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Pevnost Leopoldov / Leopoldov Fortress

A cache by robin11 Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 06/04/2010
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:


Pevnost Leopoldov[SK]

Tato jednoducha cache Vas privedie k murom niekdajsej protitureckej pevnosti. V sucasnosti sluzi objekt ako vaznica.

Historia

Zalozenie pevnosti Leopoldov spada do druhej polovice 17. storocia, ktore sa v Europe vyznacovalo tureckymi vojnami a protireformaciou.

Pevnost bola odovzdana svojmu ucelu v roku 1669. Nad zapadnou branou to hlasa napis z velkych kovovych pismen, ktory znie:
L.I.D.G.R.I.S.A.A.A.H.B.R. - 1669

Su to inicialy latinskeho textu:
Leopoldus I, Dei Gratia Romanorum Imperator, Semper Augustus Archidux Austriae, Hungeriae, Bohemiseque Rex. - Anno 1669.
V preklade: Leopold prvy, z Bozej milosti rimsky cisar, vzdy vzneseny, rakuske arciknieza, uhorsky a cesky kral. Rok 1669.

Povodny nazov hradu je Leopoldopolis, dalej Leopoldina, Leopoldstadt, Gecit Ujvar, Leopoldvar, Lipotvar, ludove Leopold, Opold a Leopoldov.

Navrh stavby pevnosti vypracoval cisarsky vojensky inzinier Jozef Priami v roku 1665, pricom sa opieral o zasady, uplatnene v 16. storoci pri vystavbe Novych Zamkov a talianskej pevnosti Palma Nova, podla vzoru vtedajsich neskoro renesancných talianskych pevnostnych stavieb.
Pevnost Leopoldov ma hviezdicovy podorys v tvare pravidelneho sestuholnika. Ulicna siet bola rozlozena lucovite. Sest vysunutych bast tvorilo male pevnostky, po oboch stranach boli umiestnene strielne pre dela, ktorymi strielali na nepriatela v kriznej palbe.

Pevnost ma dve brany: vychodnu od Hlohovca a zapadnu od obce Leopoldov. Vchod do pevnosti tvorili padacie mosty, ktore sa na noc a v case nebezpecenstva zatvarali. Mury su z kamena, zaklady pevnosti a narozia bast z velkych kamennych kvadrov. Mury su sikme. Vyska cini 10 m, sirka 25 m a hrubka bast az 50 m. Vnutorny priemer medzi branami je 320 m a priecna vzdialenost od rohu jednej basty na roh druhej basty je 600 m. Na takom malom priestore bola vybudovana mocna pevnost, ktoru ziadny nepriatel nedobyl utokom.

Medzi murami hradu a vonkajsimi valmi sa nachadzali hlboke a siroke priekopy, pocas nebezpecenstva a nepriatelskeho utoku napustene vodou z nedalekeho Vahu. Takto sa zabranil pristup nepriatela k murom pevnosti. Vychodny kanal este aj teraz jestvuje a pouziva sa na odpad vody.

Dobove obrazy

Odporucana cesta

Pre pohodlny pristup ku cache odporucam zaparkovat pri panelakovej zastavbe a dalej pokracovat pesi po cesticke smerom k pevnosti. Po dorazeni na odbocku treba prejst kratky usek po vyslapanej cesticke cez zito a pokracovat severne popri hradbach.
Poznamka: Existuje aj niekolko alternativnych ciest, ale tato je najkratsia.

Upozornenia

  • Nefotografujte objekt! Je to zakazane.
  • Pozor na prhlavu, komarov a inu haved :)
  • Prineste si pero

Leopoldov fortress[EN]

This simple cache will bring you to the walls of former counter-turkish fortress. Currently, this facility is a prison.

Short history

Leopoldov fortress has been founded on second half of 17th. century. These times in Europe are characterized as times of Ottoman wars and counter-reformation.

The fortress has been given to it's purpose in 1669. There is an inscription over the west gate: L.I.D.G.R.I.S.A.A.A.H.B.R. - 1669

Those are initials of text in latin:
Leopoldus I, Dei Gratia Romanorum Imperator, Semper Augustus Archidux Austriae, Hungeriae, Bohemiseque Rex. - Anno 1669. (Titles of Leopold I.)

Original names of the fortress are Leopoldopolis, then Leopoldina, Leopoldstadt, Gecit Ujvár, Leopoldvár, Lipótvár or familiarly Leopold, Opold and Leopoldov.

Fortress was projected by Jozef Priami in 1665. He was inspired by fortresses New Castles (Slovakia) and Palma Nova (Italy).

Leopoldov fortress has regular hexagonal ground plan with two gates: eastern from Hlohovec town and western from Leopoldov town.

Historical pictures

Recommended path

For convenient access to cache it is recommended to park near to block of flats (way-point Parkovisko). Next, continue walking down the street towards the fortress. After approximately 5 minutes of walk turn left towards walls through the rye (way-point Odbocka) and continue north by fortification. Then you will be near the cache in no time.
Note: There are also some alternative paths but this one is the shortest.

Cautions

  • Don't make photographs of the object. It's forbidden!
  • Watch out for nette, mosquitos and other bugs :)
  • Bring your own pen

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

FX: qhgvan fgebzh
RA: n ubyr va gur gerr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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