A ford is a low-water crossings, or low-water bridge that is shallow enough to be crossed by wading, on horseback, or in a wheeled vehicle. (a process known, fittingly, as "fording"). A ford is a much cheaper form of river-crossing than a bridge but it may become impassable after heavy rain or during flood condition.
The names of many towns and villages are derived from such places, e.g. Oxford (a ford where oxen crossed the river or Stratford (a ford on a Roman road) Similarly, the German word furt as in Frankfurt.
In historic times fords were often a strategic military point, many famous battles were fought at or near fords.
This ford is located near the Historic Wagner farm Arboretum, Warren NJ.