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Kezmarsky hrad / Castle of Kezmarok

A cache by svajka / Dusan44 Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 1/25/2010
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


KEZMARSKY HRAD / CASTLE OF KEZMAROK




Cache sa nachadza na velmi frekventovanom mieste.
Preto prosim budte velmi opatrni.
Odporucam cache najprv nahmatat a v prihodnom case vybrat.
Prineste si vlastne pero.

Cache is located in a very busy place.
Please be very careful.
Bring your own pen.


Historia hradu
Kezmarsky hrad je jedinym plne zachovanym hradom na Spisi. Prva pisomna zmienka o jeho existencii pochadza z roku 1447, kedy tu sluzila posadka Jana Jiskru z Brandysa. V roku 1462 sa stal majitelom hradu Imrich Zapolsky, ktory v rokoch 1465 az 1486 vystaval novy neskorogoticky hrad. Vtedy bola postavena vstupna veza i opevnenie s bastami.
Hrad v roku 1575 vyhorel. Jeho vtedajsi majitel Jan Rueber nemal dostatok zdrojov na opravu a musel hladat ine riesenia. Tak sa k hradu dostali Thokolyovci. Najprv ako k zalozenemu a od roku 1583 uz ako k vlastnemu majetku. Thokolyovci (najma Stefan I. Thokoly) hrad postupne prestavali na prepychove renesancne sidlo. Obnovilo sa severne obytne kridlo i vstupna veza, osadili sa nove bloky a dvere, poschodie bolo zmenene na reprezentacne priestory, v strede nadvoria vznikla fontana a vrcholy murov ozdobila stitova atika so sgrafitom. Upravy hradu zavrsila v roku 1658 novovybudovana ranobarokova zamocka kaplnka. Stavebny vyvin hradu sa tymto ukoncil.
V roku 1657 sa tu narodil najslavnejsi z rodu Thokolyovcov a dodnes uznavany uhorsky narodny hrdina Imrich Thokoly. Imrich bol vodcom velkeho, no neuspesneho kuruckeho protihabsburgskeho povstania.
Po potlaceni kuruckeho hnutia Thokolyovci o hrad prisli. Novym majitelom sa stalo mesto Kezmarok. Mesto vsak neprejavilo zaujem hrad obnovit a vyuzivalo ho zvacsa na hospodarske a vojenske ucely. Po poziari v roku 1901 prevzal hrad do opatery Uhorsky pamiatkovy urad. Ten hrad postupne obnovil. Tejto prestavbe sa niekedy vytyka jej prehnana romantickost.
Hrad od roku 1931 sluzi ako muzeum. V rokoch 1962 az 1985 prebehla na hrade posledna vacsia renovacia.



Prva tatranska tura a tragedia odvaznej zeny
V polovici 16. storocia, bol hradnym panom mladik polskeho povodu Albert Lasky. Bol to clovek velmi chamtivy, a to az tak, ze si kvoli vidine velkeho majetku vzal za zenu o 20 rokov starsiu vdovu po bohatom polskom kniezati Ostrogockom, pani Beatu. Beata bola dusa romanticka. Verila v lasku svojho manzela a taktiez ju dojimala krasa blizkych Tatier. Tie jej ucarovali az do tej miery, ze sa v roku 1565 rozhodla uskutocnit s mestanmi prvu zaznamenanu tatransku turu (cielom bolo pravdepodobne Zelene pleso). Tato udalost hlboko prekracovala vtedajsie dobove konvencie. To vyuzil mlady Albert, aby sa mohol zbavit svojej starsej zeny. Za spominany vylet ju obvinil z nemravnosti a nechal ju zamurovat na dozivotie v hradnej vezi. Vo vezi mala Beata k dispozicii len mury a dve okna. Jedno na prijem stravy a druhe s vyhladoim na Tatry. Po siestich rokoch vsak Albert, vdaka svojej chorobnej chamtivosti, prisiel o cely Kezmarsky hrad. Prekvapeny novy hradny pan nasiel vo vezi zubozenu Beatu. Napriek tomu, ze jej bola poskytnuta pomoc, jej telo sa uz nedokazalo zotavit a pani Beata po kratkom case umrela.



Muzeum
V objekte hradu sa dnes nachadza stala expozicia Muzea v Kezmarku. Prehliadka je velkorysa, velmi zaujimava a roznoroda. Trva priblizne jeden a pol hodiny. Jednotlive casti predstavuju historiu hradu i Kezmarku, cechove realie, mestiansku kulturu, zidovske spolocenstvo, dobove vozidla i slavne osobnosti posobiace v Kezmarku. Vo vystavnej sieni sa usporaduvaju zvacsa vytvarne vystavy.Viac o muzeu, jeho expoziciach, akciach, otvaracich hodinach a cenach sa dozviete tu..

zdroj: kezmarok.com

ENG
The city castle of Kezmarok was built as a defensive castle. lt is first mentioned in 1447. The first known owner was Zapolsky family. Castle's history is linked with the Thokoly family which had the originally Gothic fort rebuilt as a luxurious Rennaisance residence. They also built the baroque chapel. Last owner was Ferdinand Rueber nad in 1702 it was bought by the town of Kezmarok. The castle burnt down several times in the 18th century and was repaired in the 18th and 2Oth century. General restoration work was carried out between 1962-1985. The castle has housed a museum with historical collections and exhibitions on the city and its surroundings since 1931. A tour of the castle grounds includes a visit to the castle chapel and the viewing tower.


Info o hrade a muzeu

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