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I was a physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which I received the Nobel Prize in Physics. I mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at my institute in Copenhagen. I was part of a team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. I have been described as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.
I was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. My achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. I have been called the "father of modern observational astronomy," the "father of modern physics," the "father of science," and "the Father of Modern Science." My contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, and the observation and analysis of sunspots. I also worked in applied science and technology, improving compass design.
I was a theoretical physicist. My many contributions to physics include the special and general theories of relativity, the founding of relativistic cosmology, the first post-Newtonian expansion, explaining the perihelion advance of Mercury, prediction of the deflection of light by gravity and gravitational lensing, the first fluctuation dissipation theorem which explained the Brownian movement of molecules, the photon theory and wave-particle duality, the quantum theory of atomic motion in solids, the zero-point energy concept, the semiclassical version of the Schrodinger equation, and the quantum theory of a monatomic gas.
I studied the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a DC electric current, and established the basis for the electromagnetic field concept in physics. I discovered electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and laws of electrolysis. I established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena. My inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices formed the foundation of electric motor technology, and it was largely due to my efforts that electricity became viable for use in technology. As a chemist, I discovered benzene, investigated the clathrate hydrate of chlorine, invented an early form of the bunsen burner and the system of oxidation numbers, and popularized terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, and ion.
I was a physicist. As a high school teacher, I began my research with the recently invented electrochemical cell, invented by Italian Count Alessandro Volta. Using equipment of my own creation, I determined that there is a direct proportionality between the potential difference (voltage) applied across a conductor and the resultant electric current. Using the results of my experiments, I was able to define the fundamental relationship among voltage, current, and resistance, which represents the true beginning of electrical circuit analysis.
I was a theoretical physicist and mathematician. My most important achievement was classical electromagnetic theory, synthesizing all previous unrelated observations, experiments and equations of electricity, magnetism and even optics into a consistent theory. My set of equations demonstrated that electricity, magnetism and even light are all manifestations of the same phenomenon: the electromagnetic field. From that moment on, all other classic laws or equations of these disciplines became simplified cases of my equations. My work in electromagnetism has been called the "second great unification in physics", after the first one carried out by Isaac Newton. I demonstrated that electric and magnetic fields travel through space in the form of waves, and at the constant speed of light. My work in producing a unified model of electromagnetism is considered to be one of the greatest advances in physics. I'm also known for creating the first true color photograph and for my foundational work on the rigidity of rod-and-joint frameworks like those in many bridges.
I was a mathematician and physicist best known for establishing the differential equation governing heat diffusion and solved it by devising an infinite series of sines and cosines capable of approximating a wide variety of functions. I am also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect.
I was a physicist and mathematician and am considered one of the central founders of the science of thermodynamics. By my restatement of Sadi Carnot's principle known as the Carnot cycle, I put the theory of heat on a truer and sounder basis. My most important paper, On the mechanical theory of heat, first stated the basic ideas of the second law of thermodynamics. I also introduced the concept of entropy.
I was a theoretical physicist who achieved fame for my contributions to quantum mechanics, for which I received the Nobel Prize. Einstein said I had a cat but I'm not so sure.
I was a physicist best known for the invention of a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation. I also made an early measurement of the speed of light, discovered eddy currents, and although I didn't invent it, I am credited with naming the gyroscope. I also have a crater on the Moon named after me.
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