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From Wikipedia encyclopedia.
Admission to Union: August 21, 1959
Bird: Hawaiian goose
Flower: Yellow Hibiscus
The 1778 arrival of British explorer James Cook is usually taken to be Hawaii’s first contact with European explorers. Cook named the islands the Sandwich Islands in honor of one of his sponsors, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. He published the geographical coordinates of the islands and reported the native name as Owyhee.
Cook visited the Hawaiian islands twice. During his second visit—in 1779—he attempted to abduct a Hawaiian chief and hold him as ransom for return of a ship’s boat that was stolen by a different minor chief; the chief’s supporters fought back, and Cook was killed.
After Cook’s visit and the publication of several books relating his voyages, the Hawaiian islands received many European visitors: explorers, traders, and eventually whalers who found the islands a convenient harbor and source of fresh food. Early British influence can still be seen from the design of the local Flag of Hawaii which has the British Union Flag in the corner. Visitors introduced diseases to the formerly isolated islands, and the Hawaiian population plunged precipitously. American missionaries (e.g. Hiram Bingham I) arrived in 1820 and eventually converted the remaining population to Protestant Christianity. Kamehameha II ended the human sacrifice and the Kapu system and Kamehameha III was the first Christian king.
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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum