Cache Coordinates = GGGGCCAATTGCTAACCCAGAAAGTACCGAAAACAGCTTGTGTTT
Your task is to transcribe the above sequence of DNA triplets
into mRNA codons and then use The Genetic Code wheel to determine which amino acid is coded for by that particular codon.
I have included a very brief description of a very complex and wonderful process. I hope it helps.
Our cells create large biological molecules known as proteins. The basic sub-unit of proteins are amino acids and they come in 20 different types. The exact sequence of amino acids in a protein chain determines how that chain will fold into its three-dimensional structure. The precise three-dimensional structure of a protein will determine its function.
DNA is considered the blueprint of life. It contains the molecular instructions on how to make the cells of every living organism on Earth. More precisely, it contains the instructions on how to make proteins. To get the protein building instructions from DNA (in the nucleus) to where the proteins are built (ribosomes in the cytoplasm), the DNA will need to be transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA). This is done by matching base pairs of DNA with the complimentary mRNA base pairs. For the process of transcription to occur, the following rules must be followed:
The four base pairs of DNA are A, T, C, and G
The four base pairs of mRNA are A, U, C, and G
Adenine pairs with Uracil and Thymine
Guanine pairs with Cytosine
The DNA is “read” in groups of 3 bases in a row known as triplets. For example, TTC is a DNA triplet.
After the DNA is transcribed into mRNA, the appropriate amino acid sequence can be put together to create a protein.
mRNA is transcribed from DNA into 3 base units known as codons. For example, UUU is a codon.
You can check your answers for this puzzle on Geochecker.com.