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The town as well as its surroundings started developing in the XIII century as a state centre. According to annals, Grand Duke Gediminas after a successful hunt found a beautiful place not far from the then capital Kernave and decided to build a castle here.
That is how a new castle was built in Old Trakai which at that time was called Trakai.
The town of Trakai was first mentioned in German annals in 1337, which is regarded to be the official date of its foundation.
When Grand Duke Gediminas finally settled in Vilnius, Old Trakai was inherited by his son the Duke Kestutis. This is the birthplace of the most famous ruler of Lithuania - Vytautas Didysis.
During the reign of Kestutis New Trakai was a place of intensive construction: one castle was built in the strait between lakes Galve and Lukos, another one - on an island in lake Galve.
A village grew around the castle.
The approaches of Trakai were protected by Old Trakai, Streva, Brazuole, Danilishkes and other mounds.
When Vytautas became the vassal ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Trakai became a political and an administrative centre.
Construction of the castles was finished and a catholic church was built.
The distinctive feature of Trakai is that the town was built and preserved by people of different nationalities. Here lived communities of Karaites, Tartars, Lithuanians, Russians and Polish.
Both Christian and Karaites communities were granted separate self-government - Magdeburg - rights.
Trakai lost its political significance in the XVI century. It also declined economically.
During the war with Russia in the XVII century the town was plundered and burnt, the castles were destroyed.
The island castle was rebuilt in the second half of the XX century.
There has been a history museum in the castle since 1962. In summer different festivals and concerts take place in the island castle.
Trakai is a town built on water. The town is surrounded by Lukos (Bernardiniu), Totorishkiu, Galves, Akmenos, Gilushio lakes.
There are a number of architectural, cultural and historical monuments in Trakai.
The cache is availiable in winter
orybj n fznyy ohfu