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Details for Benchmark: KX2220

N 40° 25.320 W 078° 10.076 (NAD 83)

Altitude: 2102

Coordinates may not be exact. Altitude is VERTCON and location is ADJUSTED. (more info)

Location:
In BLAIR county, PA View Original Datasheet
Designation:
HICKS
Marker Type:
survey disk
Setting:
in rock outcrop
Stability:

Must Read!

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Found while checking out the nearby geocache.

Found by mistake while searching for Tussey Mountain Mystery geocache. I will upload pictures as soon as I get them from my friends camera.

Found this while hiking to DocDitto's cache. This particular ridge is full of interesting things, even in the fog.

Found it on a wet, rainy, foggy morning. Hiked in from Mountain Road from the summit along the ridge top; returned to Mountain Road down the west slope from the arrow.

[Photos:]
photoRM with Azimuth in upper boulder

Here is a diagram of the nearby arrow marker created by gnbrotz during his visit to the area:

[Photos:]
photoArrow diagram

Instead of trying to go up all the woods roads mentioned in the description, I parked at the top of Tussey Mountain where the Mid State Trail comes down the road from the ridge top. I walked down the road about .2 of a mile and then headed into the woods for the remaining .15 mile hike to the benchmark. I found the survey disk, reference mark #1 and #2 exactly as desribed. I also found the concrete airway marker mentioned in the NGS description. I did some additional research on the airway marker once I got home, and got a great lesson on some forgotten history.

[Photos:]
photoKX2220
photoKX2220 RM 1
photoKX2220 RM 2
photoAirway Marker
photoAirway Marker Closeup

Documented History (by the NGS)

