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War Memorial #1205 ~ "Mi Amigo" USAAF B17

A cache by rpmminiz Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 02/22/2019
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size:   micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


War Memorial #1205 ~ "Mi Amigo" USAAF B17

 

Shortly before 5pm on 22 February 1944, Lt John Kriegshauser, a 23-year-old American pilot, found himself in grave danger: his B-17 Flying Fortress, nicknamed 'Mi Amigo', had been badly damaged by enemy fighters over Nazi-occupied Denmark and, struggling back to base in Northamptonshire, he urgently needed somewhere to land. Below him was the bustling city of Sheffield. With the aircraft’s engines fading fast, Lt Kriegshauser realised he would need to crash-land – in Endcliffe Park, where a group of schoolchildren was gathered

Narrowly avoiding the children, as well as nearby houses and roads, Lt Kriegshauser crashed into mature woodland in the park. Smashing into a hillside, the aircraft exploded, killing all 10 airmen on board.

No civilians on the ground were injured or killed. Had it not been for Lt Kriegshauser’s consummate skill – for which he was posthumously awarded the US Distinguished Flying Cross – it is assumed the death toll would have been considerably higher.

 

On 20 February 1944, the 305 was selected to take part in a raid involving 700 aircraft to Leipzig, Germany, as part of a week-long joint campaign code-named Operation Argument, “which involved US bombers attacking by day, and Royal Air Force bombers striking by night,”    The aim was to attack the Nazi aviation industry, and Luftwaffe bases.”Known as the ‘Big Week’, Germany lost significant numbers of Luftwaffe fighters and pilots.

But on 22 February, things did not go to plan – the military air base at Aalborg was covered by fog and so could not be pinpointed, and the group of planes soon found itself under attack by German enemy fighters. Three B-17s in the formation were shot down, with most crew members being killed and the others captured as prisoners of war.

The mission was aborted and the surviving aircraft began their journey home to England, jettisoning their bombs over the North Sea en route (‘Mi Amigo’ was carrying a total bomb load of 4,000 lbs). ‘Mi Amigo’ had been badly damaged in the attack.

Looking for a place to land engines fading fast, Mi Amigo’s pilot, Lt Kriegshauser, urgently needed somewhere to land, writes Allonby. “He began to descend cautiously, and suddenly came out through the clouds low over a major city – Sheffield, in South Yorkshire. Ahead were houses, roads, trees and a splash of green: Endcliffe Park, a public play area, complete with a river, woods and a bandstand.

“As Lt Kriegshauser used every bit of his skill and experience, at least one engine began to cut out. Seeing only the grassed area of the park ahead, a split-second decision was needed.”

Would-be rescuers moments after ‘Mi Amigo’ crash-landed in Endcliffe Park, firemen hurried to the scene to find trees uprooted and crushed beneath the destroyed bomber, with wreckage strewn across the hillside. The aircraft had split into two and the front section was on fire, says Allonby. Around 20 firefighters fought for more than an hour to put out the blaze.

The first memorial service for the ‘Mi Amigo’ airmen was held in 1969 and there has since been an annual commemoration.

A memorial stone surrounded by 10 oak trees was planted in 1969 to commemorate the 10 airmen killed in the crash.

This year,(2019) for the first time, a fly-past will take place to honour the ‘Mi Amigo’ airmen. A number of planes from both the US Air Force and the Royal Air Force will fly over Endcliffe Park on the morning of 22 February, the official 75th anniversary of the crash.

Tony Foulks  who witnessed the ‘Mi Amigo’ crash as a young boy in 1944 and has tended to the crash memorial for nearly 75 years 

Tony Foulds, 82, at the ‘Mi Amigo’ plane crash memorial in Endcliffe Park , which he has tended for nearly 75 years. (Photo courtesy of Dan Walker)

Tony vowed to honour the fallen airmen. For more than six decades he has visited the crash site in Endcliffe Park to clean the memorial that was installed there in 1969, and to plant flowers and sweep away dead leaves.

The cache is not at the published co ords but you do have to visit there to collect the infomation in order to find gz

N53 2A.BCD W001 30.EFG

A = How many white flag poles are there ?

B = How many letters in the city where the crash took place ?

C = On the top plaque ,Sixth line subtract the first digit from the fifth digit ?

D = How many benches are there next to the steps ?

E = How many "2" in the sixth line on the top plaque ?

F = How many letter E's minus the total amounts of F's add the number of L's on the top plaque ?

G = How many letter in the last word on the fourth line ?

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

zntargvp

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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