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Details for Benchmark: KY1021

N 40° 53.000 W 080° 40.400 (NAD 83)

Altitude: 1114.87

Coordinates may not be exact. Altitude is ADJUSTED and location is SCALED. (more info)

Location:
In COLUMBIANA county, OH View Original Datasheet
Designation:
X 159
Marker Type:
bench mark disk
Setting:
light structures
Stability:
Mark of questionable or unknown stability.

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The mark is in good condition. I had to dig through 18 inches of dirt to find it. Add to description, the mark is 2 feet east of an orange witness post. My GPS coordinates: N 40° 53.009 W 80° 40.410.

[Photos:]
photoX 159 - Columbiana OH
photoLooking E toward mark
photoLooking W toward mark
photoLooking S toward mark
photoLooking S toward mark(distant view)

Documented History (by the NGS)

01/01/1950 by CGS (MONUMENTED)
01/01/1966 by NGS (GOOD)
DESCRIBED BY NATIONAL GEODETIC SURVEY 1966 1.1 MI SE FROM COLUMBIANA. ABOUT 1.1 MILES SOUTHEAST ALONG THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD FROM THE STATION AT COLUMBIANA, ABOUT 0.2 MILE SOUTHEAST OF MILEPOST P 59, SET ON THE TOP OF THE NORTHWEST END OF THE SOUTHWEST STONE CULVERT OVER A SMALL STREAM, 35 1/2 FEET SOUTHWEST OF THE SOUTHWEST RAIL OF THE NEAR TRACK, 1.2 FEET SOUTHEAST OF THE NORTHWEST END OF THE HEAD WALL, IN SECTION 10, R 2 W, T 12 N, AND ABOUT 15 FEET BELOW THE LEVEL OF THE TRACK.

Control Text

  • The horizontal coordinates were scaled from a topographic map and have an estimated accuracy of +/- 6 seconds.
  • The orthometric height was determined by differential leveling and adjusted by the National Geodetic Survey in June 1991.
  • The geoid height was determined by GEOID99.
  • The dynamic height is computed by dividing the NAVD 88 geopotential number by the normal gravity value computed on the Geodetic Reference System of 1980 (GRS 80) ellipsoid at 45 degrees latitude (g = 980.6199 gals.).
  • The modeled gravity was interpolated from observed gravity values.

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