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A cache by tormodel and gjerjs
The Nidaros Cathedral has been built, rebuilt, restored and wrecked several times over the last 1000 years. Building of the cathedral startet in 997 AD, and that makes it one of the oldest in Scandinavia. It has also been a site of pilegrimage, because of its grandeur, location and local saints. It is said to be the most photographed building in Norway.
The Nidaros Cathedral
Dette er Norges mest sentrale kirke fordi den er Olav den Helliges gravkirke. Den er i dag en luthersk domkirke og menighetskirke og betraktes både som Norges nasjonalhelligdom og som kroningskirke. I den norske Grunnloven av 1814 ble det slått fast at Kongeriket Norges regent skal krones i Trondheim. Etter 1908, har kirken vært brukt til signing av regenten.
De norske kronregaliene har vært oppbevart i kirken, og er nå utstilt i Erkebispegården like ved.
The Cathedral in autumn
Nidaros or Niðarós was during the Middle Ages, the old name of Trondheim. Until the Reformation, Nidaros remained the centre of the spiritual life of the country. After the Catholic Archdiocese was abolished by Christian III of Denmark as a result of the Protestant Reformation in 1537, a Lutheran superintendenture, now diocese, with the name of Nidaros was erected in its place. Nidaros was Northern Europe's most important Christian pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages , with arrival at the Nidaros Cathedral being the final step on the pilgrim's journey. It was established as the seat of the archdiocese of all Norway in 1152 by Nicholas Breakspeare, who later became the only English pope as Adrian IV. The archdiocese thus broke away from the newly established archbishopric of Scandinavia, situated in Lund, Skåne (then a part of the Danish realm) since 1103. Nidaros town owed its name to the location at the mouth of the river Nid (Nidelva) (os meaning river mouth).
The Nidaros Cathedral in 1857.
The Nidaros Cathedral in 1892.
In the early 19th century, when Norway regained self-rule as a separate Kingdom in a union with Sweden in 1814, a period of national romanticism was ushered in, in which much attention was paid to the remains of the independent medieval kingdom. It was resolved to restore the ancient cathedral of Nidaros. Now it stands once more completed as the largest cathedral in Northern Europe.
The city of Trondhjem actually changed its name back to Nidaros on January 1, 1930. After a fierce campaign among the citizens against the new name, the Norwegian Parliament, mainly due to Ivar Lykke, changed its name to Trondheim on March 6, 1931.
Recently the pilgrimage route to Nidaros Cathedral, the site of Saint Olav's tomb, has been re-instated. The main route, which is approximately 640 km long, starts in Oslo in the ruins of the Old City and heads North, along the lake Mjøsa, up the valley Gudbrandsdal, over Dovrefjell and down the valley Oppdal to end at Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim.
The "Trondheim Katedralskole" (Trondheim Cathedral school) near the Cathedral is Norway's oldest together with Oslo Cathedral school. Trondheim Cathedral school (locally known as "Katta"), was opened in 1152 AD.
Trondheim Cathedral School
30th October 2016: Find no. 3000!
First to find: irea85
Ebpx va ubyr va gerr ol lbhe xarr