The Boar`s Head was a little known battle during the First World War but had a huge impact on the towns and villages of Sussex.
The 39th Division of Kitchiners Army was formed of three brigades, the 116th, 117th and 118th. The 116th ( senior ) brigade had three `pals` battalions of the 11th, 12th and 13th Royal Sussex Regiment. They were known as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd South Downs battalions or the Southdowners. The 12th had men drawn primarily from Eastbourne and its environs.
The Southdowners had been chosen to lead the attack on The Boar`s Head which was deisgned as a diversionary attack before the battle of the Somme.
The battle lasted for some five hours. The Southdowners held the German front line trenches for four hours and some support trenches for half an hour. The Germans though had been prepared for this attack. They heavily bombarded the British front line and communication trenches. This prevented the Southdowners from being resupplied with reinforcements and ammuntion. The men of the Southdowners were forced to retreat.
After the battle CSM Nelson Victor Carter was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. Here is his citation.
For most conspicuous bravery. "During an Attack he was in command of the fourth wave of the assault. Under intense shell and machine gun fire he penetrated, with a few men, into the enemy's second line and inflicted heavy casualties with bombs. When forced to retire to the enemy's first line, he captured a machine gun and shot the gunner with his revolver. Finally, after carrying several wounded men into safety, he was himself mortally wounded and died in a few minutes. His conduct throughout the day was magnificent."
As the remnants of the three South Downs battalions came out of the front line the full scale of the losses became apparant.
15 Officers and 364 Other Ranks killed or died of wounds. 21 Officers and 728 Other Ranks wounded or taken prisoner. Nearly 1100 Southdowners lost in one day.
There could not have been town or village unaffected in Sussex due to the scale of the casualties.
"The Day Sussex Died"
To find this cache go to the published location and find the following answers from the blue plaque.
A = Which day KIA /2.
B = Which year Born 188?.
C = Which day born
D = Which Royal Sussex Regiment ?2.
The final location can then be found at N50 46.0A E000 15.BCD
There is roadside parking.
You are looking for a 35mm film pot. Please bring your own pen.