Gombasecká jaskyna - Gombasecká Cave
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It is located between Rozňava and Plesivec in the Slovak Karst National Park and Biospheric Reserve.
The localization The Gombasecka Cave is situated in the Slovenske Rudohorie Mts., geomorphological whole Slovak karst and subwhole the Silicka planina Plateau. The Gombasecka Cave entrance geographical coordinates are 48o33'46'' N.g.latitude and 20o28'02'' E.g.longitude and the cave is counted in the village Slavec land-register in Roznava district. The spring of the Cierny potok Brook outflowed from the cave is on the altitude of 244 m a.s.l. Short report The Gombasecka Cave is a spring cave of the large underground hydrologic system of the stream Cierny potok (Black Brook) in western part of the Silicka planina Plateau in the Slovak karst The Silicka ladnica Ice Cave is further known part of this system.
The Gombasecka Cave rose in light wetterstein limestones of the Middle Triassic Age. The oval-shape passages are created in two altitude levels alongside the tectonic breakdowns by erosion activity of the Cierny potok stream. The Gombasecka Cave is geologically young cave therefore there isn't seen any alternations of the accumulation and erosion phases. Dripstone decoration is unique by forests of the thin long (up to 3 m) straw and spaghetti stalactites of the white and pink colors. Few domes and passages are decorated by this beautiful splendour looked like a stone rain. The pagoda-shaped and cone-shaped stalagmites are remarkable too.
Cavers from Roznava headed V. Rozloznik discovered the cave at November 21, 1951. In 1955 the cave was opened to public. There is a part of the exposition tour 300 m length. The total length of the cave is 1525 m.
History of the Gombasecka Cave exploration The mighty spring of the underground waters on a slope foot of the Silicka planina Plateau near today's the Gombasecka Cave enticed an attention of the cavers long time. V. Benicky as well as J. Majko said about existence of the new cave system between the Silicka ladnica Ice Cave and Cierna vyvieracka Spring (Black Spring) in 1934. The hydrologic problems of this system were solved and its existence was supposed on the whole riverbasin geomorphological conditions base also by Z. Roth (1939). The exploration has been started only after the Slovak Speleological Society foundation in 1949. The Cierna Spring near the village Gombasek attracted the mining surveyor V.Rozloznik, who has decision to penetrate into this one by the outflowing riverbed water level lows. With L.Herenyi, S.Roda, A.Abonyi, A.Rusnak and S.Ivanec all together were successful at the November 21, 1951 by the penetration again the Cierny potok stream, and this way they discovered the Gombasecka Cave passages.
Works began on the cave opening for tourists' public after discovery immediately. The new cave entrance is opened 11 m above the Cierna vyvieracka Spring and one was artificially joined with the Objavna chodba (the Discovery Passage) in 1952. In the following years the cave was investigated and made accessible that on May 15, 1955 the cave was opened for the larger public. In the 60th years the detail microclimatic investigation of the cave leaded S. Roda was realized. The speleotherapeutic spa for asthmatic disorders was being functioned in the cave from 1968 to 1993.
Description of the Gombasecka Cave
The Gombasecka Cave is a spring cave of the large underground hydrologic system of the stream Cierny potok (Black Brook). The system is originated in the western part of the Silicka planina Plateau. First branch of the system begins in the ponor Fararova jama at the village Silica. Second branch begins in the Cervena Cave (Red Cave), what represents a dry ponor cave, near the village Silicka Brezova. Only the Silicka ladnica Ice Cave is known from first branch of the cave system in upper part.
The Gombasecka Cave is evolved in light wetterstein limestones (Middle Triassic). Its passages were originated alongside the tectonic breakdowns with mainly oval-shape profiles. They have been created by erosion activity of the Cierny potok stream and it's lateral inflows. To the cave passages increase of main domes and halls have contributed in the great scale the rock boulder breaking off and falling down from the ceiling and walls.
Today the Gombasecka Cave represents a cave of the autochthonous river type what is created in a karst plateau with high altitude difference between water ponors on the plateau and erosion basis at a foot of the plateau. It is geologically young cave therefore is impossible to see the accumulation stages change with the erosion ones.
The important places, which can be found in the cave are the Sucha chodba (Dry Passage). This is remarkable by the clear white dripstones. The Sucha chodba Passage is passing through into the Mramorova sien (Marble Hall) with 30 x 20 x 4 m dimensions. There is a heap of the stalagmites in the chamber. A roof of the Mramorova sien Hall is decorated by a glass splendid forest of the thin white stalactites passed to the red color. The next noteworthy chamber is the Sien mieru (Hall of Peace) in which thin sinter straws and spaghetti of the white and pink colors overcrowd a ceiling of the hall. Their diameter is 0.5 cm and length up to 3 m. They are looking an impression of stoned rain on the brown red structure of limestone's walls. A cleft corridor connects the Sien mieru Hall with the Sien Mudrosti (Hall of Wisdom) with 10 x 15 x 9 m dimensions, which was appeared by the fall down. A dripstone decoration of the hall is mainly created by pagoda-shaped stalagmites (still 2 m height) from which the 60 cm high stalagmite of owl form is attractive for considering as a wisdom sign. From the Wisdom Hall the cave continues by the Hlinena chodba (Clay Passage), evolved on the fissure by the large of 1-2 m and 5-8 m height.
Next dome - the Brkovy dom (Quill Dome) - is covered by the yellow brown clay sediments of the 8 m thickness. From this dome it is possible to go down to the Cierny potok stream, what is inflow to here from SE, from the Silicka ladnica Ice Cave area. The cave total length is 1525 m.
Protection of the Gombasecka Cave
The reasons for protection of the cave The Gombasecka Cave is still permanently geologically living cave. The unique adornment represented by the spaghetti stalactites of the length up to 3 m is remarkable and rare. A growth of the dripstone decoration is continued all the time. The Gombasecka Cave made accessible from 1955 begins to be one of the most visited caves in Slovakia. There had been successful used the speleotherapeutic methods in the cave more twenty years. There is desirable a conservation of the microclimatic conditions and the sterility of the air in the cave.
The impairs of the original status
There is a large carrier on a canyon slope, what is opposite to the cave. Blast firings of the rock in the carrier represent a main peril for the cave decoration, namely for the long and thin spaghetti stalactites. The agreement was concluded for excluding of the most dangerous gopher-hole blasts. The straw and spaghetti stalactites are very sensitive to the microclimatic conditions in the cave. An unsuitable draught can set oscillations of the frangible sinter straws to their shattering.
The protection steps
The Gombasecka Cave is a Nature Protected Phenomena proclaimed by the Amendment of the Ministry of Culture of SSR No. 9279/1972-OP from the December 28, 1972. From 1995 the Act on Environment Protection took effect that all caves are the National Monuments. Protection of the cave is ensuring by organizations: The Management of the Slovak karst Protected Landscape Area, The District Administration for the Environment of the Roznava district and The Management of the Slovak Show Caves. The cave is closed by steel doors. A part of the cave is shown for public. An access in the other parts is possible with a permit of the Management of the Slovak Shown Caves only. The exploration works can't be realized by a blasting. The research of the hydrologic conditions, the microbiol.
There are some questions:
1.Make a picture in front of the entrance to the cave with GPS or in front of a souvenir shop. Voluntarily.
2.What is conducive to faling the quills?
3.What is speleotherapy?
4.Which is the longest found troglobiot?
5.How long are the longest quills in the cave?
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