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Rimska Nekropola - Roman Necropolis

A cache by [DELETED_USER]
Hidden : 7/31/2014
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:



Sredi Šempetra v Savinjski dolini je za živo mejo skrit eden najbolj znamenitih antičnih spomenikov v Sloveniji. Rimljani so imeli navado pokopavati pokojne ob cestah izven utrjenih mest. Eno takšnih grobišč je preplavila in s prodom prekrila Savinja. Arheologi so odkrili številne marmorne spomenike, podobne našim kapelicam, in jih rekonstruirali. Ugotovili so, da je veliko grobišče nastalo med vladanjem Trajana in dinastije Severov (96-235). Bogate družine, za večno vklesane v kamnite spomenike, so bile: Enijci, Sekundini, Priskiani, Spektaciji in Vindoniji.

Grobnica Spektacijev je najvišja med vsemi in meri v višino več kot osem metrov. Gaj Spektacij Finit, župan Celeie, jo je postavil zase in za svojega sina Gaja Spektacija Priscijana, najverjetneje pa tudi za svojo ženo. Točnega časovnega nastanka grobnice se ne da določiti, sklepajo pa, da je grobnica spadala v čas vlade Marka Avrelija (161–180) ali v obdobje vlade Septimija Severa (193–211). Grobnico krasijo številni reliefi, vsak od njih pa pripoveduje svojo zgodbo. Na spodnji strani so reliefi, ki nam od desne proti levi pripovedujejo zgodbo o Ifigeniji. Vogalni reliefi, ki upodabljajo štiri letne čase in dvojčka Kastorja in Poluksa, dopolnjujejo bogat okras pepelnice. Nad preklado, na kateri je upodobljen boj živali, je plošča z napisom, ki govori o lastnikih grobnice. Pod baldahinasto streho v gornjem delu grobnice so kipi vseh treh pokojnikov, sleme grobnice pa na sprednji strani krasi Meduzina glava, ki varuje počivališče umrlih.


Poleg grobov bogatih so ohranjeni tudi grobovi revnejših, osvobojencev in sužnjev. Vzhodno od rimske nekropole so našli ostanke rimske ceste Akvileja–Emona–Celeia–Poetovio, ki je potekala od današnjega Ogleja v Italiji preko Ljubljane in Celja do Ptuja. Cesta je v širino merila 9 metrov, ob njej pa se danes vrstijo obnovljeni tlorisi grobnic in manjših grobov iz časa Rimljanov. Rimska cesta je od Arheološkega parka Rimska nekropola oddaljena zgolj nekaj minut hoje.

Vaša naloga:

Stage 1:
Število odstavkov slovenskega opisa, na tabli kjer je opis rimske nekropole. To je število A.
Število fotografij na sredini table, kjer je opis rimske nekropole. To je število B.

Stage 2:
Levo od vhoda k rimski cesti, je ločena manjša skupina rekonstruiranih rimskih grobov. Koliko jih je? To je število X.

Koordinate škatlice: N 46° 15.XXX E 015° 07.ABA




Almost 2,000 years ago, an immensely important Roman road was passing through Šempeter, connecting Roman towns Aquilea, Emona, Celeia and Poetovio. Many powerful Roman patricians lived nearby and some were buried in the tombs of the Roman Necropolis in Šempeter.

The discovery of the Necropolis happened quite coincidentally in 1952, when works in an orchard revealed a statue of a sitting woman. Later, more than 600 items were found and over 100 family tombs excavated. The most beautiful tombs are the large tombs made from marble, ornamented with the high-relief statues of the buried families. The Spectatius family tomb is the largest and is covered with reliefs of four seasons. The Ennius family tomb is said to be the most beautiful and depicts the mythical scene of Europe’s abduction. Every tomb tells its own story, describing antique mythology and Roman lifestyle. It is still seen as one of the most important remains from the Roman era in Slovenia and in Central Europe. Today, site of the Roman Necropolis is an open-air museum, where those works of art of most skilled Roman craftsmen are exhibited.


East to the Roman Necropolis the remains of an Roman road were found. The road was 9 metres wide and it was connecting the ancient towns of Aquilea (lies in Italy) with Slovene towns of Ljubljana (Emona), Celje (Celeia) and Ptuj (Poetovio). Along the 300 metres of the preserved road, outlines of graves and tombs can still be seen. The Roman road is just a few minutes walk away from the archaeological site of Roman Necropolis.

Your task:

Stage 1:
Number of paragraphs in english description on the information board with the description of the Roman Necropolis. This is number A.
Number of photographs in the middle of the information board with the description of the Roman Necropolis. This is number B.

Stage 2:
Just left from the entrance to the roman road, there is a small separated group of reconstructed Roman graves. Count them and you will get number X.

Final coordinates: N 46° 15.XXX E 015° 07.ABA

www.geosledec.si

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Ivfvz an ibtnyh
--------------------------
Unatvat ba n pbeare

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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