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Prvni nadrazi v Praze

A cache by JIRKA.CZ Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 6/15/2010
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: other (other)

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Geocache Description:

Cache venovana prvnimu nadrazi naseho hlavniho mesta.

The cache is dedicated to oldest railway station in downtown of Prague.


Vznik nadrazi

Dnesni Masarykovo nadrazi je prvni zeleznicni nadrazi v Praze. Bylo vystaveno jako koncove nadrazi lezici na c.k.Severni statni draze z Olomouce do Prahy. Tato draha v Olomouci odbocovala ze Severni drahy císare Ferdinanda spojujici Viden a Halic. Prvni neoficialni vlak prijel do Prahy 4. srpna 1845. Slavnostne byl provoz zahajen 20. srpna 1845. Na pravidelny provoz si vsak lide museli pockat az do 1. zari 1845. Od 1. cervna 1850 bylo v provozu prodlouzeni c.k.Severni statni drahy z Prahy do Lovosic a od 6. dubna 1851 byl dokoncen usek z Lovosic do saskych Drazdan, kde c.k. Severni statni draha koncila.

V dobe sveho vzniku, ve 40. letech 19. stoleti, byla Praha jeste opevnenym mestem. Nadrazi melo dve casti. Prvni cast lezela pred prazskymi hradbami a slouzila pro odstavovani vagonu a lokomotiv. Byla zde take vytopna s vodarnou, dilny a sklady. Do hradeb bylo prorazeno sest uzamykatelnych bran, kazda pro jednu kolej, kterymi jste se dostali do druhe casti nadrazi. Zde byly vystaveny dve samostatne dvoupatrove budovy. Budova se dvema ctvercovymi vezemi v ulici Hybernske slouzila jako odjezdova, ve ktere se nachazely pokladny, cekarny I., II. a III.tridy, ale treba i hostinec a posta. Cestovani vlakem bylo v dobe vzniku prvniho prazskeho nadrazi jevem stale jeste mimoradnym, doprovazenym radou urednich procedur. K tem slouzila prijezdova budova u krizovatky ulic Na Florenci a Havlickovy. Byla zde pokladna potravni dane, kancelare pasoveho uradu, policie a financni straze.

Construction

Masaryk Station is the first railway station built within historical territory of the city (Dejvice Station of former horse-drawn railway from Lany being older, but located outside pre-1922 city limits, in suburb of Dejvice). The station was conceived as a terminus of a main line connecting Vienna and Prague via Olomouc. First test train arrived to Prague on August 4, 1845 and the ceremonial opening of the line took place on August 20. September 1 was the day when the line entered regular passenger service. The construction of the line advanced further to the north along the Vltava and the Elbe during following years. By June 1, 1850 railway reached Lovosice in northern Bohemia and the connection to Dresden in Saxony was completed on April 6, 1851.

At that time Prague was still a fortified city encircled with huge bastion walls from Baroque period and this obsolete relic had some influence on design of the station located on eastern edge of the city. On request of Austrian military authorities the station consisted of two parts - one half of the station (containing technical background like roundhouse, water tank, various workshops and warehouses) was built on outer side of the fortification and trains had to pass through six special gates (one for each track) to reach the second part of the station. At time of its construction this inner part consisted of two separate buildings stretching along both sides of tracks. The building on southern side (facing Hybernska Street) handled departures and contained ticket offices, waiting rooms of first, second and third class, restaurant and post office. The arrival buiding housing offices of octroi, police and financial guard was situated along northern side of the station (along Na Florenci Street)..


Nadrazi mnoha jmen

Za dobu svého trvani vystridalo nadrazi mnoho jmen, ktere kopirovaly polickou situaci v zemi.

1845–1862 Praha

1862–1919 Praha statni nadrazi

1919–1940 Praha Masarykovo nadrazi

1940–1945 Prag Hibernerbahnhof / Praha Hybernske nadrazi

1945–1952 Praha Masarykovo nadrazi

1953–1990 Praha stred

od r. 1990 Praha Masarykovo nadrazi

Station of many names

The station changed its name many times during its existence, reflecting political climate in the country.