01/01/1941 by USGS (MONUMENTED)
DESCRIBED BY US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 1941 (GWL) STATION IS LOCATED ABOUT 3-1/2 MILES SE OF WILLIAMSBURG ON ONE OF THE SUMMITS OF A LONG TIMBERED RIDGE. IT IS ABOUT 50 PACES NNE OF AN OLD CONCRETE AIRWAY MARKER ARROW. MARK IS A STANDARD U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DISK, NOT STAMPED, SET IN A DRILL HOLE FLUSH WITH THE SURFACE OF A LARGE IRREGULAR BOULDER OUTCROP. REFERENCE MARK NO. 1 IS A STANDARD BRONZE DISK, STAMPED HICKS NO 1 1941, SET IN A DRILL HOLE IN A BOULDER. REFERENCE MARK NO. 2 IS A STANDARD BRONZE DISK, STAMPED HICKS NO 2 1941, SET IN A DRILL HOLE IN A BOULDER. THE AZIMUTH MARK, A STANDARD BRONZE DISK SET IN THE TOP OF A CONCRETE MONUMENT, IS IN THE VALLEY ON LAND OWNED AND OCCUPIED BY MRS. PARKER. IT IS ABOUT 20 FEET S OF THE CENTER OF A DIRT ROAD, ABOUT 1 FOOT E OF A N-S FENCE AND ABOUT 6 FEET S OF A TELEPHONE POLE IN A FENCE CORNER. IT IS STAMPED HICKS 1941 AND PROJECTS ABOUT 8 INCHES. A DIRECTION WAS TAKEN TO THE APEX OF THE CONICAL ROOF OF THE CYLINDRICAL RED BRICK SILO THAT IS NEAR THE NW CORNER OF THE LARGE YELLOW BARN ON MRS. PARKERS LAND. IT IS VISIBLE FROM THE GROUND AND CAN BE USED AS AN ADDITIONAL AZIMUTH MARK. TO REACH THE AZIMUTH MARK FROM CLOVER CREEK BRIDGE, CONTINUE ON OIL TOP ROAD LEFT FOR 1.4 MILES TO A T-ROAD, RIGHT. GO RIGHT FOR 0.8 MILE TO T-ROAD LEFT. GO LEFT AND GO 1.8 MILES TO T-ROAD RIGHT. GO RIGHT FOR 6.2 MILES TO END OF ROAD AND CROSS ROAD WITH SIGNS HUNTINGDON AND MCCONNELLSTOWN. GO RIGHT 3.0 MILES TO T-ROAD AT BRIDGE. GO RIGHT 4.2 MILES TO GRAVEL ROAD RIGHT. GO RIGHT 0.6 MILE TO CROSSROADS AND CONTINUE STRAIGHT AHEAD FOR 0.1 MILE TO AZIMUTH MARK ON LEFT. TO REACH THE STATION FROM THE TRAFFIC LIGHT IN WILLIAMSBURG, GO S ON THE MARKLESBURG ROAD FOR 2.0 MILES TO CLOVER CREEK BRIDGE. CROSS BRIDGE AND KEEP STRAIGHT AHEAD UP STEEP GRADED DIRT ROAD FOR 1.0 MILE TO A FORKS. TAKE LEFT FORK UP WOODS ROAD FOR 1.3 MILES TO OLD CONCRETE FOUNDATIONS. A TEN-MINUTE PACK CLIMB UP STEEP ROCKY TRAIL WILL REACH AIRWAY MARKER ARROW AND STATION. WITH A MODERATE AMOUNT OF CLEARING OF BRUSH AND SMALL TREES, WILL SEE IN ALL DIRECTIONS FROM THE GROUND.
01/01/1967 by CGS (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1967 (ELH) THE STATION MARK, REFERENCE MARKS NO. 1, NO. 2 AND THE AZIMUTH MARK WERE RECOVERED IN GOOD CONDITION AS DESCRIBED. DUE TO CHANGES OF THE LAND OWNERS AND IN THE ROADS AN ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION FOLLOWS. A DIFFERENCE IN DIRECTION TO THE REFERENCE MARKS AND THE AZIMUTH MARK WAS NOTED. THE STATION IS LOCATED ABOUT 3-1/2 MILES SOUTHEAST OF WILLIAMSBURG AND ABOUT 50 PACES NORTH-NORTHEAST OF AN OLD CONCRETE AIRWAYS MARKER ARROW. THE STATION IS LOCATED ON PROPERTY OWNED BY MR. KENNITH GARNER AND MR. R.G. VARNER. TO REACH THE STATION FROM THE INTERSECTION OF SECOND STREET AND HIGH STREET IN WILLIAMSBURG, GO EAST ON SECOND STREET AND A HARD SURFACED ROAD FOR 2.0 MILES TO A BRIDGE OVER CLOVER CREEK, CROSS THE BRIDGE AND GO SOUTHEAST UP HILL FOR 1.0 MILE TO A SIDE ROAD LEFT IN A CURVE, TURN LEFT AND GO EASTERLY ON A GRAVELED ROAD FOR 0.35 MILE TO A FORK, KEEP THE RIGHT FORK UP HILL FOR 0.55 MILE TO A FORK, KEEP THE RIGHT FORK AND CONTINUE UP HILL FOR 0.5 MILE TO A CONCRETE FOUNDATION ON THE LEFT AND END OF TRUCK TRAVEL. PACK EAST UP HILL TO TOP OF RIDGE AND A CONCRETE AIRWAYS MARKER ARROW THEN LEFT FOR ABOUT 40 YARDS TO A PROMINENT OUTCROP AND THE STATION. THE STATION IS A U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MARK CEMENTED IN A DRILL HOLE IN OUTCROPPING BEDROCK WHICH PROJECTS 3 FEET. THE DISK IS NOT STAMPED. REFERENCE MARK NO. 1 IS CEMENTED IN A DRILL HOLE IN OUTCROPPING BEDROCK WHICH PROJECTS 8 INCHES. IT IS A STANDARD DISK STAMPED HICKS NO 1 1941. REFERENCE MARK NO. 2 IS CEMENTED IN A DRILL HOLE IN OUTCROPPING BEDROCK WHICH PROJECTS 12 INCHES. IT IS A STANDARD DISK STAMPED HICKS NO 2 1941. THE AZIMUTH MARK IS 20 FEET SOUTH OF A FARM ROAD, 16 FEET SOUTHEAST OF A 18 INCH WALNUT TREE, 11 FEET SOUTH OF A WHITE BOARD GATE. IT IS A STANDARD DISK SET IN THE TOP OF A CONCRETE MONUMENT PROJECTING 10 INCHES AND IS STAMPED HICKS 1941. TO REACH THE AZIMUTH MARK FROM THE POST OFFICE IN MCCONNELLSBURG, GO SOUTHWEST ON STATE HIGHWAY 26 FOR 2.8 MILES TO A CROSS ROAD, CONTINUE SOUTHWEST ON STATE HIGHWAY 26 FOR 1.7 MILES TO A SIDE ROAD RIGHT, TURN RIGHT AND GO WEST FOR 0.6 MILE TO A CROSS ROAD, CONTINUE WEST FOR 0.1 MILE TO THE AZIMUTH MARK ON THE LEFT. THE MARK IS ON THE PROPERTY OF MR. DAN RAMBLER.
01/01/1975 by PADT (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY PA DEPT OF TRANSP 1975 (DBH) U.S.G.S. HICKS (1941) RECOVERED GOOD. FOUND AS DESCRIBED. DISTANCE AND DIRECTION FROM NEAREST TOWN--3-1/2 MILES S.E. OF WILLIAMSBURG.

Control Text

  • The horizontal coordinates were established by classical geodetic methods and adjusted by the National Geodetic Survey in July 1986.
  • The NAVD 88 height was computed by applying the VERTCON shift value to the NGVD 29 height (displayed under SUPERSEDED SURVEY CONTROL.)
  • The Laplace correction was computed from DEFLEC99 derived deflections.
  • The geoid height was determined by GEOID99.

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