Orogeny (Greek for "mountain generating") is the process of natural mountain building.
The Alpine orogeny (sometimes also called Alpide orogeny) is an orogenic phase in the Tertiary that formed the mountain ranges of the Alpide belt. These mountains include (from west to east) the Atlas, the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Dinaric Alps, the Hellenides, the Balkan, the Taurus, the Caucasus, the Alborz, the Zagros, the Hindu Kush, the Pamir, the Karakoram, and the Himalayas.
The Alpine orogeny occurred when the continents Africa and India and the small Cimmerian plate collided (from the south) with Eurasia in the north. Convergent movements between the tectonic plates (the Indian plate and the African plate from the south, the Eurasian plate from the north, and many smaller plates and microplates) began already in the early Cretaceous, but the major phases of mountain building began in the Paleocene (The Paleocene or Palaeocene, "early dawn of the recent", is a geologic epoch that lasted from 65.5 ± 0.3 Ma to 55.8 ± 0.2 Ma (million years ago).to Eocene ((55.8 ± 0.2 - 33.9 ± 0.1 Ma). Currently the process still continues in some of the Alpide mountain ranges.
The term fold is used in geology when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of plastic (i.e. permanent) deformation.
Folds in rocks vary in size from microscopic crinkles to mountain-sized folds. They occur singly as isolated folds and in extensive fold trains of different sizes, on a variety of scales. A set of folds distributed on a regional scale constitutes a fold belt, a common feature of orogenic zones.
In order to log your find, please:
1) send me an answer (via email), how many upright folds you can see (approx.)
2) upload a picture of Sareni pasovi and you with your GPS unit in front of it from any place.
3) elevation above sea-level of the location from the place where you will take your picture.
General geology of Durmitor National Park
Durmitor National Park comprises Mount Durmitor plateau and the valley formed by the canyon of the River Tara, incorporating three major geomorphological features: canyons, mountains and plateaux, ranging in elevation from about 450 - 2,522 m. Because of its geographical location and range in altitude, the park is under the influence of both Mediterranean and alpine micro climates which has resulted in an exceptional range of species.
Geologically, Durmitor and Tara canyons are made up of rocky massifs of the secondary era (from the lower Triassic to the upper Cretaceous), tertiary and quaternary eras. The dominant features are the limestone formations of the middle and upper Triassic, the upper Jurassic and the upper Cretaceous, especially the so-called Durmitorean flysch.
Durmitor, this natural link between earth and sky, the Athos of Montenegro, offers you: 18 lakes, 5 canyons, 27 peaks above 2200 metres, 48 peaks above 2000 metres, 748 sources of potable waters, forests over 500 years old, 2000 km of marked foot paths and climbing paths.