Moments in history #5 - Sinaia train station
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This cache brings you to another tragic moment in recent Romanian history : the assasinations of I.G. Duca, prime minister of Romania in 1933.
Ion Gheorghe Duca (1879 - December 30, 1933) was prime minister of Romania from November 14 to December 30, 1933, when he was assassinated for his efforts to suppress the fascist Iron Guard movement.
Born in Bucharest, he entered Romania's Chamber of Deputies for the National Liberal Party in 1907 and served in the cabinet from 1914.
As part of a group of a group of professors, physicians, soldiers, etc., he helped bring Scouting to Romania.
Appointed foreign minister in 1922, he was an avid supporter of the Little Entente, formed between Romania, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia to fend off Hungarian irredentist claims (Hungary claimed Transylvania, which Romania had been awarded after World War I) and prevent the Habsburg dynasty from returning to power in Central Europe.
In November, 1933, King Carol II asked Duca to head the government as prime minister in preparation for the December elections. In this capacity, Duca worked to keep the rising support for the Iron Guard, also known as The Legion of the Archangel Michael, a fascist movement led by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, in check, even outlawing the All for the Fatherland-party, which was their political arm. What followed was a time of violence when police on orders from Duca sometimes attacked Iron Guard-members (which led to the deaths of some of the members) and jailed thousands of them. Shortly after these events and the release of many of the Iron Guard-members from jail, Duca was shot to death, as a form of revenge, on the platform of the Sinaia train station by Nicolae Constantinescu accompanied by two other persons. All three of them was sentenced to jail for the murder.
Duca wrote extensive memoirs about his experiences as a cabinet minister during World War I.
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