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The Plaque Event : #18 Elizabeth Raffald

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Hidden : Wednesday, 22 January 2020
1 out of 5
1 out of 5

Size: Size: other (other)

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Geocache Description:

22 January 2020, 12:30 - 13:00

This will be the 18th Plaque Event.  The idea is to celebrate plaques that may be missed by the casual observer. 

A municipal plaque is a permanent sign installed in a public place in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person or event, serving as a historical marker.

This plaque commemorates, Elizabeth Raffald (1733 – 19 April 1781) who was an English author, innovator and entrepreneur.

She was born and raised in Doncaster, Yorkshire, Raffald went into domestic service for fifteen years, ending as the housekeeper to the Warburton baronets at Arley Hall, Cheshire. She left her position when she married John, the estate's head gardener. The couple moved to Manchester, Lancashire, where Raffald opened a register office to introduce domestic workers to employers; she also ran a cookery school and sold food from the premises. In 1769 she published her cookery book The Experienced English Housekeeper, which contains the first recipe for a "Bride Cake" that is recognisable as a modern wedding cake. She is possibly the inventor of the Eccles cake.

In August 1772 Raffald published The Manchester Directory, a listing of 1,505 traders and civic leaders in Manchester—the first such listing for the up-and-coming town. The Raffalds went on to run two important post houses in Manchester and Salford before running into financial problems, possibly brought on by John's heavy drinking. Raffald began a business selling strawberries and hot drinks during the strawberry season. She died suddenly in 1781, just after publishing the third edition of her directory and while still updating the eighth edition of her cookery book.

After her death there were fifteen official editions of her cookery book, and twenty-three pirated ones. Her recipes were heavily plagiarised by other authors, notably by Isabella Beeton in her bestselling Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management (1861). Raffald's recipes have been admired by several modern cooks and food writers, including Elizabeth David and Jane Grigson.

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The meeting will be a casual style of meeting with geochat, all welcome between 12:30 – 13:00

The plaque is outside, so please dress appropriately for the weather.



Footnote: If anyone wants to run a Plaque Event please contact snaffler, and the host will be eligible for a badge for their profile.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

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Decryption Key


(letter above equals below, and vice versa)

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