The City of Halifax has many connections to the TITANTIC disaster. One of the major ones is the this cemetery, the final resting place of over 100 victims, some of them unidentified to this day. The grave markers are laid out in the shape of a ship's hull, and although it wasn't known at the time, laid out in the same direction that the bow of the ship is resting on the ocean floor, facing north-east. There are many stories to go with the markers. November 6, 2002, Alan Ruffman and Dr. Ryan Parr announced that the remains of the "unknown child" had finally been identified through DNA analysis. Blood samples provided by descendents of a child from Finland named Eino Panula matched the DNA extracted from the tiny bone fragment recovered from Fairview Lawn Cemetery. Eino, who was just over a year old at the time, was traveling as a third-class passenger with his mother and four brothers. Eino's mother, Emilia Maria Ojala, and father, Juho Panula, had married on February 14, 1892 before immigrating to Coal Center, a small community near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Five children were born in Coal Center before the family moved back to a small farm in western Finland in 1904. There, two more children were born, including Eino on March 10, 1911. Shortly thereafter, the Panulas decided to move back to Coal Center, and Juho preceded his family to the U.S. sometime in 1910 or 1911. Maria stayed, finalizing the sale of the family's farm on February 1, 1912 before booking third class tickets for her family on the Titanic to join her husband in America. None of the family members traveling on the Titanic survived the disaster, and Eino is the first of the Panulas to be identified. The discovery of the child's identity stands as the first time that an unknown victim of the 1912 Titanic sinking has been named through DNA analysis.
CORRECTION ON BABY's Identity
Titanic baby given new identity Wednesday, 1 August 2007, 12:29 GMT 13:29 UK
More than 1,500 people died in the Titanic disaster of 1912 A baby boy positively identified by DNA testing decades after he died when the Titanic sank has now been named as someone else. The boy was first said to be a Finnish boy aged 13 months, but experts now say he was a 19-month-old English child.
He was found dead floating in the waters of the North Atlantic six days after the luxury liner sank. Titanic was heading from Southampton to New York when it sank on 15 April 1912, killing 1,503 passengers and crew. After DNA testing in 2002, scientists declared they had identified the boy.
It's very easy to say you got this wrong, but nevertheless that is how science works, and you do change your ideas and you do change your theories Ryan Parr Lead researcher He was initially said to be Eino Panula, whose DNA was matched to living family members in Finland. But Canadian researchers now say that he was 19-month-old Sidney Leslie Goodwin, who was travelling on the Titanic with the rest of his family to start a new life in America.
"It's very easy to say you got this wrong, but nevertheless that is how science works, and you do change your ideas and you do change your theories," said Ryan Parr, the case's lead researcher at Lakehead University in Ontario. "The evidence was pretty conclusive at the time." Lasting symbol Based on the size of the child's teeth, scientists had been able to narrow the field of possible candidates to children of about one year old.
"There were some aspects that made us a bit uncomfortable, even though that's what the teeth experts were telling us," Mr Parr said. "So we pressed forward and did more DNA testing." A test on the child's HVS1, a type of mitochondria DNA molecule, did not match the Panula family, the researchers said.
The child was one of some 150 Titanic victims buried in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. For decades, the boy was known simply as the unknown child and regarded as a symbol of all the children who died in the sinking.
After he was first identified, his surviving Finnish relatives travelled to the grave for a high-profile ceremony. Although the Goodwin family has been informed of the discovery, it is not known whether they have any plans to visit the cemetery. .