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[TGQ2011] Lupa Capitolina

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Hidden : 08/08/2011
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size:   micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


 

[RO]
Statuia Lupa Capitolina din Cluj, colocvial Statuia Lupoaicei, este o copie a Lupei Capitolina din Roma, daruita în anul 1921 de municipalitatea din Roma orasului Cluj, ca simbol al legaturii de latinitate între Italia si România.
Statul italian a facut cadou României în anul 1921 doua copii ale statuii lupoaicei de pe Capitoliu (Lupa Capitolina). O copie a fost trimisa la Cluj, iar cea de a doua la Chisinau, drept simboluri ale unitatii românilor din zonele unificate cu Regatul Român.
Monumentul este o copie fidela a lupoaicei de pe Capitoliu, cu Romulus si Remus. Soclul monumentului din Cluj a fost prevazut cu un basorelief al împaratului Traian, lucrare executata în bronz de sculptorul Ettore Ferrari (1849-1930), si cu inscriptia ALLA CITTÀ DI CLVJ, ROMA MADRE, MCMXXI. A fost hotarâta amplasarea monumentului în Piata Unirii, în fata statuii lui Matei Corvin, iar festivitatea de dezvelire a avut loc la 28 septembrie 1921, fiind prezidata de Iulian Pop, primul primar român al municipiului, în prezenta a numerosi locuitori.
Odata cu Dictatul de la Viena, din 1940, în timpul exodului fortat al unei parti importante a populatiei românesti, statuia a luat si ea calea refugiului pentru a fi pusa la adapost. Între 1940-1944, din motive de siguranta, a fost dusa în municipiul Sibiu. Dupa cel de-al doilea razboi mondial, statuia a revenit la Cluj, dar noul climat politic existent nu a permis reinstalarea statuii pe locul original, de aceea ea a fost montata în anul 1967, la initiativa profesorului Constantin Daicoviciu, în fata cladirii centrale a Universitatii, unde a ramas pâna în 1973, când statuia a revenit în Piata Unirii, pe locul ei din fata universitatii fiind amplasat grupul statuar Scoala Ardeleana.
În anul 1994 statuia a fost luata de pe amplasamentul sau de la intersectia Bd. Eroilor cu Piata Unirii si a fost înlocuita cu Monumentul Memorandistilor, ridicat în cinstea memorandistilor care au avut puterea de a se ridica contra masurilor de deznationalizare a românilor luate de guvernul austro-ungar. Evenimentul a avut loc la exact 100 de ani de la osândirea la temnita a memorandistilor. Statuia Lupoaicei a fost mutata la Muzeului de Istorie a Transilvaniei, unde a fost restaurata de sculptorul Liviu Mocan, iar in 2007 de sculptorul Kolozsi Tiberiu, ulterior ea fiind amplasata la jumatatea Bulevardului Eroilor.
În 2006, dupa începerea santierului de pe Bulevardului Eroilor, statuia a fost îndepartata de pe amplasament.
Pe 29 noiembrie 2008, Lupa Capitolina a revenit pe soclul sau de pe Bulevardul Eroilor, în fata catedralei greco-catolice Schimbarea la Fata.
 
 
[EN]
The Capitoline Wolf Statue (Romanian: Statuia Lupoaicei) in Cluj-Napoca, Romania is located on Eroilor Boulevard, in the city center.
After the Great Union of 1 December 1918, the University of Upper Dacia was organised at Cluj, ultimately being renamed King Ferdinand I University. It was officially opened on 1 February 1920 in the presence of King Ferdinand and of the royal family. Representatives of the Allies of World War I and of countries neutral during the First World War were also present.
The following year, the Italian state made a gift to Romania of five copies of the Capitoline Wolf. One copy was sent to Bucharest, to the Roman Square, a second one to Cluj, a third to Chisinau, a fourth to Timisoara and a fifth to Târgu-Mures; they symbolised the unity of Romanians from all parts of the country and their Latinity. The Cluj-Napoca monument, brought to Cluj by a delegation of 200 Italians, mostly students, is a faithful copy of the Capitoline Wolf, with Romulus and Remus beneath her. To it was added a bas-relief of Emperor Trajan, executed by sculptor Ettore Ferrari, along with the inscription Alla citta di Cluj, Roma Madre, MCMXXI ("To the City of Cluj, Mother Rome, 1921"). It was decided to place the monument in Unirii Square, in front of the Statue of Matthias Corvinus. The first Romanian mayor of Cluj, Iulian Pop, unveiled the monument on 28 September 1921 in the presence of over 25,000 residents.
After the Second Vienna Award in 1940, a significant part of Cluj's Romanian population was forced to leave the city; the statue too was taken away to safety. After the Second World War, the statue was brought back to Cluj, but the prevailing political climate did not permit the statue to be put back in its original location, so it was placed in front of the University, where it remained until 1973, when the statue was again placed in Unirii Square. A group of statues of members of the Transylvanian School was set up in its place in front of the university.
In 1994 the statue was removed from its location at the intersection of Eroilor Bd. and Unirii Square and replaced with the Memorandum Signers' Monument, erected in honour of the men who signed the Transylvanian Memorandum and had the strength to stand up to the de-nationalisation measures against Romanians being undertaken by the Austro-Hungarian government. The dedication of the monument took place exactly 100 years after the memorandum signers were sent to prison. The Statue of the She-Wolf was moved to the Transylvanian History Museum, where it was restored by the sculptor Liviu Mocan, later being placed in the middle of Eroilor Boulevard.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

haqre

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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