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Maikapara nams

A cache by RedFox9, Vigant Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 04/05/2011
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:


[LAT] Slēpnis veltīts glītajam Maikapara namam Aristīda Briāna ielā. Mūsdienās šī ēka atzīta par valsts nozīmes arhitektūras pieminekli (Nr.6646).
Kaut gan Maikapara nams drāzāk ierindojams pilsētu dzīvojamo namu kategorijā, izskats, telpiskais novietojums, un - galvenais - tā pielietojums namu padara līdzīgu pilīm. Grezno savrupmaju, pēc arhitekta R.Pfluga projekta, 1876. gadā neorenesanses stilā cēla tirgotājam un dārzniekam Kārlim Heinriham Vāgneram, kurš bija nama īpašnieks līdz 1920. gadiem.
1931. gadā nams nokļuva tabakas rūpnieka Samuela Maikapara īpašumā. Tajā pašā gadā pēc Aleksandra Trofimova projekta nams tika pārbūvēts tagad redzamajās neobaroka formās.
Reprezentatīvajā namā 1920. un 1930. gados tika izvietota Lielbritānijas sūtniecība un sūtņa dzīvoklis. Kādu laiku pats Maikapars dzīvojis nama otrajā stāvā, kamēr pirmajā stāvā bijis Maikapara fabrikas strādnieku klubs.
1941. gadā namā notika remonts, to pielāgojot iecerētā Raiņa muzeja vajadzībām. Karš šo projektu pārtrauca. II Pasaules Karā, vācu okupācijas laikā, šajā ēkā dzīvoja Rīgas komisāriskais lielvecākais (oberbürgermeister) Hugo Vitroks, savukārt pēc II Pasaules Kara beigām, Padomju okupācijas laikā - Baltijas kara apgabala pavēlnieks Ivans Bagramjans. Daļa no plašās Maikaparu dzimtas Padomju okupācijas gados tika apcietināta un izsūtīta. Pārējie Maikaparu dzimtas locekļi devās bēgļu gaitās uz Vāciju.
Vēlak namā tika ierīkotas Latvijas PSR Ministru padomes reprezentācijas un dzīvojamās telpas augstu viesu uzņemšanai. Šajā laikā namā pabijis pirmais Padomju Savienības Komunistiskās partijas sekretārs Ņikita Hruščovs, pirmais Dienvidslāvijas prezidents Josips Brozs Tito, pirmais Indijas premjerministrs Džavaharlals Neru.
Latvijas Republikas atjaunošanas laikā namu īpašumā ieguvis vēlāk skandalozais baņķieris Aleksandrs Lavents, kurš to 1990. gados, Rīgas pils remontu laikā, izīrējis Latvijas prezidentam G.Ulmanim kā rezidenci.
1990. gadu otrajā pusē nams kļuva par uzņēmuma "Ventspils nafta" reprezentācijas namu. 2001.gadā tika pabeigta nama rekonstrukcija (A.Špaks, L.Biseniece, G.Martirova, K.Ābiķe, D.Bērziņa), kuras gaitā tika izgreznotas arī iekštelpas, kas līdz tam bija pieticīgas salīdzinājumā ar grezno nama fasādi.
21.gadsimta sākumā nams ir kalpojis arī par valsts prezidentes V.Vīķes-Freibergas rezidenci. Pašlaik nams ir "Ventspils naftas" grupas uzņēmuma - a/s "Latvijas kuģniecība" īpašums.
Kopš 2010. gada sākuma Maikapara nams ir Japānas vēstnieka rezidence.

Lūdzu, slēpni nepārvietot!!!

[ENG] This cache is dedicated to the lovely house of Maikapars which lies on Aristid Brian's street. The building has been recognized as a national monument of architecture (No 6646).
Although the house of Maikapars is rather a dwelling-house, its appearance, spatial position and use makes the building look like a palace. The luxurious mansion was built in neorenaissance style and finshed in 1876 by Robert Pflug. Its first owner until 1920s was the merchant and gardener Kārlis Heinrihs Vāgners.
In 1931 the building's new owner became the tobacco manufacturer Samuel Maikapars. The same year the house was restyled in neobaroque style by Alexander Trofimov.
During 1920s and 1930s it was the embassy and living apartment of Great Britain's ambassador. For a period of time M.Maikapars lived on the second floor while the first floor hosted a club for workers from his tobacco manufacture.
In 1941 replanning was started as the building was provided to use for museum of Latvian poet Rainis. WWII put a stop to this. During Germany's occupation in WWII, Hugo Wittrock, lord Mayor (oberbürgermeister) of Riga lived in the house of Maikapars. After WWII, during the Soviet occupation, the commander of the 1st Baltic Front Ivan Bagramyan lived in the house of Maikapars.
Part of the large Maikapars family during Soviet occupation were arrested and exiled. The rest of Maikapars' family flew to Germany where they lived in refugee camps.
Later the building served as representative rooms for Latvian SSR council of ministers and living apartments for high-ranked guests like the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev, the first President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito, the first Prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
After reestablishing Latvian independence the house of Maikapars ended up becoming property of later scandalous banker Aleksandrs Lavents. While the Castle of Riga was being repaired, house of Maikapars was used as a residence for Latvian president Guntis Ulmanis.
In the end of 1990s the house of Maikapars became representative apartment for enterprise "Ventspils nafta" (Ventspils's oil). In 2001 reconstruction (A.Špaks, L.Biseniece, G.Martirova, K.Ābiķe, D.Bērziņa) was finished improving interior of before comparatively modest inner rooms.
Later the house of Maikapars for a while was used as a residence of Latvian president Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga. Nowadays house of Maikapars belongs to enterprise "Latvijas kuģniecība" (Latvian shipping company) which is part of "Ventspils nafta" group of enterprises.
Since 2010 the house of Maikapars is the residence of the Japanese ambassador.


Please do not move the cache!!!

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[LAT] Cvrghcvrf ha cnfavrqmvrf!
[ENG] Fdhng naq ernpu!

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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