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Details for Benchmark: KW2987

N 40° 30.921 W 076° 17.549 (NAD 83)

Altitude: 1644

Coordinates may not be exact. Altitude is SCALED and location is ADJUSTED. (more info)

Location:
In SCHUYLKILL county, PA View Original Datasheet
Designation:
WHITE HORSE RESET
Marker Type:
NGS Benchmark
Setting:
setting not listed - see description
Stability:

Reference Points

Must Read!

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I found this while hiking along the ridge with my cousin on a day long hike. We were looking for a nearby pond, as well as White Horse. I did not know what the triangle with the dot meant on the topo maps, but now I know. I would like to know a little more about this area and it's history, if anyone knows more, please message me.

We got there by using the old AT and bushwacking for a few hundred feet to a pond, and then to the ridge. When we got near the triangulation, we stumbled onto a still lit campfire, There was a rock thrown in at and some still melted cheese nearby. I guess someone heard us coming and left in a hurry.

Anyway neat, seemingly remote location. We saw many neat things along the way. I'm glad there is a waypoint to this page, I have been looking for some info on White Horse, and this is the closest I have gotten. I will add some pictures soon.

[Photos:]
photoReference marker 1
photoWhite Horse
photostrange fire
a lit fire we found about 100 feet away from the marker

This is easy to find but NOT easy to get to, at least the way I walked in. I looked at maps and figured it would be a pretty easy hike in along the AT, but I ended up doing about 1/4 mile of trail blazing along the ridge, after finding what had to have been the old AT, which runs much closer to the ridge than the current one, which turns south well to the west of this mark.

After I got there I found RM2 quickly, then the station, and then I measured to RM1. I clearly saw the three stone piles for the old tripod from 1934, although not wood was left at any of them. I also found the original 1882 stone laying beside the current marker. It was obviously pulled out of the ground and left there or used as a stone for the base of the tower.

[Photos:]
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA Disk
The station was about where I expected it, on the highest point of the ridge, and about where my GPSr showed it to be, after it settled down a bit.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA Disk
The disk is set in a rock set on end in the ground. Based on the description from 1882 I first searched the rock for US and WH on the sides, but realized that since they said a new mark was set (and they didn't say in the old stone), that this may be a new stone. That turned out to be right--read on.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA Area
The station from the north. In this picture you can see the remains of the three stone piles from the tripod legs. The ones to the left and right are most noticable. The south one has collapsed a bit more.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE RM2), Schuylkill County, PA
Reference mark 2 was my first find.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE RM2 ), Schuylkill County, PA
RM2, looking towards WHITE HORSE
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE RM1), Schuylkill County, PA
I had to measure to RM1, but it was very obvious once I did.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
One of the piles of stones around a tripod leg.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
5 feet from the station was this cut stone. I turned it over and there was US on the side!
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
It has WH on the other side but only the center line of the H can be seen in this picture.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
With the H outlined. The W is not visible enough here to even outline.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
The top of the stone.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), Schuylkill County, PA
The top of the stone with the X outlined where it is noticable.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE) Monument End
This is the bottom piece of the original monument. I broke it off so I would have a managable piece to carry back.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE) Rock Pile
In the background is the pile of stones that is mentioned as being built in 1885. The pile of stones closest to the camera is a pile from one of the tripod leg support piles.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE) carrying out the stone
This is Dean and his wife. Dean helped me drag the 57 lb monument top 3 miles out of the woods along the Appalachian Trail--a grueling trek to say the least.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), removing the stone
This is me carrying the monument. This is near the end of the 3 mile hike out and I am looking a bit worse for wear.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), monument
The monument on my coffee table.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), WH
The WH is visible in this picture after I shone a flashlight on it from the side.
photoKW2987 (WHITE HORSE), monument
The US side of the monument.
photoBenchmarking equipment

We were in the area doing some caches and found found 2 out of the three White Horse benchmarks.

Documented History (by the NGS)

01/01/1934 by CGS (MONUMENTED)
01/01/1882 by CGS (SEE DESCRIPTION)
DESCRIBED BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1882 (MM) STATION IS LOCATED ON THE BLUE RIDGE NEAR THE BOUNDARY LINE BETWEEN BETHEL TOWNSHIP, BERKS COUNTY, AND WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP, SCHUYLKILL COUNTY. THE NEAREST RAILROAD STATION IS ROCK ON THE SCHUYLKILL AND SUSQUEHANNA BRANCH OF THE READING RAILROAD. THE STATION IS ABOUT 4-1/2 MILES S OF ROCK. THE VILLAGE OF MILLERSBURG IS ABOUT 3 MILES S OF THE STATION. STATION IS MARKED BY A 2-QUART EARTHEN JAR ABOUT 5 INCHES IN DIAMETER, BURIED BASE UPWARD TWO FEET BELOW THE SURFACE. TWO INCHES ABOVE SAID JAR IS A FLAT STONE ABOUT 15 BY 18 INCHES WITH THE SEMBLANCE OF A HOLE DRILLED IN ITS UPPER SURFACE EXACTLY ABOVE THE CENTER OF THE JAR. ABOVE THE FLAT STONE IS SET A MONUMENT 2 FEET LONG AND ABOUT 6 INCHES SQUARE WHICH PROJECTS ABOUT 8 INCHES ABOVE THE SURFACE OF THE GROUND. ON THE N SIDE OF THE MONUMENT ARE CUT THE LETTERS U.S. AND ON THE S SIDE THE LETTERS W.H., ON THE TOP OF THE MONUMENT ARE CUT TWO DIAGONALS, AND THE INTERSECTION OF SAID DIAGONALS IS EXACTLY OVER THE CENTER OF THE JAR, AND THE CENTER OF THE SEMBLANCE OF A HOLE. TWO TRIPODS WERE ERECTED, THE HEIGHT OF THE INTERIOR ONE ABOUT 38 FEET. IN 1885 A PILE OF STONES WITH POST IN CENTER WAS BUILT 22 FEET 7-3/4 INCHES S 79 DEG E (MAGNETIC) FROM THE STATION. THE PILE OF STONES IS ABOUT 3 FEET HIGH, AND POST ABOUT 4 INCHES IN DIAMETER.
01/01/1934 by CGS (MARK NOT FOUND)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1934 (JSB) THIS STATION WAS SEARCHED FOR WITHOUT SUCCESS, IN THE COMPANY OF CHARLES WARNER, A SON OF HENRY WARNER, WHO HELPED BUILD THE TOWER. LATER A LETTER WAS RECEIVED FROM MR. WARNER STATING THAT THE MARK HAD BEEN FOUND. HE ALSO NOTIFIED THE DIRECTOR. MR WARNER WILL GUIDE PARTIES TO THE STATION. THERE IS A FOOTPATH THAT LEADS STRAIGHT UP THE SIDE OF THE MOUNTAIN DUE S OF ROCK RAILROAD STATION. ALSO AN OLD WAGON ROAD LEADING BY THE SITE OF THE OLD WARNER HOME. THE WAGON ROAD IS MUCH LONGER AND NOT MUCH LESS DIFFICULT THAN THE FOOTPATH. THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN HAS BEEN CUT OVER AND BURNED OVER RECENTLY. IT IS BARE EXCEPT FOR SCATTERING TREES AND OAK BRUSH ABOUT 4 FEET IN HEIGHT. CHARLES WARNER LIVES ABOUT 1/2 MILE FROM THE RAILROAD STATION. HIS BROTHER RUNS THE STORE AND IS THE POSTMASTER.
01/01/1934 by CGS (SEE DESCRIPTION)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1934 (JB) THIS FIRST-ORDER STATION IS LOCATED 13 MILES S OF POTTSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA AND ON THE SCHUYLKILL-BERKS COUNTY LINE WHERE THE LINE CROSSES THE MOUNTAIN, 525 PACES NE OF THE TRAIL THAT LEADS OVER THE MOUNTAIN. THE STATION CAN BE LOCATED BY THE 16-FOOT TOWER WHICH WAS LEFT INTACT, AND THERE IS A LARGE PILE OF STONES AT EACH CORNER OF THE STAND AND WILL MAKE A GOOD REFERENCE TO FINDING THE STATION. THE MARK IS A STANDARD DISK SET IN A 10- BY 9-INCH BOULDER THAT PROJECTS 14 INCHES ABOVE THE GROUND, 22 FEET SE OF A 5-FOOT PILE OF STONES. OLD STATION RECOVERED IN GOOD CONDITION AND USED. A NEW SURFACE MARK AND 2 REFERENCE MARKS WERE SET. REFERENCE MARK NO. 1 IS A STANDARD DISK, 18.730 METERS NE OF THE STATION, SET IN A LARGE ROCK THAT PROJECTS 3 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. REFERENCE MARK NO. 2 IS A STANDARD DISK, 14.805 METERS E OF THE STATION, SET IN A LARGE OVAL-SHAPED BOULDER. A 16-FOOT WOODEN TOWER WAS USED, BUT IT REQUIRED CONSIDERABLE CLEARING TO CLEAR ALL LINES. NO CUT-INS VISIBLE FROM THE GROUND.
01/01/1942 by CGS (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1942 (PLB) STATION WAS RECOVERED AS DESCRIBED AND ALL MARKS ARE IN GOOD CONDITION. A NEW DESCRIPTION FOLLOWS- STATION IS LOCATED ABOUT 525 PACES NE OF THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL. MARK IS SET IN A 9- BY 5-INCH PIECE OF STONE SET ON END AND SUPPORTED BY A PILE OF ROCKS. MARK IS STAMPED WHITE HORSE 1879 1934 AND PROJECTS ABOUT 1 FOOT. REFERENCE MARK NO. 1 IS 18.730 METERS NE OF THE STATION AND IS SET IN A FLAT BOULDER ABOUT 3 FEET IN DIAMETER. MARK IS STAMPED WHITE HORSE 1879 1934 NO. 1. REFERENCE MARK NO. 2 IS 14.805 METERS SE OF THE STATION AND IS SET IN A LARGE OVAL-SHAPED BOULDER. MARK IS STAMPED WHITE HORSE 1879 1934 NO. 2. AS THERE IS NOT SUITABLE PLACE FOR AN AZIMUTH MARK NONE WAS SET. TO REACH THE STATION FROM THE TOWN OF ROCK ON THE N SIDE OF THE RANGE GO SE ON A DIRT ROAD FROM THE HOTEL FOR 0.25 MILE, CROSSING RAILROAD, TURN RIGHT AND GO 0.25 MILE TO A THREE-PRONGED FORKS, TAKE LEFT FORK ACROSS THE BRIDGE, FOLLOW THIS ROAD TO WHERE IT TURNS LEFT TO A RED BARN, HERE CONTINUE STRAIGHT ON ALONG THE EDGE OF A FIELD FOR 0.3 MILE TO A WOODS ROAD. IT IS POSSIBLE TO DRIVE ABOUT A HALF MILE ALONG THIS ROAD BUT IS DIFFICULT TO TURN AROUND ON. FOLLOW THIS ROAD WHICH DWINDLES INTO A FOOTPATH TO THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN. TURN LEFT ALONG THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN FOR ABOUT 800 ORDINARY WALKING STEPS TO A PINE TREE WITH A TRIANGULAR BLAZE. CONTINUE ALONG THE TRAIL FOR ABOUT 200 PACES TO WHERE IT INTERSECTS THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL. FOLLOW THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL FOR ABOUT 100 PACES TO A SIGN HERTLEIN CABINS 1.4 MILES. TAKE LEFT FORK AND FOLLOW THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL (WHITE BLAZES) FOR ABOUT 450 PACES TO A TRIANGULAR-BLAZED PINE TREE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TRAIL. THE BLAZE IS ON THE S SIDE AND THE WHITE TRAIL MARKING BLAZES ON THE E AND W SIDES. CONTINUE ON THE MAIN TRAIL FOR 8 PACES, TURN SHARP LEFT AND FOLLOW A DIM TRAIL ALONG A ROCKY SLOPE TO THE STATION, A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 150 PACES. TO REACH THE STATION FROM THE S SIDE OF THE RANGE AT THE TOWN OF BETHEL, GO NORTHERLY ON THE ROAD LEADING TO PINE GROVE FOR 4.2 MILES TO THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL, TURN RIGHT AT SIGN HERTLEIN CABINS 3.8 MILES AND GO 0.7 MILE TO THE END OF THE ROAD. LEAVE THE TRUCK AND FOLLOW THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL (WHITE PAINT ON TREES AND ROCKS) TO WHERE IT IS INTERSECTED BY THE FOX TRAIL, TURN RIGHT AND FOLLOW THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL FOR ABOUT 100 PACES TO A SIGN HERTLEIN CABINS 1.4 MILES, TAKE LEFT FORK AND FOLLOW THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL FOR ABOUT 450 PACES TO A TRIANGULAR-BLAZED TREE IN THE CENTER OF THE TRAIL. THE BLAZE IS ON THE S SIDE AND THE WHITE TRAIL MARKING BLAZES ON THE E AND W SIDES. CONTINUE ON THE MAIN TRAIL FOR 8 PACES, TURN SHARP LEFT AND FOLLOW A DIM TRAIL ALONG A ROCKY SLOPE TO THE STATION, A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 150 PACES.

Control Text

  • The horizontal coordinates were established by classical geodetic methods and adjusted by the National Geodetic Survey in July 1986.
  • The orthometric height was scaled from a topographic map.
  • The Laplace correction was computed from DEFLEC99 derived deflections.
  • The geoid height was determined by GEOID99.

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