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Riņņukalns / mound / Ancientsites #29

A cache by spongefinger Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 08/10/2013
Difficulty:
2.5 out of 5
Terrain:
4 out of 5

Size: Size: regular (regular)

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Geocache Description:

LV Slēpnis pie senas svētvietas - Riņņukalna apmetnes un Upurakmens

EN Cache located near ancient sacred site - Riņņukalns (mound) settlement and Sacred Stone


LV Valsts nozīmes arheoloģijas piemineklis (VKPAI 2511). Sena kulta vieta un viena no pirmajām atrastajām akmens laikmeta apmetnes vietām, kas zinātniski pētīta jau no 19. gs. Apmetnes vietā lielos daudzumos atrastas seno cilvēku barības atliekas — asakas, gliemežvāki, arī dažādas senlietas. Upurakmenim ir divi šķīvjveida iedobumi (35 x 30 x 2 cm un 32 x 30 x 2 cm}. Atstatums starp šķīvjiem — 6,5 cm, atstatums starp šķīvju centriem — 45 cm. Atsevišķi pētnieki uzskata, ka akmens vairāk lietots sadzīviskām vajadzībām – pulēšanai, asināšanai (V. Avotiņš, I. Lukss. No Burtniekiem līdz jūrai. 1999). Izrakumos atrasti arī daudzi kaula darba rīki, harpūnas, makšķerāķi, īleni, dunči u. c. Akmens atrodas Salacas krasta niedrēs, 4 m uz Z no krūmiem, kas ir starp upi un Riņņu kalnu, 15 m uz Z no Riņņukalna apmetnes, vasarā — 1 m uz D no ūdens, dūksnainā vietā, niedrēs. Palu laikā tas ir pilnībā zem ūdens vai dūņām. Ļoti reti sastopams dobumakmeņu tips (Latvijā tikai 3 objekti). Riņņukalna dobumakmens ir senāk zināmais. Pētījumi liecina, ka Riņņukalns bijis apdzīvots jau II g.t.p.m.ē. (J. Graudonis, J. Urtāns. Senatnes pēdās. 1961)

Neapšaubāmi mākslīgi (cilvēku) veidoti dobumi. Iespējams, ka tā virsmā mēģināts ieveidot vēl trešo dobumu; katrā ziņā, ir viena vieta, kur virsma izskatās gludināta. To aprakstījuši K. G. Zīverss (1875), P. Helmings (1875), K. Grenviks (1876) u. c. Par Riņņukalnu pirmie pētnieku ziņojumi ir 1896. gadā, 10. arheologu kongresā Rīgā (W. F. Hacker) (MKPZPP arhīvs, inv. nr. 15050 I). Agrāk šajā vietā bija lēzens dobums, kas kļuvis par kalnu, aizpildoties ar kultūrslāni, kas galvenokārt sastāvējis no gliemežnīcu lauskām (MKPZPP arhīvs, inv. nr. 29490 7314 -6). saukts arī par šķīvjakmeni un ir samērā liels retums (A. Grīnbergs. Unikālais Riņņukalna dobumakmens nav pazudis! – Vides vēstis, 07.2008.)

EN State archaeological heritage (State Inspection for Heritage Protection, No 2511). An ancient cult site and one of the first discovered settlements of the Stone Age that has been scientifically studied since the 19th century. In the settlement site plenty of remains of food of the ancient people have been found — fishbones, shells, also various artefacts. The Sacrificial Stone has two bowl-type hollows (35 x 30 x 2 cm and 32 x 30 x 2 cm}. The distance between the bowls is — 6.5 cm, distance between the bowl centres — 45 cm. Some scholars believe that the stone was used more for household needs – polishing, sharpening (V. Avotiņš, I. Lukss. From Burtnieki to the Sea (No Burtniekiem līdz jūrai). 1999). In the excavations many bone tools, harpoons, fishing hooks, awls, daggers, etc. were found. The stone is situated in the canes of the Salaca River bank, 4 m north of the bush that is between the river and Riņņi Hill, 15 m north of the Riņņukalns Settlement, in summer — 1 m south of the water, in a swampy place, in the canes. During high water period, it is completely under the water or mud. A very rarely found type of hollow stones (Only 3 such objects in Latvia). The Riņņukalns Hollow Stone is the earliest known. Research proves that Riņņukalns has been inhabited already since the 2nd millennium BC. (J. Graudonis, J. Urtāns. Traces of Antiquity (Senatnes pēdās). 1961).

Beyond any doubt, the hollows had been artificially made by humans. It is possible that on its surface it was attempted to carve a third hollow; in any case, there is a spot where the surface looks polished. It was described by K. G. Zīverss (1875), P. Helmings (1875), K. Grenviks (1876) and others. The first reports by scholars about the Riņņukalns are dating back to 1896, at the 10th Congress of Archaeologists in Riga (W. F. Hacker) (Archive of the Scientific Council on Museum and Cultural Heritage, inventory No 15050 I). In former times there used to be a gently sloping delve that had become a hill filling up with cultural layer, consisting mainly of shell remains (Archive of the Scientific Council on Museum and Cultural Heritage, inventory No 29490 7314 -6). It is also called the bowl stone and is rather a rarity (A. Grīnbergs. The Unique Riņņukalns Hollow Stone has not disappeared! (Unikālais Riņņukalna dobumakmens nav pazudis!) – Vides vēstis, 07.2008.)

LV Pieeja ir pāri nekoptām un aizaugušām pļavām. Palu laikā akmeni nevar redzēt, arī sausā laikā ir grūtības atrast. Pašu apmetnes vietu labi var pazīt pēc lielām priedēm. Iespējams, visvieglāk piekļūt ar laivu.

EN Access across fields. It the high waters the stone is submerged. The settlement site is well recogniseable, the mound is a pine grove. The best accessible by boat.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

arcevrqr / abg cvar

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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