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Travel Bug Dog Tag Texana-Wichita TB03

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Owner:
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Released:
Wednesday, March 18, 2015
Origin:
Texas, United States
Recently Spotted:
In the hands of ameruni.

This is not collectible.

Use TB6RCHW to reference this item.

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Current GOAL

Please drop this item in rural OR Premium Member Only caches.  Do not place it in an urban cache or abandon it at a caching event.  Transport the bug in the original plastic bag for as long as the bag lasts; the bag keeps the trackable clean and prevents tangling with other items.  Otherwise, take the travel bug anywhere you wish.  No permission is needed to leave the U.S.

Photos in the travel bug logs are appreciated.  I will be re-post them here, where they can be seen by other cachers.

About This Item

texArrowheadplastiyellow

This travel bug is one of several commemorating the major Indian tribes native to the land of what is now Texas from historic times (in general from the 18th century).  The term tribe applies to peoples who spoke the same language and and shared the same customs and rituals.  There are many other tribes and lesser-known bands occupying Texas than are acknowledged here.   Some of these were never large enough to be considered a major tribe, others ceased to exist before the 1700s (assimilation and disease), some these were driven into the region by European-American expanansion (Cherokee, Kickapoo, Tigua, Alabama, others), and finally some could not be classified because they were never seen by keen observers while their language and ways were still intact.  The Cohuiltecans of south Texas fit all these criteria.  It would be a mistake to assume that these tribes are insignificant in the history of Texas.  Below is a brief narrative of the presence of one major tribe from historic times.  Much of the information is from the online Texas Almanac.  

The Wichita tribe of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy.  The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti'sh, meaning "raccoon eyes," because the designs of tattoos around the men's eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.  In central Kansas in 1541 the Coronado expedition visited Indians whom Coronado called Quiviras and who have been identified by archeological and historical studies as Wichitas.   By 1719 these people had moved south to Oklahoma and were called Ousitas by the French trader Jean Baptiste Bénard de La Harpe.  From the 1750s to 1810 one band of the Wichita Indians was on the Red River north of the site of present Nocona, Texas.  The Wichitas, during this period, were prominent middlemen in the trade between the Comanches on the plains and Louisiana merchants and were at the zenith of their power and prestige.  Warriors of the band accompanied the Comanches in the attack on the Spanish Santa Cruz de San Sabá Mission in 1758. The Red River villages withstood a retaliatory strike by the Spanish in 1759.   In the period 1772 to 1805  bands of Wichitas were observed in the region between the Red River (Oklahoma-Texas border) and San Antonio.

For reasons not clearly understood, the Wichita declined after about 1810, although periodically thereafter until the 1850s villages of Wichita were located on the Wichita and Brazos rivers of Texas and the Wichita Mountains of Oklahoma, near present day Fort Sill.  A village near Rush Springs, Oklahoma,  was destroyed in 1858 by a United States military force pursuing hostile Comanches who were camped nearby.  Survivors joined remnants of other bands of the Wichita confederacy on the Washita River in 1859 and, when the Civil War broke out, fled with them to Kansas.  After the Civil War they were relocated to the Wichita Reservation near present Anadarko, Oklahoma.   In the 1990s the Wichita group still existed as a federally recognized governmental entity. Significant and continuing influence of the name Wichita is found in North Texas in the name of a river, the name of a county, and the name of a prominent city, Wichita Falls. Wichita, Kansas, owes its name to the early presence of the tribe in that area.

The Wichitas were dependent on both agriculture and hunting for subsistence.  They lived in villages of dome-shaped grass houses, farmed extensive fields of corn, tobacco, and melons along the streams where they made their homes, and left their villages for annual hunts during which time they cached their stores of agricultural goods in the ground along the banks of streams.  Slightly darker in color than other native people of Texas, the Wichitas were distinguished by their elaborate tattoos, the scalp-lock worn by the men, and the custom of the women to remain nude from the waist up.  They had little ritualistic religion, but were impressed by the natural forces around them and gave expression to them in an elaborate mythology.  Although warriors by tradition, the men, as well as women, tended to be friendly toward strangers, avoided confrontations unless provoked, and were noted for their hospitality. Their villages were landmarks on the southern plains, were well laid out, and were clearly distinguishable by their grass lodges and nearby fields.

Gallery Images related to Texana-Wichita TB03

View All 2 Gallery Images

Tracking History (7118.5mi) View Map

Visited 7/25/2017 ameruni took it to Where would a bird sleep? New York - 1.55 miles  Visit Log
Retrieve It from a Cache 7/17/2017 ameruni retrieved it from Kentons LFL GC New York   Visit Log

Picked out up from an interesting cache. Will move it along soon.

Discovered It 7/16/2017 Gene_Hunter discovered it   Visit Log

Discovered in Kentons LFL GC where my sister, ameruni, picked it up to move on.

Visited 7/16/2017 ameruni took it to Haunted tree New York - 5.16 miles  Visit Log

Took this TB up a tree with me while looking for Tonawanda Indians on the Tonawanda Creek. The Tonawanda Indians are a band of the Seneca Indians, one of the 5 (before 1722, now 6) nations of the Iroquois Confederacy.

Dropped Off 7/1/2017 rocksolid4444 placed it in Kentons LFL GC New York - 88.91 miles  Visit Log

Found the TB in Meadville PA! I took it to splash lagoon and dropping it in my favorite cache in Buffalo NY!

Visited 6/25/2017 rocksolid4444 took it to Summer Never Ends Pennsylvania - 30.08 miles  Visit Log

On our way home quick visit to splash lagoon!

  • TB6RCHW Log Image uploaded from Geocaching® App
Retrieve It from a Cache 6/24/2017 rocksolid4444 retrieved it from AGT-Crawford- "Visit Crawford County." Pennsylvania   Visit Log

Picked up and will move!

Dropped Off 6/17/2017 jillball14 placed it in AGT-Crawford- "Visit Crawford County." Pennsylvania - 12.32 miles  Visit Log

Dropped!

Retrieve It from a Cache 4/17/2017 jillball14 retrieved it from AGT-Crawford-Fish, Fish, Ducks Pennsylvania   Visit Log

Picked up and will drop!

Dropped Off 10/19/2016 CuriousGeorge59 placed it in AGT-Crawford-Fish, Fish, Ducks Pennsylvania - 39.39 miles  Visit Log
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