Travel-St. Francis Basilica TB02
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Saturday, March 21, 2015
Texas, United States
In Bavois Bivouac (TB Camping)
This is not collectible.
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Please drop this item in rural OR Premium Member Only caches. Do not place it in an urban cache or abandon it at a caching event. Transport the bug in the original plastic bag for as long as the bag lasts; the bag keeps the trackable clean, protects the number and prevents tangling with other items. Otherwise, take the travel bug anywhere you wish. No permission is needed to leave the U.S.
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About This Item
The Papal Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Order of Friars Minor, commonly known as the Franciscan Order. It is in Assisi, Italy, the city where St. Francis was born and died. The basilica is one of the most important places of Christian pilgrimage in Italy. With its accompanying friary, Sacro Convento, the basilica is a distinctive landmark to those approaching Assisi.
The basilica, which was begun in 1228, is built into the side of a hill (see the second pano photo) on the edge of the city. The basilica comprises two churches known as the Upper Church and the Lower Church, and a crypt where the remains of the saint are interred. The interior of the Upper Church is an important early example of the Gothic style in Italy. The Upper and Lower Churches are decorated with frescoes by numerous late medieval painters from the Roman and Tuscan schools, and include works by Cimabue, Giotto, Simone Martini, Pietro Lorenzetti and possibly Pietro Cavallini. The range and quality of the works gives the basilica a unique importance in demonstrating the development of Italian art of this period.
At the top of the hill overlooking the city and countryside is medieval castle. The Rocca Maggiore is a massive presence meant to intimidate the people of the town. It was built by Cardinal Albornoz in 1367 and later expanded by popes Pius II (1458) and Paul III (1535-1538).
Assisi is also the birthplace of St. Clare, the founder of the Order of Poor Clares. Her cathedral has a museum of relics related to her.
Busloads of tourists crowd the main streets. However, Asissi has beautiful side streets to stroll, with many structures having interesting architectural features. Many date to the Roman period.
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