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Umschlagplatz

A cache by ru.beus (adopted from wantsky) Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 01/20/2012
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:




PL

Umschlagplatz (niem. plac zaladunku) miejsce zwiazane z holokaustem w getcie warszawskim, z którego Niemcy deportowali Zydów do obozu zaglady w Treblince.
Transporty ludzi ladowanych do towarowych wagonów kolejowych zaczely sie 22 lipca 1942. W niektóre dni wywozono nawet 10 tys. Zydów z getta. Ocenia sie, ze lacznie wywieziono okolo 320 tys. ludzi, którzy potem zgineli w komorach gazowych Treblinki. Niektóre zródla opisuja to jako najwieksza zaglade jednej spolecznosci podczas II wojny swiatowej. Deportacje zakonczyly sie 12 wrzesnia 1942.
Plac powstal w czesci nieistniejacego obecnie dworca towarowego Warszawa Gdanska. Zachodnia czesc dworca, przylegajaca bezposrednio do getta zostala wydzielona drewnianym plotem, a pózniej murem. Budowle kolejowe, rampy, byle schronisko dla bezdomnych, szpital i inne budynki znajdujace na tym terenie zostaly przystosowane jako miejsce do zaladunku i selekcji wiezniów. W tym czasie reszta dworca towarowego pelnila funkcje zaopatrzeniowe dla reszty miasta.
Dla upamietnienia w 1988 powstal pomnik Umschlagplatz przedstawiajacy otwarty wagon towarowy. Pomnik zaprojektowali i wykonali architekt Hanna Szmalenberg i rzezbiarz Wladyslaw Klamerus.

BYOP

PL

In the Holocaust, the Umschlagplatz (German: collection point or reloading point) in the Warsaw Ghetto was where Jews were being gathered for deportation to the Treblinka extermination camp.
During the Grossaktion Warsaw, beginning on July 22, 1942, Jews were deported in crowded freight cars to Treblinka. On some days as many as 7,000 Jews were deported. An estimated 300,000 Jews were taken to the Treblinka gas chambers, and some sources describe it as the largest killing of any single community in World War II. The deportations ended on September 12, 1942.
The Umschlagplatz was created by fencing off a western part of the Warszawa Gdanska freight train station that was adjacent to the ghetto. The area was surrounded by a wooden fence, replaced later by a wall. Railway buildings and installations on the site as well as a former homeless shelter and a hospital were converted to the prisoner selection facility. The rest of the train station served its normal function for the rest of the city during the deportations.
In 1988, a stone monument resembling an open freight car was built to mark the Umschlagplatz. The monument was created by architect Hanna Szmalenberg and sculptor Wladyslaw Klamerus.

BYOP

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

zntarglx. 1,6 z, jrjangem / zntargvp. 1,6 z. vafvqr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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