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Travel Bug Dog Tag Bead-Thurber Clear Stone TB

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Owner:
shellbadger Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Released:
Wednesday, June 4, 2014
Origin:
Texas, United States
Recently Spotted:
Unknown Location

This is not collectible.

Use TB6BNV8 to reference this item.

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Current GOAL

Please drop this item in rural or Premium Member Only caches.  Do not place it in an urban cache or leave it behind at a caching event.  Transport the bug in the original plastic bag for as long as the bag lasts; this prevents the chain and tag tangling with other items.  Otherwise, take this travel bug anywhere you wish.  No permission needed to leave the U.S.

About This Item

beadclearroundstone

This is one of a series of large beads obtained from different places and converted into travel bugs.  They are named for Texas towns with interesting names or histories.

Though it is a ghost town today, Thurber once had a population of perhaps as many as 8,000 to 10,000. At that time (1918–20) it was the principal bituminous-coal-mining town in Texas. The site of the town is in the northwest corner of Erath County.  Isolation forced the operators to recruit miners from other states and from overseas; large numbers of workers came from Italy, Poland, the United States, Britain, and Ireland, with smaller numbers from Mexico, Germany, France, Belgium, Austria, Sweden, and Russia. Black miners from Indiana worked in the mines during the labor troubles of the 1880s.  The force of predominantly foreign workers, many of whom spoke little or no English, enabled the company to maintain a repressive environment for many years.  Following inability to meet a payroll and a resulting strike by miners, the owners sold out in the fall of 1888 to founders of the Texas and Pacific Coal Company, including Robert Dickey Hunter, who became president of the new company, and H. K. Thurber of New York, for whom the town was named.

Colonel Hunter chose to deal with the dissident miners with an iron hand. The new company fenced a portion of its property and within the enclosure constructed a complete town and mining complex.  It included schools, churches, saloons, stores, houses, an opera house seating over 650, a 200-room hotel, an ice and electric plant, and the only library in the county.  Eventually the strike ended, and the miners and their families moved into the new town.  In addition to the mines, the company operated commissary stores.  

In 1897 a second industry came to the town, a large brick plant; Hunter was also a partner in this operation, which, although it was separate from the mining company's holdings, used clay found on company property.  A stockade, armed guards, and a barbed wire fence, restricted labor organizers, peddlers, and other unauthorized personnel from entering the town.

Despite the retirement of Colonel Hunter in 1899, Thurber remained a company-dominated community.  Continuation of suppressive activities resulted in a concentrated effort by the United Mine Workers to unionize the Thurber miners.  Following the induction in 1903 of more than 1,600 members into the Thurber local of the UMW, the company opened negotiations with the workers and reached an agreement resulting in harmonious labor-management relations.  

Thurber gained recognition as the only 100 percent closed-shop city in the nation.  The victory at Thurber indicated what unions might accomplish with effective leadership and more congenial opponents than employers like Colonel Hunter, even when confronted with problems as difficult as organizing diverse ethnic groups.  Despite occasional strikes, basic labor-management harmony prevailed, and Thurber remained a union stronghold until the demise of mining operations in the 1920s.

Gallery Images related to Bead-Thurber Clear Stone TB

View All 4 Gallery Images

Tracking History (1036.3mi) View Map

Dropped Off 6/16/2015 shellbadger placed it in Lakeside Cache Texas - 19.07 miles  Visit Log
Grab It (Not from a Cache) 6/16/2015 shellbadger grabbed it   Visit Log

Moving it to the cache it was dropped in.

Write note 6/14/2015 sparklegrrl posted a note for it   Visit Log

Dropped off! :)

Discovered It 3/14/2015 TheGreenTool discovered it   Visit Log

TFTT
TheGreenTool

Retrieve It from a Cache 3/14/2015 sparklegrrl retrieved it from Precinct 4 GeoChallenge #46 - Spring Creek Park Texas   Visit Log

Will help it on its way!

Dropped Off 3/14/2015 Huff-Suter placed it in Precinct 4 GeoChallenge #46 - Spring Creek Park Texas - 9.06 miles  Visit Log
Visited 3/14/2015 Huff-Suter took it to I'd rather discover LARGE TRACKABLES Texas - 141.37 miles  Visit Log
Visited 3/7/2015 Huff-Suter took it to Precinct 4 GeoChallenge #57-Mercer Botanic Gardens Texas - 151.75 miles  Visit Log
Visited 12/27/2014 Huff-Suter took it to Texas County Challenge Texas - 232.4 miles  Visit Log
Visited 12/27/2014 Huff-Suter took it to Peaceful Cedars Texas - 219.57 miles  Visit Log
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