1845–1862 Prague

1862–1919 Prague State Station (in order to distinguish it from recently completed Smichov Station)

1919–1940 Prague Masaryk Station (in honour of Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, first President of Czechoslovakia)

1940–1945 Prag Hibernerbahnhof / Prague Hibernian Station (after adjacent street with former Irish monastery; Nazi occupation)

1945–1952 Prague Masaryk Station

1953–1990 Prague Central (communist regime)

since 1990 Prague Masaryk Station

Kolejiste

Masarykovo nadrazi patri mezi tzv. hlavove (koncove) stanice, ze kterych mohou vlaky odjizdet pouze do stejneho smeru ze ktereho prijely. Tyto typy stanic byly budovany v 19.stoleti ve velkych evropskych mestech (Wien, Budapest, Berlin, Hamburg, Leipzig, Stuttgart, München, Zürich, Luzern, Paris, Roma, Venezia). Vyhodou techto stanic je snadne a prime propojeni rusnych ulic mest s nastupisti u jednotlivych koleji prostrednictvim honosnych nadraznich hal.

Layout

Masaryk Station is a terminus station with bay platforms, which means there are no tracks through. This layout, common in grandiose 19th century stations in large European cities (e.g. Vienna, Budapest, Berlin, Hamburg, Leipzig, Stuttgart, Munich, Zurich, Lucerne, Paris, Rome, Venice), has an advantage of easy accessibility from busy urban streets; it also permits passengers to reach all the platforms and change from one platform to another without need to cross any tracks while maintaining the same level. As mentioned above, the main entrance for outbound traffic was from Hybernska Street in the beginning, but nowadays most people come directly to station hall from Havlickova Street, where a tram stop and exit of a metro station are located. Only original architecture facing the seemingly less important street in the south and ticket offices located in that wing remind us of a past.

Soucasnost

V soucasne dobe nalezneme v Praze Masarykove nadrazi zejmena vlaky regionalni dopravy. Snadno a rychle se tak dostanou vlakem primo do centra naseho hlavniho mesta cestujici ze smeru od Kladna a Hostivice, Kralup nad Vltavou a Roztok u Prahy, Nymburka, Lyse nad Labem a Celakovic, Kolina a Ceskeho Brodu.

Present

Masaryk Station a major commuter train hub for areas northwest and eastwest of Prague while international trains are handled by Main Station and Holešovice Station. Trains from Masaryk Station run to the following cities and towns: Kladno, Rakovnik, Kralupy nad Vltavou, Roudnice nad Labem, Lovosice, Usti nad Labem, Decin, Celakovice, Lysa nad Labem, Nymburk, Cesky Brod, Kolin or Pardubice.

Budoucnost

Vyhodna poloha primo v centru Prahy by se mohla stat nadrazi osudnou. Na lukrativni pozemky, na kterych se nadrazi naleza, si jiz radu let ,,brousi zuby,, prazsky magistrat i rada developeru. Nezbyva nez doufat, ze i nadale dojedeme pohodlne vlakem az do centra Prahy a nebudeme muset nekde na periferii presedat do metra.

Future

The station, which allows commuting passengers fast and comfortable access to city centre, occupies quite large area of valuable land in downtown of Prague. Therefore it is under threat of closure from Prague City Council, which recently even considered replacing it with offices and shopping mall and constructing a new underground central station. Such a profound and costly change is however unlikely to occur in the nearest years.


V zadnem pripade NEVSTUPUJTE DO KOLEJISTE, cache neni umistena na nadrazi.
Definitely DO NOT STEP ON THE TRACKS, the cache is not located at the station.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

2Q; cngeb - sbgb ancbiv / 2Q; sybbe - gur cubgb vf n pyhr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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