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prof. Solomon Hiller

A cache by resnais_gals Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 08/20/2014
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:

LV Slēpnis veltīts prof. Solomonam Hilleram (1915-1975) izcilam Latvijas ķīmiķim. Slēpnis ir micro izmēra kastīte ar viesu grāmatu, bez rakstāmā. Esiet uzmanīgi – apkārtnē ir daudz garamgājēju. Koordināšu precizitāte - 5m.

ENG This cache is dedicated to prof. Solomon Hiller (1915-1975) a remarkable latvian chemist. A micro size cache – plastic box, with a logbook. BYOP. Exercise extreme caution - place is very crowded. Accuracy of coordinates - 5m.


<LV> Solomons Hillers dzimis Pirmā pasaules kara laikā 1915. gada 14. janvārī Rīgas tekstilrūpnīcu apgādes aģenta Arona Hillera ģimenē. Pēc mātes nāves 1920. gadā viņu uzaudzināja vecmāmiņa. Mācījās Rīgas Vācu ģimnāzijas komercnovirziena nodaļā, absolvējot to 1932. gadā. 1933. gadā uzsāka studēt Latvijas Universitātes Ķīmijas fakultātē, bija organiskās ķīmijas profesora Paula Kalniņa (1886-1955) subasistents.

Universitātes beigšanas diplomu saņēma 1941. gada 27. jūnijā, īsi pēc nacistiskās Vācijas karaspēka iebrukuma Latvijā. Tajā pašā dienā devās bēgļu gaitās uz Krieviju, kur strādāja Kazaņas maizes rūpnīcā. Viņa Rīgā palikušie radinieki gāja bojā Rīgas geto likvidēšanas akcijā.

Laikā no 1946. līdz 1957. gadam Hillers bija zinātniskais līdzstrādnieks un furfurola sektora vadītājs Mežsaimniecības problēmu institūtā.

1957. gadā dibinājis Latvijas Organiskās sintēzes institūtu (tobrīd Latvijas PSR Zinātņu akadēmijas Organiskās sintēzes institūts), bijis arī institūta pirmais direktors līdz 1975. gadam. Laikā no 1963. līdz 1975. gadam Hillers darbojās Latvijas PSR Zinātņu akadēmijas Ķīmijas un bioloģijas zinātņu nodaļā kā akadēmiķis sekretārs.

S.Hillera vadībā sintezēti un ieviesti ražošanā ap 60 medicīnisko preparātu, t.sk.:

  • Furacilīns (antibiotiķis)
  • PASK (prettuberkulozes preparāts)
  • Ftorafūrs (pretvēža preparāts)
  • Furagins (pretinfekcijas preparāts)

<ENG> Solomon Hiller was born in Rīga on january 14, 1915, during WW I in a family of an supply agent for textile industry Aron Hiller. After his mother passed away in 1920, he was raised by his grandmother. Studied in Rīga German gymnasium, with a shift to commerce. After finishing the school in 1932, in 1933 he started to study Latvian University's Faculty of Chemistry. During his study he was a subassistant of prof. Pauls Kalniņš (1886-1955).

He obtained his graduation diploma on june 27, 1941 – shortly after German invasion into Latvia. The same day he flees to Russia, where he worked in a bakery in the city of Kazan. His relatives, that remained in Rīga died during Rīga ghetto liquidation operation.

Form 1946 to 1957 Hiller participated in development of furfurol as a scientific leader, working as a scientific fellow in Institute for Forestry.

In 1957 he founded Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis, and also was the first director of this institute untill 1975. From 1963 till 1975 he also held a position of scientific secretary for Latvian SSR Academy of Science departament of Chemisry and biology.

About 60 drugs (medicinal targets) were prepaired under supervision of prof. Hiller:

  • Furaciline (antibiotics)
  • PASK (anti-tuberculosis drug)
  • Ftorafur (anti-cancer drug)
  • Furagin (anti-infection drug)

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

abgrxpnhehyr
qenva cvcr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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