lokomotivy po naletu hloubkaru – vytopna v Rakovniku, dobova fotografie
(foto K. Koubek, casopis Rozlet c.19, 1947). Omluvte prosim snizenou kvalitu.

Po utoku zustavaji lezet dva tezce zraneni - Petr Bezpalka a Karel Urban. Celkem sedm lokomotiv je nepojizdnych. Lokomotiva 436.2276 byla odstavena i s nakladnim vlakem v kolejisti, zbyvajicich sest znicenych lokomotiv je ve vytopne (264.141, 264.142, 354.002, 77 326, 434.0335 a 354.0126). Strelbou jsou poskozeny dalsi tri lokomotivy, sedm motorovych vozu, vyssi pocet osobnich a nakladnich vagonu. Skody jsou take na nekterych budovach, telefonni spojeni je preruseno.

Lokomotivy na tocne v rakovnicke vytopne po naletu hloubkaru, dobova fotografie
(foto K. Koubek, casopis Rozlet c.19, 1947). Omluvte prosim snizenou kvalitu.

Dalsi utoky hloubkaru na rakovnicke nadrazi nasledovaly ve dnech 29. dubna a 4. kvetna 1945 – tyto utoky byly vyvrcholenim utoku na nadrazi v Rakovniku. Po techto poslednich dvou naletech nezustala v Rakovniku temer zadna provozuschopna lokomotiva. Take tyto utoky jsou pripisovany letcum z 359. perute 368. stihaci skupiny 9. letecke armady. Celkovy ucet ztrat zpusobenych utoky hloubkaru, dosahl uctyhodnych 30 znicenych lokomotiv v kolejisti, 39 zlikvidovanych lokomotiv ve vytopne ci v depu.

zdroje:

  • http://hloubkari.bloguje.cz/
  • Cerny, R. (2000): Cesty nebeskych jezdcu. Vestnik muzejniho spolku, r. 36, Muzeum TGM Rakovnik
  • casopis Rozlet c. 19, 1947

Ke kesi

Kes vracejte tam, kde jste ji nasli a pri odlovu budte obezretni, davejte dobry pozor na mudly, kteri se zde i pres relativni odlehlost mista mohou vyskytnout. Geovozidlo odstavte pred nadrazni budovou - viz waypoint.


ENGLISH

Allied fighter-bombers generally

As Allied fighter-bombers are called flyers that attacked ground targets – like the trains, the locomotives and the other vehicles of an enemy army during the last phase of WWII. In the Czech Republic – especially in its part Bohemia – the most known are attacks of American pilots from 9th USAAF. As a main weapon was used plane Republic P-47D Thunderbolt. This plane had eight Browning machine guns (caliber 12,7 mm) and could hold rockets or bombs too. Robust construction of these planes was ideal for the attacks to the ground targets. The plane North American P-51 Mustang was used too.

Allied fighter-bombers in Rakovnik

The railway station Rakovnik is a crossing of the five railway lines. This fact means that Rakovnik was an interesting target for fighter-bombers.

The first attack was made on the 3rd March 1945 at 11.25 and one locomotive was destroyed, the second one was heavily damaged. On the 17th April 1945 the American flyers attacked again (time 10.15) and managed to destroy two locomotives. No people were injured or killed.
On the 20th April 1945 at 13.25 four members of 359th Squadron of 368th Fighter Group of 9th USAAF attacked the railway station in Rakovnik again. The attack was successful, seven locomotives were destroyed and some wagons and buildings were damaged. Two people were injured (Petr Bezpalka and Karel Urban) and telephone connection was broken.
The last two attacks were made on the 29th April and 4th May 1945 . After these attacks there was no movement-able locomotive at Rakovnik.

In total, fighter-bombers managed to destroy 30 locomotives in the area of the railway station and another 39 was destroyed in the round-house.

Sources:

  • http://hloubkari.bloguje.cz/
  • Cerny, R. (2000): Cesty nebeskych jezdcu. Vestnik muzejniho spolku, r. 36, Muzeum TGM Rakovnik
  • casopis Rozlet c. 19, 1947

About a cache

Please return the box in the same position like you found it. You can park you car in front of the railway station - see waypoint. Thank you, happy hunting!


Additional Hints (Decrypt)

PM: gehoxn cbq fgevfxbh
RAT: cvcr haqre gur ebbs

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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