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Cathedral of Saint Domnius

A cache by glavomlat Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 10/22/2015
In Croatia
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:

Kutijica u blizini katedrale Svetog Duje

Cache near cathedral of Saint Domnius

 


HR:

Splitska katedrala posvećena je Uznesenju Blažene Djevice Marije, u narodu je poznata kao Katedrala sv. Dujma (sv. Duje). Katedrala je smještena u kompleksu Dioklecijanove palače u Splitu, na Peristilu i prvotno je bila carski mauzolej, sagrađen početkom 4. stoljeća. Katedrala sv. Duje najstarija je katedrala u svijetu

Današnja splitska katedrala izgrađena je u 4. stoljeću kao mauzolej rimskog cara Dioklecijana († 316.). Uoči careve smrti, Milanskim ediktom 313. godine, kršćani su dobili slobodu ispovjedanja vjere pa su u Saloni, upravnom središtu provincije Dalmacije, sagradili bazilike nad grobovima kršćanskih mučenika koje su postale sjedištem hodočašća i kulta svetaca.

Zvonik je vjerojatno izgrađen u 13. stoljeću. Termin oko kojeg se vrti moguća datacija početka gradnje splitskog zvonika jest nestali natpis iz 1257. godine koji je spominjao Kolafisu (Golubicu), udovicu splitskoga kneza Ivana Krčkog, kao donatoricu zvonika, dok joj je lokalna tradicija pridavala zaslugu i za podizanje propovjedaonice u katedrali.

Građevina je izvana oktogonalnog oblika i imala je natkrivani peripter sa dvadeset i četiri mramorna stupa s korintskim kapitelima. Portal katedrale je, također, antičkog porijekla. Na baroknoj kamenoj ploči s tijarom na vrhu istaknut je metropolitanski i primacijalni status crkve koji je nadbiskupija imala do papinske bule Locum Beati Petri 1828. godine. Na vrhu portala smješten je mali sarkofag u kojem su sahranjeni ostaci Katarine i Margarite, kćeri kralja Bele IV., koje su umrle u Klisu u vrijeme tatarske najezde sredinom 13. stoljeća.

EN:

The Cathedral of Saint Domnius (Croatian: Katedrala Svetog Duje), known locally as the Saint Dujam (Sveti Dujam) or colloquially Saint Duje (Sveti Duje), is the Catholic cathedral in Split, Croatia. The cathedral is the seat of the Archdiocese of Split-Makarska, headed by Archbishop Marin Barišić. The Cathedral of St. Duje is a complex of a church, formed from an Imperial Roman mausoleum, with a bell tower; strictly the church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and the bell tower to Saint Duje. Together they form the Cathedral of St. Duje.

The Cathedral of Saint Domnius, consecrated at the turn of the 7th century AD, is regarded as the oldest Catholic cathedral in the world that remains in use in its original structure, without near-complete renovation at a later date. The structure itself, built in AD 305 as the Mausoleum of Diocletian, is the second oldest structure used by any Christian Cathedral.

Diocletian's Palace (Croatian: Dioklecijanova palača) is a building in the centre of Split, built for the Emperor Diocletian (a native of Dalmatia) at the turn of the 4th century. On the intersection of two main roads, cardo and decumanus, there is a monumental court Peristyle, from which the only access to Cathedral of St. Duje is to the east.

The Cathedral of St. Duje is composed of three different sections of different ages. The main part is Emperor Diocletian's mausoleum, which dates from the end of the 3rd century. The mausoleum was built like the rest of the palace with white local limestone and marble of high quality, most of which was from marble quarries on the island of Brač, with tuff taken from the nearby river Jadro beds, and with brick made in Salonitan and other factories.

Later, in the 17th century a chorus was added to the eastern side of the mausoleum. For that purpose the eastern wall of the mausoleum was torn down in order to unify the two chambers.[4]

The Bell Tower was constructed in the year 1100 AD, in the Romanesque style. Extensive rebuilding in 1908 radically changed the Bell Tower, and many of the original Romanesque sculptures were removed

 

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A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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Last Updated: on 10/19/2017 7:22:58 AM Pacific Daylight Time (2:22 PM GMT)
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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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