In Tennessee, United States
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Amnicola Farm was the antebellum estate of Thomas Crutchfield. These gates replaced the original gates and have been preserved in recent times for their historical significance.
This cache is hidden with permission of the owners.
If the parking lot is crowded, please use the nearby Riverwalk parking lot.
Stealth may be required.
Amnicola was an antebellum estate owned by Thomas Crutchfield. He named the farm "Amnicola", which in Latin means "dwelling by the river". The farm was the site where General Sherman's troops crossed the Tennessee River prior to the Battle of Missionary Ridge. The house served as a field hospital during the conflict.
In the morning of November 24, 1863, the Crutchfield family awoke to find their farm occupied by several thousand soldiers from the Union's Army of the Tennessee, who had arrived by pontoon boats during the night. Under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman, the troops immediately began digging rifle trenches and fortifications. A floating bridge was built across the Tennessee River, and by afternoon, some 17,000 men had crossed to attack Confederate positions on the north end of Missionary Ridge. After the battle, a field hospital was set up at Amnicola, and in the days that followed, over a thousand wounded soldiers were treated there.
The war left Amnicola in shambles. Years of work were required to rebuild. Crutchfield succeeded in restoring the plantation and its beautiful gardens. He was widely known for his advanced farming practices, orchards, sheep, and cattle. With his generous and genial nature, Thomas Crutchfield, Jr. had great influence on the early development of Chattanooga. He died in 1886.
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Last Updated: on 5/25/2017 8:02:46 AM Pacific Daylight Time (3:02 PM GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum