Hungary - BAR #13 / Mausoleum of Baba Idris
In Baranya, Hungary
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A geoláda a geocaching.hu oldalon GCSTURB név alatt szerepel. Ne feledkezz el az ott szükséges jelszóról! This cache is also available on geocaching.hu as GCTURB.
Mausoleum (Türbe) of Baba Idris
[HU] "Amikor az ember határozott cél felé tart ... nagyon fontos, hogy az útnak is szenteljen figyelmet. Az út az, ami mindig megmutatja a célba érés legjobb módját, s útközben gazdagodunk. ... Fontos felfedezni a titkokat mindabban, amit megszokásból, mindennap látunk, de amelyeket rutinból képtelenek vagyunk észrevenni."
Paulo Coelho fenti idézete motiválta ezt a geoláda sorozatot, amely sajátságos módon mutatja be Magyarországot. A megyénként elrejtett 26-26 láda csak a célt határozza meg, de a közöttük meghúzódó út megtalálása és az utazás az, aminek során felfedi igazi arcát az adott megye. Azért reméljük, hogy a megtalált ládák is felfednek eddig még nem ismert, kis kincseket az adott megyében.
Minden ládában egy négy karakteres, erre a játékra vonatkozó jelszót találsz. Ne felejtsd el ezeket feljegyezni és a Magyar Vándor (Hungarian Wanderer) játékoldalán belogolni (link lent), mert ezek szükségesek ahhoz, hogy megtudd a 26., bónusz láda koordinátáit!
[EN] "When you are traveling with a purpose, it is very important to pay attention to the road. It is the road that teaches us the best way to get there, and the road enriches us as we walk its length. ... It extracts from what we are used to seeing every day, the secrets that, because of our routine, we never see."
Paulo Coelho's quote motivated the creation of this geocache series, that presents Hungary in its unique way. The 26-26 caches hidden in each county determine the goal, but the travel on the road will reveal the true face of the given county. We hope that the found caches will show previously unknown, little treasures to you.
You will find a four-character password in each geocache that you will need in order to get the coordinates of the 26th, bonus cache in each county. Please, log them on the main Hungarian Wanderer page! (See link below.)
Remnants of the Ottoman Empire in Pécs
When having a stroll in the city center the educated tourist does not get surprised by the several relics from the nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule in Hungary (between 1541-1686). The central building of the main square is the mosque of Pasa Gazi Kasim. One surely sees this when searching for GC22V71. The tipical Turkish "donkey-back" windows can be observed at GC1KPTN. The mosque of Jakovali Hassan and the ruins of a Turkish bath are also worth seeing. And you will surely pass some Turkish wells during your sight seeing.
But having a substantial Turkish building oustide the old city walls, next to modern houses, the brewery, and a hospital may be a surprise even to some locals.
Baba Idris, was a "veli", a muslim holly man, who lived in the 16th century. He was famous far and wide for being a healer and a fortune teller, and was also believed to perform miracles.
His friendship with Telli Hassan, pasa of Bosnia, indicates that he was probably born in the Balkans and settled in Pécs in his adulthood. .
He was not only visited during his life by people seeking health or advice, but after his death in 1591, his grave became a place of pilgrimage, visited by many for several decades, even centuries, even after the end of the Ottaman rule.
The Turkish Cemetery and the Mausoleum of Baba Idris On the southern slopes of the current Rókus-hill, then in a substantial distance from the city, laid a Turkish cemetery. Men's graves were marked by tombstones decorated with a turban if the deceased has been to Mekka on pilgrimage at least once in his life. The size of the turban referred to the social status of the person - the bigger the better. Men at higher esteem received a more decorated memorial and the ones respected the most were burried in a "türbe", a mausoleum.
The türbe has a square or octogonal lay out and is covered by a cupola. Both the external and the internal decoration shows a great variety. Inside it is generally decorated by motives of leaves, wines, flowers and texts from the Koran.
Baba Idris' türbe is octogonal, 6 m in diameter, 8.5 m high. The walls as well as the cupola are made of locally mined stone. The cupola was originally covered by tiles or lead. Above the donkey-back windows there are smaller round windows to let in more light. The entrance is on the opposite side from the direction of Mekka.
When entering one immediately notices the "sanduka"covered by green drapery, facing Mekka. The sanduka is built of stone or wood. It marks the grave that is under it, below floor level. A turban placed in the sanduka marks the head.
The History of the Mausoleum after the Ottman Rule
After the Ottoman Rule, in 1686, the türbe was given to the Jesuits. Around it hospital barracks were established and ran by the Jesuits for people suffering of plague. In 1693 the türbe was converted to a Christian chapel. Saint Roc and Saint Frances Xaver were chosen as patron saints, who were the patrons of people with plague. (St. Roc's has been kept in the name of the small hill (Rókus-domb) and St. Frances gave his name to the street below (Xavér utca).)
After the epidemic the mausoleum/chapel was turned over to the army and was used for gun powder storage.
The historical importance of the building was acknowledged only in the beginning of the 20th century. It was renovated first in 1912-1913, then again, in 1961, when extensive archaeological research was executed. This led to the discovery of the intact skeleton of the holly man in his grave, dug in the rock, under the floor. This is when the building got back its original shape and function. The sanduka, the embroidered green drapery covering it, and the prayer rug were the gifts of the Turkish government.
The Turkish mausoleum is one of two left in Hungary. The other is in Budapest, erected in memory of Baba Gül. (GC4ED4).
The building is managed by the National Conservancy of Historical Monuments. Though there have been plans for years to make it easily accessible to the public, but it has not happened yet.
If you would like to enter the building you need to set up an appointment by calling +36 20 400-9301 or sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org, preferably at least one week before your planned visit.
The (very reasonable) entrance fee to the Museum and Mosque of Hassan Jakovali includes the visit to the Mausoleum. Opening hours: from April 1st to October 31: Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00-18:00. Ticket office closes at 17:30. It is not open on Monday. During winter season you need to make an appointment at the above phone number or e-mail address not only for the Mausoleum, but also for the Mosque. Don't be shy, they open them even for one person!
Ba gur sbhegu, haqre vil.
Last Updated: on 11/8/2017 10:30:10 AM (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada) (6:30 PM GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum