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Hladova zed / The Hunger Wall

A cache by Marecek Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 1/14/2007
Difficulty:
1 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

Hladová zed



CZ: KES SE NACHAZI V PETRINSKYCH SADECH, BLIZKO MISTA KDE CESTA PROCHAZI ZDI.
EN: THE CACHE IS LOCATED IN PETRIN PARK NEAR THE PLACE WHERE THE WAY IS GOING THROUGHT THE WALL.



CZ: Hladová zed ...nekdy nazývaná také Zubatá nebo Chlebová, je opuková hradba na pražském Petríne, kterou nechal v letech 1360 - 1362 postavit ceský král Karel IV., aby zesílil mestské opevnení Pražského hradu a Malé Strany proti útoku ze západu a jihu. Puvodne byla približne 4–4,5 m vysoká a 1,8 m široká. V horní cásti byla opatrena cimburím, ochozem, strílnami a nekolika (údajne osmi) predsunutými vežemi (bastiony). Táhla se od Újezdu až po Strahov a dál za nej k Hradcanum. V roce 1624 byla zed opravena, a v polovine 18. století z príkazu císarovny Marie Terezie dále opevnena. Behem dlouhé doby existence zdi byly provádeny mnohé další opravy (v moderní dobe napr. 1923–5, 1975) a ruzne probourávány a opet zazdívány pruchody skrz zed. Jeden z bastionu (petiboká predsunutá vež) Hladové zdi tvorí základ hlavní kopule dnešní Štefánikovy hvezdárny a na Hladové zdi provádel svá merení reditel klementinské hvezdárny Martin Alois David, když stanovoval rozdíl zemepisných poloh Prahy a Dráždan. Zdi se zacalo ríkat „Hladová“ až pozdeji ve vztahu k hladomoru, který vypukl v roce 1361. V té dobe na stavbe pravdepodobne našla obživu cást nezamestnané mestské chudiny a podle povestí práve pomoc chudým byla úcelem budování zdi. Skutecné zámery však byly nepochybne ciste strategické, nehlede na to, že hladomor prišel až potom, kdy zed již byla rozestavena. Nepravdivé povesti jsou zachyceny napr. i v historických spisech Václava Hájka z Libocan nebo Bohuslava Balbína, který ve svém vlasteneckém díle píše: Karel proto tak cinil, aby milované mesto rodné pred úkladem neprátel ochránil a též proto, aby lidu pražskému, hladem práve strádajícímu, výživy poskytl. Císar nazýval delníky na stavbe zamestnané svou vrele milovanou rodinou. Každodenne k lidu na Petríne pracujícímu sám docházel. Oblékna pak haleny delnické sám, Karel pri stavbe pracoval po nekolik hodin denne.


EN: Hladová zed (The Hunger Wall) ...is a medieval defence wall in Prague, today's Czech Republic. It was built on Petrín Hill during 1360 - 1362 by order of Charles IV. Marl from quarries on Petrín Hill was used as construction material. Purpose of the construction was to strengthen fortifications of Prague Castle and Malá Strana against attack from the west or south. Originally the wall was 4-4.5 meters high and 1.8 meter wide, was equipped with battlement and with (probably) eight bastions. The wall was repaired in 1624, further strengthened in the middle of 18th century and repaired or modified several times later (in modern era in 1923-25 and 1975). One of preserved bastions serves as a base for the dome of Štefánik Observatory. The name and associated myths The wall was originally called Zubatá (with teeth) or Chlebová (bread like), the adjective Hladová (hunger) has appeared after famine in 1361, when the building provided livelihood for city poor. According to myths, the purpose of the wall was not strategic but to feed the poor. Another myth, recorded in writings of Václav Hájek z Libocan or Bohuslav Balbín, is that the Emperor (Charles IV) himself had worked here several hours every day "to help his beloved people". Although the myths associated with the wall are naive and false, in Czech language of recent era the term hladová zed turned into derogatory synonym of useless public works.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

PM: WI fgenan fgral, qrwgr cbmbe nol inf Uynqbin mrq arcbxbhfnyn
RA: FR fvgr bs gur jnyy, or pnershyy gung Gur Uhatel jnyy pna ovgr lbh

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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Last Updated: on 5/4/2018 3:01:19 AM Pacific Daylight Time (10:01 AM GMT)
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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