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Mondo's NAT # 093 - Cahokia
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Native American Tribe series.
A tribe of the Illinois confederacy, they were usually noted as associated with the Tamaroa tribe. Like all the confederate Illinois tribes, they were of roving habit until they and the Tamaroa were gathered into a mission settlement about the year 1698 by the Jesuit Pinet. This mission, first known as Tamaroa, but later as Cahokia, was near the site of present-day Cahokia, Illinois on the east bank of the Mississippi River, nearly opposite the present St. Louis, Missouri. In 1721 it was the second town among the Illinois in importance. On the withdrawal of the Jesuits the tribe declined rapidly, chiefly from the demoralizing influence of the neighboring French garrison, and was nearly extinct by 1800. With the other remnant tribes of the confederacy they moved westward about 1820. The whole body is now officially consolidated under the name Peoria.
Another earlier tribe, also referred to as Cahokians, built one of the largest man-made earthen structures in America, as well as a large city. Referred to today, as the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, it was inhabited from about A.D. 700 to 1400. Built by ancient peoples known as the Mound Builders, the city's original population was thought to have been only about 1,000 until about the 11th century when it dramatically expanded. At its peak from 1,100 to 1,200 A.D., the city covered nearly six square miles and boasted a population of as many as 100,000
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Last Updated: on 5/10/2018 6:28:18 PM Pacific Daylight Time (1:28 AM GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum